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  1. Evidence-based guidelines include concrete treatment targets that can be used as process and outcome indicators in the evaluation of the quality of healthcare services and diabetes care. Quality improvement ca...

    Authors: Marja-Leena Lamidi, Katja Wikström, Laura Inglin, Päivi Rautiainen, Hilkka Tirkkonen and Tiina Laatikainen

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:253

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Primary health care (PHC) in Ethiopia serves as the main entry point for preventive, promotive and curative health services. The district health office is responsible for the planning, implementation and evalu...

    Authors: Binyam Fekadu Desta, Azeb Abitew, Ismael Ali Beshir, Mesele Damte Argaw and Sualiha Abdlkader

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:252

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Combating the COVID-19 pandemic is a major challenge for health systems, citizens and policy makers worldwide. Early detection of affected patients within the large and heterogeneous group of patients with com...

    Authors: Johannes Just, Marie-Therese Puth, Felix Regenold, Klaus Weckbecker and Markus Bleckwenn

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:251

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The aim of the study was to explore practitioner-patient interactions and patient responses when using QRISK®2 or JBS3 cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk calculators. Data were from video-recorded NHS Health Ch...

    Authors: Victoria Riley, Naomi J. Ellis, Lisa Cowap, Sarah Grogan, Elizabeth Cottrell, Diane Crone, Ruth Chambers, David Clark-Carter, Sophia Fedorowicz and Christopher Gidlow

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:250

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Liver cancer rates are rising and hepatitis C virus (HCV) is the primary cause. The CDC recommends a one-time HCV screening for all persons born 1945–1965 (baby boomers). However, 14% of baby boomers have been...

    Authors: Monica L. Kasting, Julie Rathwell, Kaitlyn M. Gabhart, Jennifer Garcia, Richard G. Roetzheim, Olveen Carrasquillo, Anna R. Giuliano and Susan T. Vadaparampil

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:248

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Telemedicine has been a popular tool to overcome the lack of access to healthcare facilities, primarily in underprivileged populations. We aimed to describe and assess the implementation of a tele-electrocardi...

    Authors: Idar Mappangara, Andriany Qanitha, Cuno S. P. M. Uiterwaal, Jose P. S. Henriques and Bastianus A. J. M. de Mol

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:247

    Content type: Research article

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  7. General practitioners (GPs) are the foundation of any primary healthcare system. Their quality and quantity are directly associated with the effectiveness and quality of the health services of a nation. GPs’ s...

    Authors: Xing Shen, Heng Jiang, Hongbin Xu, Jun Ye, Chuanzhu Lv, Zuxun Lu and Yong Gan

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:246

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Clinician utilization of practice guidelines can reduce inappropriate opioid prescribing and harm in chronic non-cancer pain; yet, implementation of “opioid guidelines” is subpar. We hypothesized that a multi-...

    Authors: Aleksandra E. Zgierska, James M. Robinson, Robert P. Lennon, Paul D. Smith, Kate Nisbet, Mary W. Ales, Deanne Boss, Wen-Jan Tuan, Regina M. Vidaver and David L. Hahn

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:245

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The expansion of community pharmacy services is one solution to relieve pressure on general practice in the United Kingdom (UK). There is a paucity of research of general practitioners’ (GPs’) perspectives of ...

    Authors: M. Watson, K. Silver and R. Watkins

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:244

    Content type: Research article

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  10. People with severe mental illness experience physical health significantly worse than the general population. Physical health monitoring is shared between primary care and secondary mental healthcare services,...

    Authors: Joseph Butler, Simone de Cassan, Phil Turner, Belinda Lennox, Gail Hayward and Margaret Glogowska

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:243

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Indonesia has the highest maternal mortality rate in South East Asia, that a third of the mortality is caused by hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP), including preeclampsia and eclampsia. Research sugges...

    Authors: Fitriana Murriya Ekawati, Ova Emilia, Jane Gunn, Sharon Licqurish and Phyllis Lau

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:242

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Digital consultation with primary care physicians via mobile telephone apps has been spreading rapidly in Sweden since 2014. Digital consultation allows remote working because physicians can work from home, ou...

    Authors: Hanna Fernemark, Janna Skagerström, Ida Seing, Carin Ericsson and Per Nilsen

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:241

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Shared care is the preferred model for long-term survivorship care by cancer survivors, general practitioners and specialists. However, survivorship care remains specialist-led. A risk-stratified approach has ...

    Authors: Kylie Vuong, Kerry Uebel, Maria Agaliotis, Stella Jun, Jane Taggart, Sue Suchy, Winston Liauw, Melvin Chin, Kate Webber and Mark Harris

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:240

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Families of children with rare diseases (i.e., not more than 5 out of 10,000 people are affected) are often highly burdened with fears, insecurities and concerns regarding the affected child and its siblings. ...

    Authors: Johannes Boettcher, Bonnie Filter, Jonas Denecke, Amra Hot, Anne Daubmann, Antonia Zapf, Karl Wegscheider, Jan Zeidler, J.-Matthias Graf von der Schulenburg, Monika Bullinger, Miriam Rassenhofer, Michael Schulte-Markwort and Silke Wiegand-Grefe

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:239

    Content type: Study protocol

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  15. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is an emerging novel cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factor. It’s prevalence is increasing globally. However, there is paucity in the evidence showing the associatio...

