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  1. Redundant use of diagnostic tests in primary care has shown to be a contributor to rising Dutch healthcare costs. A price display in the test ordering system of the electronic health records (EHRs) could poten...

    Authors: Dennis M. J. Muris, Max Molenaers, Trang Nguyen, Paul W. M. P. Bergmans, Bernadette A. C. van Acker, Mariëlle M. E. Krekels and Jochen W. L. Cals

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:242

    Content type: Research

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  2. Heavy drinking causes serious harm, not only to the drinker but also to relationships and concerned significant others (CSOs). Community Reinforcement and Family Training (CRAFT) is an intervention developed t...

    Authors: Rikke Hellum, Randi Bilberg, Gallus Bischof and Anette Søgaard Nielsen

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:241

    Content type: Research

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  3. An early appropriate response is the cornerstone of treatment for invasive meningococcal disease. Little evidence exists on how cases with invasive meningococcal disease present at first contact to emergency m...

    Authors: Nichlas Hovmand, Helle Collatz Christensen, Lene Fogt Lundbo, Håkon Sandholdt, Gitte Kronborg, Perle Darsø, Jacob Anhøj, Stig Nikolaj Fasmer Blomberg, Asmus Thun Bisgaard and Thomas Benfield

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:240

    Content type: Research

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  4. Despite recent incentives through Medicare (Australia’s universal health insurance scheme) to increase retinal screening rates in primary care, comprehensive diabetic retinopathy (DR) screening has not been re...

    Authors: Matthew J. G. Watson, Peter J. McCluskey, John R. Grigg, Yogesan Kanagasingam, Judith Daire and Mohamed Estai

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:239

    Content type: Research

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  5. Patients with multimorbidity (here defined as three or more chronic conditions) require constant treatment and care. Furthermore, they have to manage their health and diseases in daily life. Offering support t...

    Authors: Amanda Breckner, Catharina Roth, Katharina Glassen and Michel Wensing

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:238

    Content type: Research

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  6. Primary care practices have remained on the frontline of health care service delivery throughout the COVID-19 pandemic. The purpose of our study was to understand the early pandemic experience of primary care ...

    Authors: Stephanie L. Albert, Margaret M. Paul, Ann M. Nguyen, Donna R. Shelley and Carolyn A. Berry

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:237

    Content type: Research

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  7. Canadians are known to be frequent users of emergency department (ED) care. However, the exchange of information from ED visits to family physicians (FPs) is not well known. Our objectives were to determine wh...

    Authors: Liisa Jaakkimainen, Hannah Chung, Hong Lu, Bogdan Pinzaru and Elisa Candido

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:235

    Content type: Research

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  8. As treatments for cancer have improved, more people are surviving cancer. However, compared to people without a history of cancer, cancer survivors are more likely to die of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Incre...

    Authors: Leah L. Zullig, Mohammad Shahsahebi, Benjamin Neely, Terry Hyslop, Renee A. V. Avecilla, Brittany M. Griffin, Kacey Clayton-Stiglbauer, Theresa Coles, Lynda Owen, Bryce B. Reeve, Kevin Shah, Rebecca A. Shelby, Linda Sutton, Michaela A. Dinan, S. Yousuf Zafar, Nishant P. Shah…

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:234

    Content type: Study protocol

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  9. Little is known about how patients with low socioeconomic status (SES) experience their chronic disease, and how it impacts health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Compared to their more affluent counterparts,...

    Authors: Lisa Van Wilder, Peter Pype, Fien Mertens, Elke Rammant, Els Clays, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Pauline Boeckxstaens and Delphine De Smedt

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:233

    Content type: Research

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  10. In the Netherlands, euthanasia has been regulated by law since 2002. In the past decade, a growing number of persons with dementia requested for euthanasia, and more requests were granted. A euthanasia request...

    Authors: Jaap Schuurmans, Chantalle Crol, Boudewijn Chabot, Marcel Olde Rikkert and Yvonne Engels

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:232

    Content type: Research

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  11. In rapidly aging populations, general practitioners (GPs) are challenged in dementia care of patients with and without migration background. Uncertainties in treating dementia in migrant patients due to langua...

    Authors: Sabine Christine Jäger, Anna-Liesa Filbert, Thomas Welchowski and Birgitta Weltermann

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:231

    Content type: Research

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  12. Cancer is a major cause of illness and death, and its incidence and mortality can be reduced through effective screening. In order to improve below target screening rates in one region of Australia, the local ...

