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  1. Accreditation is a widely employed quality assurance concept in health care and the survey visit is the central method for assessing participating organisations’ compliance with accreditation standards. Despit...

    Authors: Tina Drud Due, Thorkil Thorsen and Marius Brostrøm Kousgaard

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:163

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Primary care physicians have diverse responsibilities. To collaborate with cancer specialists efficiently, they should prioritise roles desired by other collaborators rather than roles based on their own belie...

    Authors: Takashi Chinen, Yusuke Sasabuchi, Kazuhiko Kotani and Hironori Yamaguchi

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:162

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Stratified care involves subgrouping patients based on key characteristics, e.g. prognostic risk, and matching these subgroups to early treatment options. The STarT-MSK programme developed and tested a new str...

    Authors: Joanne Protheroe, Benjamin Saunders, Jonathan C. Hill, Adrian Chudyk, Nadine E. Foster, Bernadette Bartlam, Simon Wathall and Vincent Cooper

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:161

    Content type: Research

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  4. Many survivors of critical illness suffer from long-lasting physical, cognitive, and mental health sequelae. The number of affected patients is expected to markedly increase due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Many ...

    Authors: KFR Schmidt, J. Gensichen, S. Gehrke-Beck, R. P. Kosilek, F. Kühne, C Heintze, L. M. Baldwin and D. M. Needham

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:160

    Content type: Review

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  5. Primary care professionals (PCPs) face mounting pressures associated with their work, which has resulted in high burn-out numbers. Increasing PCPs’ job satisfaction is proposed as a solution in this regard. Po...

    Authors: Caro H. C. Lemmen, Gili Yaron, Rachel Gifford and Marieke D. Spreeuwenberg

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:159

    Content type: Research

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  6. Chronic insomnia is a highly prevalent disorder, with ten to thirty percent of Australian adults reporting chronic difficulties falling asleep and/or staying asleep such that it causes significant daytime impa...

    Authors: Jenny Haycock, Nicole Grivell, Anne Redman, Bandana Saini, Andrew Vakulin, Leon Lack, Nicole Lovato, Alexander Sweetman, Nicholas Zwar, Nigel Stocks, Oliver Frank, Sutapa Mukherjee, Robert Adams, R. Doug McEvoy and Elizabeth Hoon

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:158

    Content type: Research

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  7. Access to high-quality primary care has been identified as a pressing need for adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). Adults with IDD live with complex physical and mental health condit...

    Authors: Nicole Bobbette, Rosemary Lysaght, Hélène Ouellette-Kuntz, Joan Tranmer and Catherine Donnelly

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:157

    Content type: Research article

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  8. China has more ascertained cases of diabetes than any other country. Much of the care of people with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in China is managed by GPs and this will increase with the implementation of health c...

    Authors: Mi Yao, Dong-ying Zhang, Jie-ting Fan, Kai Lin, Shamil Haroon, Dawn Jackson, Hai Li, Wei Chen, Richard Lehman and Kar Keung Cheng

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:156

    Content type: Research

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  9. Many cancer patients in the low- and middle-income countries seek care with traditional health practitioners (THPs) and use traditional and complementary medicines (T&CMs) for treatment of cancers. Little is k...

    Authors: Amos Deogratius Mwaka, Jennifer Achan, Winnie Adoch and Henry Wabinga

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:155

    Content type: Research

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  10. Individual illness perception is known to influence a range of outcome variables. However, little is known regarding illness perception in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and its relation to the use of the heal...

    Authors: Juliane Schwille-Kiuntke, Solveig Lu Rüdlin, Florian Junne, Paul Enck, Katja Brenk-Franz, Stephan Zipfel and Monika A. Rieger

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:154

    Content type: Research

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  11. This qualitative study is a sub-component of BETTER WISE, a comprehensive and structured approach that proactively addresses chronic disease prevention, screening, and cancer survivorship, including screening ...

    Authors: N. Sopcak, C. Fernandes, M. A. O’Brien, D. Ofosu, M. Wong, T. Wong, M. Kebbe and D. Manca

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:153

    Content type: Research

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  12. Diabetes and hypertension care require effective communication between healthcare professionals and patients. Training programs may improve the communication skills of healthcare professionals but no systemati...

