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Table 3 Patient-visit clinical diagnoses or medication use which are relative contraindications for opioids

From: How do contraindications to non-opioid analgesics and opioids affect the likelihood that patients with back pain diagnoses in the primary care setting receive an opioid prescription? An observational cross-sectional study

  No opioid prescription at office visit
n = 23,541
Opioid prescription at office visit n = 1002 Total
sample
n = 24,543
P-Value
N (%) N (%) N (%)
Depression Disorder
 No 21,206 (96.0) 876 (4.0) 22,082  
 Yes 2335 (9.9) 126 (12.6) 2461 < 0.01
Anxiety Disorder
 No 20,333 (96.1) 830 (3.9) 21,163  
 Yes 3208 (94.9) 172 (5.1) 3380 < 0.01
Substance Use Disorder
 No 22,168 (96.2) 875 (3.8) 23,043  
 Yes 1373 (91.5) 127 (8.5) 1500 < 0.001
Bipolar Disorder
 No 23,275 (96.0) 975 (4.0) 24,250  
 es 266 (90.8) 27 (9.2) 293 < 0.001
Benzodiazepine Prescribed at Index Visit  
 No 22,989 (96.1) 925 (3.9) 23,914  
 es 552 (87.8) 77 (12.2) 629 < 0.001
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