    Authors: Hayatul Najaa Miptah, Anis Safura Ramli, Mariam Mohamad, Hilwati Hashim and Zahirah Tharek

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:238

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is one of the most common mental disorders in primary care (PC). GAD has low remission and high relapse rates over long follow-up periods. Qualitative evidence was synthesize...

    Authors: Ana Toledo-Chávarri, Vanesa Ramos-García, Alezandra Torres-Castaño, María M Trujillo-Martín, Wenceslao Peñate Castro, Isabel Del Cura-Castro, Pedro Serrano-Aguilar and Lilisbeth Perestelo-Pérez

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:237

    Content type: Research article

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  17. CT Imaging is often requested for patients with low back pain (LBP) by their general practitioners. It is currently unknown what reasons are common for these referrals and if CT images are ordered according to...

    Authors: Gabrielle S. Logan, Russell Eric Dawe, Kris Aubrey-Bassler, Danielle Coombs, Patrick Parfrey, Chris Maher, Holly Etchegary and Amanda Hall

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:236

    Content type: Research article

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  18. General practitioners (GPs) in Norway increasingly use spirometry diagnostically as well as in follow up of patients with respiratory complaints, but little is known about their skills and knowledge in this ar...

    Authors: Mette C. Tollånes, Geir E. Sjaastad, Bernt B. Aarli and Sverre Sandberg

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:235

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Meta-analyses suggest that collaborative care (CC) improves symptoms of depression and anxiety. In CC, a care manager collaborates with a general practitioner (GP) to provide evidence-based care. Most CC resea...

    Authors: Nadja Kehler Curth, Ursula Ødum Brinck-Claussen, Carsten Hjorthøj, Annette Sofie Davidsen, John Hagel Mikkelsen, Marianne Engelbrecht Lau, Merete Lundsteen, Claudio Csillag, Kaj Sparle Christensen, Marie Jakobsen, Anders Bo Bojesen, Merete Nordentoft and Lene Falgaard Eplov

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:234

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Multimorbidity, the co-existence of two or more chronic conditions in an individual, is present in most patients over 65 years. Primary health care (PHC) is uniquely positioned to provide the holistic and cont...

    Authors: Joel Freilich, Gunnar H. Nilsson, Mirjam Ekstedt and Maria Flink

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:233

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Previous studies have reported that organizational structures and cultures in primary health care are obstacles to district nurses doing successful work in health promotion practice (HPP). Because organization...

    Authors: Kristina Lundberg, Mats Jong, Miek C. Jong and Lisbeth Porskrog Kristiansen

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:232

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are one of the most common infections in primary care. Previous research showed that GPs find it challenging to diagnose UTIs and frequently divert from guidelines leading to un...

    Authors: Michelle Spek, Jochen W. L. Cals, Guy J. Oudhuis, Paul H. M. Savelkoul and Eefje G. P. M. de Bont

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:231

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services (ACCHSs) play a critical role in providing culturally appropriate, accessible primary healthcare (PHC) for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples in Austr...

    Authors: Crystal Jongen, Sandra Campbell, Janya McCalman, Ruth Fagan, Kingsley Pearson and Suzanne Andrews

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:230

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Physical activity (PA) counselling is an effective approach to promote PA in primary health care (PHC). Barriers to PA counselling in PHC include time constraints, lack of knowledge and skills of providers, an...

    Authors: Apichai Wattanapisit, Titiporn Tuangratananon and Sanhapan Wattanapisit

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:229

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Prevention programs for cardiometabolic diseases (CMD), including cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease are feasible, but evidence for the cost-effectiveness of selective CMD pre...

    Authors: Ilse F. Badenbroek, Marcus M. J. Nielen, Monika Hollander, Daphne M. Stol, Roderik A. Kraaijenhagen, Niek J. de Wit and François G. Schellevis

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:228

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Chronic illnesses are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality and threaten the sustainability of healthcare systems worldwide. There is limited evidence in terms of the best modality and intensity of phys...

    Authors: María Soledad Arietaleanizbeaskoa, Aintzane Sancho, Iñigo Olazabal, Concepcion Moreno, Erreka Gil, Arturo Garcia-Alvarez, Nere Mendizabal, Ibon de la Fuente, Silvia Dominguez, Susana Pablo and Gonzalo Grandes

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:227

    Content type: Study protocol

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  27. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Meenal Patel, Kirsty James, Rona Moss-Morris, Mark Ashworth, Mujtaba Husain, Matthew Hotopf, Anthony S. David, Paul McCrone, Sabine Landau and Trudie Chalder

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:226

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Family Practice 2020 21:207

  28. In the aging population, chronic diseases and multimorbidity are common. Therefore, it is important to engage patients in their self-care. The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between activity...