    Authors: Steven A. Trankle, Christine Metusela and Jennifer Reath

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:230

    Content type: Research

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  13. A shortage of primary care physicians has been reported in many countries. Primary care systems are diverse and the challenges leading to a decline in workforce are at times context-specific and require tailor...

    Authors: Lorainne Tudor Car, Yee Sean Teng, Jin Wei How, Nadia Nasuha Binte Mohammad Nazri, Amy Li Xian Tan, Joanne Quah, Stephen Peckham and Helen Smith

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:229

    Content type: Research

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  14. Most individuals with depression go unidentified and untreated. In 2016 the US Preventive Services Task Force released guidelines recommending universal screening in primary care to identify patients with depr...

    Authors: Briana S. Last, Alison M. Buttenheim, Anne C. Futterer, Cecilia Livesey, Jeffrey Jaeger, Rebecca E. Stewart, Megan Reilly, Matthew J. Press, Maryanne Peifer, Courtney Benjamin Wolk and Rinad S. Beidas

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:228

    Content type: Research

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  15. The number of elderly people living in the community who are limited in daily activities is increasing worldwide. This generates prolonged care, which usually falls on one family member, the family caregiver. ...

    Authors: Aya Biderman, Sara Carmel, Shimon Amar and Yaacov G. Bachner

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:227

    Content type: Research

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  16. The COVID-19 pandemic has had a negative impact on resident training in different branches and affected the physical and mental health of frontline residents adversely. This nationwide cross-sectional survey a...

    Authors: Hüsna Çevik and Mehmet Ungan

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:226

    Content type: Research

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  17. How contextual factors may influence GP decisions in real life practice is poorly understood. The authors have undertaken a scoping review of antibiotic prescribing in primary care, with a focus on the interac...

    Authors: Resha Al-Azzawi, Peder A. Halvorsen and Torsten Risør

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:225

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Follow-up care is crucial but challenging for disease management particularly in rural areas with limited healthcare resources and clinical capacity, yet few studies have been conducted from the perspective of...

    Authors: Yi Wang, Xiu-Jing Hu, Harry H. X. Wang, Hong-Yan Duan, Ying Chen, Yu-Ting Li, Zi-Lin Luo, Xin Li, Jia-Ji Wang and Stewart W. Mercer

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:224

    Content type: Research

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  19. There is a need for evidence that residency training in family medicine can benefit the care of patients in primary care in low- and middle-income countries. We tested the hypothesis that two years of residenc...

    Authors: Adelson Guaraci Jantsch, Bo Burström, Gunnar Nilsson and Antônio Ponce de Leon

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:223

    Content type: Research

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  20. Practice based research and learning networks (PBRLNs) are groups of learning communities that focus on improving delivery and quality of care. Accurate data from primary care electronic medical records (EMRs)...

    Authors: Manpreet Thandi, Sabrina T. Wong, Sylvia Aponte-Hao, Mathew Grandy, Dee Mangin, Alexander Singer and Tyler Williamson

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:220

    Content type: Research

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  21. In the UK, about 14% of community-dwelling adults aged 65 and over are estimated to be at risk of malnutrition. Screening older adults in primary care and treating those at risk may help to reduce malnutrition...

    Authors: Liz Payne, Daniela Ghio, Elisabeth Grey, Joanna Slodkowska-Barabasz, Philine Harris, Michelle Sutcliffe, Sue Green, Helen C. Roberts, Caroline Childs, Sian Robinson, Bernard Gudgin, Pam Holloway, Jo Kelly, Kathy Wallis, Oliver Dean, Paul Aveyard…

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:219

    Content type: Research

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  22. With the increasing attention for the role of General Practitioners (GPs) after cancer treatment, it is important to better understand the involvement of GPs following prostate cancer treatment. This study inv...

    Authors: Barbara M. Wollersheim, Mies van Eenbergen, Kristel M. van Asselt, Laurent M. C. L. Fossion, Evert L. Koldewijn, Jorg R. Oddens, Eric H. Oomens, Bart P. Wijsman, Lonneke V. van de Poll-Franse and Nicole P. M. Ezendam

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:218

    Content type: Research

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  23. To create an effective community-based integrated care system, interprofessional collaboration based on healthcare professionals’ mutual understanding of their respective roles must be promoted. This study aim...