    Authors: Mi Yao, Xue-ying Zhou, Zhi-jie Xu, Richard Lehman, Shamil Haroon, Dawn Jackson and Kar Keung Cheng

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:152

    Content type: Research

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  13. Cough is a relevant reason for encounter in primary care. For evidence-based decision making, general practitioners need setting-specific knowledge about prevalences, pre-test probabilities, and prognosis. Acc...

    Authors: Milena Bergmann, Jörg Haasenritter, Dominik Beidatsch, Sonja Schwarm, Kaja Hörner, Stefan Bösner, Paula Grevenrath, Laura Schmidt, Annika Viniol, Norbert Donner-Banzhoff and Annette Becker

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:151

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Many problems with primary care physicians’ psychosocial working conditions have been documented. Many studies on working condition have used the Effort-Reward-Imbalance (ERI) model, which posits that poor hea...

    Authors: Per Nilsen, Hanna Fernemark, Ida Seing, Kristina Schildmeijer, Carin Ericsson and Janna Skagerström

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:149

    Content type: Research

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  15. In an abdominal symptom study in primary care in six European countries, 511 cases of cancer were recorded prospectively among 61,802 patients 16 years and older in Norway, Denmark, Sweden, Netherlands, Belgiu...

    Authors: Knut Holtedahl, Lars Borgquist, Gé A. Donker, Frank Buntinx, David Weller, Christine Campbell, Jörgen Månsson, Victoria Hammersley, Tonje Braaten and Ranjan Parajuli

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:148

    Content type: Research

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  16. Within-consultation recruitment to primary care trials is challenging. Ensuring procedures are efficient and self-explanatory is the key to optimising recruitment. Trial recruitment software that integrates wi...

    Authors: Christie Cabral, Kathryn Curtis, Vasa Curcin, Jesús Domínguez, Vibhore Prasad, Anne Schilder, Nicholas Turner, Scott Wilkes, Jodi Taylor, Sarah Gallagher, Paul Little, Brendan Delaney, Michael Moore, Alastair D. Hay and Jeremy Horwood

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:147

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Early in the COVID-19 pandemic, general practices were asked to expand triage and to reduce unnecessary face-to-face contact by prioritizing other consultation modes, e.g., online messaging, video, or telephon...

    Authors: Shaun Lackey, Kelly Ann Schmidtke and Ivo Vlaev

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:146

    Content type: Research

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  18. The rising prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) such as diabetes mellitus (DM) and hypertension (HT) has placed a tremendous burden on healthcare systems around the world, resulting in a call for mor...

    Authors: Kam-Suen Chan, Eric Yuk-Fai Wan, Weng-Yee Chin, Will Ho-Gi Cheng, Margaret Kay Ho, Esther Yee-Tak Yu and Cindy Lo-Kuen Lam

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:145

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Primary healthcare-based Early Identification and Brief Intervention (EIBI) for hazardous and harmful alcohol use is both a clinically relevant and cost-effective strategy to reduce heavy drinking. Unfortunate...

    Authors: Bram Pussig, Lodewijk Pas, Ann Li, Mieke Vermandere, Bert Aertgeerts and Catharina Matheï

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:144

    Content type: Study protocol

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  20. Integrated primary care teams are ideally positioned to support the mental health care needs arising during the COVID-19 pandemic. Understanding how COVID-19 has affected mental health care delivery within pri...

    Authors: Rachelle Ashcroft, Catherine Donnelly, Maya Dancey, Sandeep Gill, Simon Lam, Toula Kourgiantakis, Keith Adamson, David Verrilli, Lisa Dolovich, Anne Kirvan, Kavita Mehta, Deepy Sur and Judith Belle Brown

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:143

    Content type: Research

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  21. Health services to date have inadequately addressed the physical and mental health needs of patients with medically unexplained symptoms. This qualitative study evaluates a piloted facilitated support group (F...

    Authors: Michelle Marcinow, Jane Sandercock, Chelsea D’Silva, David Daien, Carly Ellis, Christine Dias and Elizabeth Mansfield

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:142

    Content type: Research

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  22. Genetic screening (GS), defined as the clinical testing of a population to identify asymptomatic individuals with the aim of providing those identified as high risk with prevention, early treatment, or reprodu...

    Authors: Rose Wai-Yee Fok, Cheryl Siow Bin Ong, Désirée Lie, Diana Ishak, Si Ming Fung, Wern Ee Tang, Shirley Sun, Helen Smith and Joanne Yuen Yie Ngeow

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:141

    Content type: Research

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  23. Health services internationally have been compelled to change their methods of service delivery in response to the global COVID-19 pandemic, to mitigate the spread of infection amongst health professionals and...

    Authors: Fiona Imlach, Eileen McKinlay, Jonathan Kennedy, Caroline Morris, Megan Pledger, Jacqueline Cumming and Karen McBride-Henry

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:140

    Content type: Research

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  24. Considering the global refugee crisis, there is an increasing demand on primary care physicians to be able to adequately assess and address the health care needs of individual refugees, including both the soma...

    Authors: Erica Rothlind, Uno Fors, Helena Salminen, Per Wändell and Solvig Ekblad

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:138

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The role played by nurses in caring for children in pediatricians’ officies in the community is crucial to ensure integrated care. In Italy, pediatricians are responsible for the health of children aged 0–14 y...

    Authors: Immacolata Dall’Oglio, Giovanni Vitali Rosati, Valentina Biagioli, Emanuela Tiozzo, Orsola Gawronski, Riccardo Ricci, Antonio Garofalo, Simone Piga, Simone Gramaccioni, Claudio Di Maria, Valentina Vanzi, Alessandra Querciati, Rosaria Alvaro, Luciana Biancalani, Ersilia Buonomo, Mattia Doria…

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:136

    Content type: Research article

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  26. There is a current trend to reassess the adequacy of care. Establishing top five lists by involving patients is one way to address medical overuse. The objective of this study was to establish a patients’ top ...

    Authors: Agnès Hazard, Marion Debin, Corentin Hervé, Caroline Guerrisi, Camille Bonnet and Mathilde François

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:134

    Content type: Research

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  27. In recent years, telemedicine consultations have evolved as a new form of providing primary healthcare. Telemedicine options can provide benefits to patients in terms of access, reduced travel time and no risk...

    Authors: Cecilia Dahlgren, Margareta Dackehag, Per Wändell and Clas Rehnberg

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:133

    Content type: Research

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  28. U.S. physicians lack training in caring for patients with obesity. For family medicine, the newly developed Obesity Medicine Education Collaborative (OMEC) competencies provide an opportunity to compare curren...

    Authors: Manuela Orjuela-Grimm, W. Scott Butsch, Silvia Bhatt-Carreño, B. Gabriel Smolarz and Goutham Rao

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:132

    Content type: Research article

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  29. To evaluate intermediate care for knee and hip osteoarthritis (KHOA) in the general practice that incorporate specialist services into general practice to prevent unnecessary referrals to hospitals.

    Authors: Ilgin G. Arslan, Vincent M. I. Voorbrood, Saskia A. G. Stitzinger, Maarten-Paul van de Kerkhove, Rianne M. Rozendaal, Marienke van Middelkoop, Patrick J. E. Bindels, Sita M. A. Bierma-Zeinstra and Dieuwke Schiphof

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:131

    Content type: Research

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  30. General practitioners (GPs) have a key role in the diagnosis of cancer. It is crucial to identify factors influencing the decision to refer for suspected cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate the al...

    Authors: Line Flytkjær Virgilsen, Anette Fischer Pedersen, Peter Vedsted, Gitte Stentebjerg Petersen and Henry Jensen

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:129

    Content type: Research

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  31. Emergency Care and Treatment Plans are recommended for all primary care patients in the United Kingdom who are expected to experience deterioration of their health. The Recommended Summary Plan for Emergency C...

    Authors: Caroline J. Huxley, Karin Eli, Claire A. Hawkes, Gavin D. Perkins, Rob George, Frances Griffiths and Anne-Marie Slowther

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:128

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Extensive use of antibiotics and the resulting emergence of antimicrobial resistance is a major health concern globally. In Norway, 82% of antibiotics is prescribed in primary care and one in four prescription...

    Authors: Lars Emil Aga Haugom, Sabine Ruths, Knut Erik Emberland, Knut Eirik Ringheim Eliassen, Guri Rortveit and Knut-Arne Wensaas

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:127

    Content type: Research

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  33. Learning health systems have been gaining traction over the past decade. The purpose of this study was to understand the spread of learning health systems in primary care, including where they have been implem...