    Authors: Junji Haruta, Ryohei Goto, Sachiko Ozone and Tetsuhiro Maeno

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:217

    Content type: Research

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  24. Common cold is a frequent illness in northern hemisphere between late autumn and early spring. Patients suffering from it frequently turn to pharmacists instead of physicians in order to receive medical advice...

    Authors: Malgorzata Pietrusiewicz, Paulina Natalia Kopa-Stojak and Rafal Pawliczak

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:216

    Content type: Research

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  25. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality among people living with HIV (PLWH), but statin therapy, safe and effective for PLWH, is under-prescribed. This study examined clinic le...

    Authors: Allison J. Ober, Sae Takada, Deborah Zajdman, Ivy Todd, Tamara Horwich, Abraelle Anderson, Soma Wali and Joseph A. Ladapo

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:215

    Content type: Research

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  26. Children and adolescents with overweight are known to have lower Quality of Life (QoL) compared to peers with a normal weight. QoL is a broad concept and is associated with many factors. A better understanding...

    Authors: Hevy Hassan, Winifred D. Paulis, Patrick J. E. Bindels, Bart W. Koes and Marienke van Middelkoop

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:214

    Content type: Research

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  27. Studies conducted to understand how family doctors develop resilience and deal with the challenges posed by work-related stress, usually have focused on identifying the elements that generate resilience from p...

    Authors: Roger Ruiz Moral, Diana Monge Martín, Cristina Garcia de Leonardo, Santiago Alvarez Montero and Fernando Caballero Martínez

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:213

    Content type: Research

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  28. An increasing number of countries legalise the use of medical cannabis or allow it for a narrow range of medical conditions. Physicians, and often the patients’ general practitioner, play a major role in imple...

    Authors: Sabrina Trappaud Rønne, Frederik Rosenbæk, Line Bjørnskov Pedersen, Frans Boch Waldorff, Jesper Bo Nielsen, Helle Riisgaard and Jens Søndergaard

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:212

    Content type: Research

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  29. It may take 15 years or longer before research evidence is integrated into clinical practice. This evidence-to-practice gap has deleterious effects on patients as well as research and clinical processes. Bring...

    Authors: Astrid Eich-Krohm, Bernt-Peter Robra, Yvonne Marx and Markus Herrmann

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:211

    Content type: Research

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  30. Chronic pain and insomnia have a complex, bidirectional relationship – addressing sleep complaints alongside pain may be key to alleviating patient-reported distress and disability. Healthcare professionals ha...

    Authors: V. E. J. Collard, C. Moore, V. Nichols, D. R. Ellard, S. Patel, H. Sandhu, H. Parsons, U. Sharma, M. Underwood, J. Madan and N. K. Y. Tang

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:210

    Content type: Research

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  31. Women who have had gestational diabetes during pregnancy are at very high risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life, but their understanding of the risks is often limited. In this study we explored the ...

    Authors: Josie M. M. Evans, Aileen V. Ireland, Dawn M. Cameron, Kate M. Clarke and Claire E. Eades

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:209

    Content type: Research

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  32. Polypharmacy is defined as the prescription of at least 5 different medicines for therapeutic or prophylactic effect and is a serious issue among elderly patients, who are frequently affected by multi-morbidit...

    Authors: Salvatore Crisafulli, Nicoletta Luxi, Raffaele Coppini, Annalisa Capuano, Cristina Scavone, Alessia Zinzi, Simona Vecchi, Graziano Onder, Janet Sultana and Gianluca Trifirò

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:208

    Content type: Research

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  33. Continuity of care, in particular personal continuity, is a core principle of general practice and is associated with many benefits such as a better patient-provider relationship and lower mortality. However, ...

    Authors: Lex J. J. Groot, Henk J. Schers, Jako S. Burgers, Francois G. Schellevis, Martin Smalbrugge, Annemarie A. Uijen, Peter M. van de Ven, Henriëtte E. van der Horst and Otto R. Maarsingh

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:207

    Content type: Study protocol

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  34. Central sensitization (CS) may explain the persistence of symptoms in patients with chronic pain and persistent physical symptoms (PPS). There is a need for assessing CS in the consultation room. In a recently...

    Authors: Carine den Boer, Berend Terluin, Johannes C. van der Wouden, Annette H. Blankenstein and Henriëtte E. van der Horst

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:206

    Content type: Research

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  35. Singapore’s healthcare system presents an ideal context to learn from diverse public and private operational models and funding systems.