    Authors: Danielle M. Nash, Zohra Bhimani, Jennifer Rayner and Merrick Zwarenstein

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:126

    Content type: Research

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  34. The aims of our study were to describe the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic and lockdown on primary care in Germany regarding the number of consultations, the prevalence of specific reasons for consultation pre...

    Authors: Ingmar Schäfer, Heike Hansen, Agata Menzel, Marion Eisele, Daniel Tajdar, Dagmar Lühmann and Martin Scherer

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:125

    Content type: Research

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  35. Defining multimorbidity has proved elusive in spite of attempts to standardise definitions. For national studies, a broad definition is required to capture national diversity. For locally based studies, the de...

    Authors: Nasrin Hafezparast, Ellie Bragan Turner, Rupert Dunbar-Rees, Alice Vodden, Hiten Dodhia, Brian Reynolds, Barbara Reichwein and Mark Ashworth

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:124

    Content type: Research

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  36. Recruiting general practitioners (GPs) and their multimorbid older patients for trials is challenging for multiple reasons (e.g., high workload, limited mobility). The comparability of study participants is im...

    Authors: Katharina Tabea Jungo, Rahel Meier, Fabio Valeri, Nathalie Schwab, Claudio Schneider, Emily Reeve, Marco Spruit, Matthias Schwenkglenks, Nicolas Rodondi and Sven Streit

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:123

    Content type: Research

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  37. Family interaction is an important factor contributing to the quality of survivorship among breast cancer survivors. The dearth of studies involving young females with breast cancer has limited the understandi...

    Authors: Jiehui Xu, Xiyi Wang, Mengjie Chen, Yiwen Shi and Yun Hu

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:122

    Content type: Research

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  38. Timely recognition of colorectal cancer related symptoms is essential to reduce time to diagnosis. This study aims to investigate the primary healthcare use preceding a colorectal cancer diagnosis.

    Authors: Josephina G. Kuiper, Myrthe P. P. van Herk-Sukel, Valery E. P. P. Lemmens, Ernst J. Kuipers and Ron M. C. Herings

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:121

    Content type: Research

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  39. With an ageing population and an increase in chronic disease burden in Australia, Patient Centred Medical Home (PCMH) models of care have been identified as potential options for primary care reform and improv...

    Authors: Christine Metusela, Bridget Dijkmans-Hadley, Judy Mullan, Andrew Gow and Andrew Bonney

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:120

    Content type: Research article

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  40. High demands create pressure on acute care services, such as emergency medical services (EMS), emergency departments (ED) and out-of-hours primary care (OOH-PC) services. A variety of patient- and organisation...

    Authors: Ellen Keizer, Oliver Senn, Morten Bondo Christensen and Linda Huibers

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:119

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Therapeutic inertia (TI), defined as physicians’ failure to increase therapy when treatment goals are unmet, is an impediment to chronic disease management. This study aimed to identify the prevalence of TI in...

    Authors: FU Leung Chan, Yim Chu Li and Xiao Rui Catherine Chen

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:118

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The family doctors’ contract service problem is not about government management alone, but an interaction of a complex social environment. Consequently, the effect of contracted services of family doctors not ...

    Authors: Xinglong Xu, Henry Asante Antwi, Lulin Zhou, Tehzeeb Mustafa and Ama Boafo-Arthur

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:117

    Content type: Research article

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  43. The use of point-of-care ultrasonography (POCUS) performed by general practitioners (GPs) in primary care settings is increasing. Previous studies have focused on GP-reported outcomes and little is known about...

    Authors: Camilla Aakjær Andersen, John Brodersen, Torsten Rahbek Rudbæk and Martin Bach Jensen

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:116

    Content type: Research

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  44. The completion rate of Advance Directives (ADs) has been low. This study aims to examine the effectiveness of two interventions 1) active counseling sessions coupled with passive patient education pamphlets, a...

    Authors: Cunzhi Xu, Shi Yan, Jade Chee, Emily Pui-Yan Lee, Han Wei Lim, Sarah Woon Ching Lim and Lian Leng Low

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:115

    Content type: Research

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  45. Hypoglycaemia is a common and potentially avoidable adverse event in people with type 2 diabetes (T2D). It can reduce quality of life, increase healthcare costs, and reduce treatment success. We investigated s...

    Authors: Stijn Crutzen, Tessa van den Born-Bondt, Petra Denig and Katja Taxis

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:114

    Content type: Research

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