    Authors: Huiling Guo, Zoe Jane-Lara Hildon, Victor Weng Keong Loh, Meena Sundram, Muhamad Alif Bin Ibrahim, Wern Ee Tang and Angela Chow

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:205

    Content type: Research

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  36. Timely detection and management of comorbid mental disorders in people with epilepsy is essential to improve outcomes. The objective of this study was to measure the performance of primary health care (PHC) wo...

    Authors: Ruth Tsigebrhan, Abebaw Fekadu, Girmay Medhin, Charles R. Newton, Martin J. Prince and Charlotte Hanlon

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:204

    Content type: Research

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  37. Rural residents with chronic conditions have a stronger need for health services, which should make using family doctor contract services a priority. This study aimed to evaluate the rate of willingness among ...

    Authors: Jie Li, Jie Li, Peipei Fu, Yan Chen, Xue Tang, Zhixian Li, Shijun Yang, Chen Yan, Wenjuan Li, Zhen Gui and Chengchao Zhou

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:203

    Content type: Research

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  38. The implementation of care concepts fitting the needs of patients with chronic heart failure (HF) remains challenging. In this context, psycho-emotional well-being is not routinely assessed, and under-research...

    Authors: Sigrid Boczor, Marion Eisele, Anja Rakebrandt, Agata Menzel, Eva Blozik, Jens-Martin Träder, Stefan Störk, Christoph Herrmann-Lingen and Martin Scherer

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:202

    Content type: Research

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  39. Shoulder pain is a highly prevalent condition and a significant cause of morbidity and functional disability. Current data suggests that many patients presenting with shoulder pain at the primary care level ar...

    Authors: Breda H. F. Eubank, Sebastian W. Lackey, Mel Slomp, Jason R. Werle, Colleen Kuntze and David M. Sheps

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:201

    Content type: Research

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  40. Adherence to guidelines for back pain continues to be a challenge, prompting strategies focused on improving education around biopsychosocial frameworks.

    Authors: Daniel I. Rhon, Rachel J. Mayhew, Tina A. Greenlee and Julie M. Fritz

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:200

    Content type: Research

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  41. Detecting, treating and monitoring anaemia has a functional, social and economic impact on patients’ quality of life and the health system, since inadequate monitoring can lead to more accident & emergency vis...

    Authors: Boris Trenado Luengo, Rosa García-Sierra, Maria Asunción Wilke Trinxant, Esther Díaz Mondelo, Ramon Miralles Baseda, Maria Magdalena Lladó Blanch, Maria del Pilar Montero Alia and Pere Toran-Monserrat

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:199

    Content type: Study protocol

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  42. The patient-oriented and need-based care of multi-morbid patients with healthcare services and assistive products can be a highly complex task for the general practitioners (GPs). An algorithm-based digital recom...

    Authors: Peggy Borchers, Steve Piller, Mandy Böhme, Karen Voigt and Antje Bergmann

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:198

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Osteopathy is a type of complementary medicine based on specific manual techniques. In many countries, including Germany, the profession is not officially regulated, and evidence for the effectiveness of osteo...

    Authors: Gordian L. Schmid, Jeremias Kluge, Tobias Deutsch, Anne-Kathrin Geier, Markus Bleckwenn, Susanne Unverzagt and Thomas Frese

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:197

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  44. With increasing interest in direct access to physiotherapy, it is important to consider the physiotherapists (PTs) ability to make correct management decisions, because identification of differential diagnosti...

    Authors: Cecilie Rud Budtz, Helle Rønn-Smidt, Janus Nikolaj Laust Thomsen, Rikke Pilegaard Hansen and David Høyrup Christiansen

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:196

    Content type: Research

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  45. Although general practitioners (GPs) are generally considered as the first point of contact for care, this may be different for persons with complex conditions, such as those with spinal cord injury (SCI). The...

    Authors: Dima Touhami, Mirjam Brach, Stefan Essig, Elias Ronca, Isabelle Debecker, Inge Eriks-Hoogland, Anke Scheel-Sailer, Nadja Münzel and Armin Gemperli

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:195

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. Poverty has a significant influence on health. Efforts to optimize income and reduce poverty could make a difference to the lives of patients and their families. Routine screening for poverty in primary care i...

    Authors: Kimberly Wintemute, Meh Noor, Aashka Bhatt, Gary Bloch, Suja Arackal, Sumeet Kalia, Babak Aliarzadeh, Sabrina La Tona, Joyce Lo, Andrew D. Pinto and Michelle Greiver

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:194

    Content type: Research article

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