    Authors: Nina Tusa, Hannu Kautiainen, Pia Elfving, Sanna Sinikallio and Pekka Mäntyselkä

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:225

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is underdiagnosed in the UK and the assessment and diagnosis pathway often involves a general practitioner (GP) referral to secondary care services. GPs’ levels ...

    Authors: B. French, D. Daley, E. Perez Vallejos, K. Sayal and C. L. Hall

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:224

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The objective of this study was to investigate factors associated with substance use disorder identification and follow-up rates among samples of members of a private health insurance plan.

    Authors: John G. Baker, David R. Doxbeck, Melanie E. Washington, Angela Horton and Adam Dunning

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:223

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Most French people (71%) would like to die at home, but only one out of four actually do. While the difficulties inherent in the practice of home-based palliative care are well described, few studies highlight...

    Authors: Carol-Anne Boudy, Tiphanie Bouchez, Didier Caprini, Isabelle Pourrat, Stéphane Munck and Adriaan Barbaroux

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:222

    Content type: Research article

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  32. In primary care there is a need for more quality measures of person-centered outcomes, especially ones applicable to patients with multiple chronic conditions (MCCs). The aim of this study was to derive and va...

    Authors: David T. Eton, Mark Linzer, Deborah H. Boehm, Catherine E. Vanderboom, Elizabeth A. Rogers, Marlene H. Frost, Mike Wambua, Miamoua Vang, Sara Poplau, Minji K. Lee and Roger T. Anderson

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:221

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Young people (12–24 years) visit general practice but may not have a ‘regular’ general practitioner (GP). Whether continuity of GP care influences experiences with, and barriers to, health care among young peo...

    Authors: Melissa Kang, Fiona Robards, Georgina Luscombe, Lena Sanci and Tim Usherwood

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:220

    Content type: Research article

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  34. There has been great shortage of primary care physicians (PCPs) in China, especially in western areas. Job satisfaction plays a great role in retaining people. The aim of this study is to investigate the job s...

    Authors: Zhuo Zhang, Guoshuai Shi, Lingui Li and Ying Bian

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:219

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Family doctor contract service is an important service item in China’s primary care reform. This research was designed to evaluate the impact of the provision of family doctor contract services on the patient-...

    Authors: Shanshan Feng, Aiyun Cheng, Zhenni Luo, Yao Xiao and Luwen Zhang

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:218

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Reducing ambulatory sensitive hospitalisations (ASHs) is a strategy to control spending on hospital care and to improve quality of primary health care. This research investigated whether ASH rates in older peo...

    Authors: Leah Palapar, Laura Wilkinson-Meyers, Thomas Lumley and Ngaire Kerse

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:217

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Imbalance in distribution of Health Care Workers (HCWs) in a country is a global challenge. Almost all of the rural and underdeveloped areas are struggling with the shortage of HCWs, especially physicians. The...

    Authors: Nasrin Mohammadiaghdam, Leila Doshmangir, Javad Babaie, Roghayeh Khabiri and Koen Ponnet

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:216

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Most patients with destructive bone lesions undergo a comprehensive diagnostic procedure to ensure that proper treatment decisions are pursued. For patients with multiple myeloma, this can lead to delays in di...

    Authors: Phichayut Phinyo, Titinat Maihom, Areerak Phanphaisarn, Pakorn Kerdsinchai, Ekarat Rattarittamrong, Jayanton Patumanond and Dumnoensun Pruksakorn

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:215

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Capacity-building of health professionals regarding to nutrition is a strategy for qualifying public health work to promote healthy diets in primary health care (PHC) services.

    Authors: C. R. Tramontt and P. C. Jaime

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:214

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Providing older persons with information about their health status may increase their involvement in their own health and enhance self-management. However, we need a better understanding of how older persons v...

    Authors: Sophie C. E. van Blijswijk, Lisa S. van Tol, Jeanet W. Blom, Wendy P. J. den Elzen and Jacobijn Gussekloo

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:213

    Content type: Research article

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  41. A Primary Care Model Programme was implemented in Hungary between 2013 and 2017 in order to increase access of disadvantaged population groups to primary care and to offer new preventive services for all clien...

    Authors: Cintia Katona, Éva Gutási, Magor Papp, Orsolya Varga and Karolina Kósa

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:212

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Female urinary incontinence is underdiagnosed and undertreated in primary care. There is little evidence on factors that determine whether women with urinary incontinence are referred to specialist services. T...

    Authors: Ipek Gurol-Urganci, Rebecca S. Geary, Jil B. Mamza, Masao Iwagami, Dina El-Hamamsy, Jonathan Duckett, Andrew Wilson, Douglas Tincello and Jan van der Meulen

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:211

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Clinical guidelines are integral to a general practitioner’s decision to refer a paediatric patient to emergency care. The influence of non-clinical factors must also be considered. This review explores the no...

    Authors: Ciara Conlon, Emma Nicholson, Beatriz Rodríguez-Martin, Roisin O’Donovan, Aoife De Brún, Thérѐse McDonnell, Gerard Bury and Eilish McAuliffe

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:210

    Content type: Research article

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  44. The Family Practice Integrated Care Project (FPICP) is a team-based program in Taiwan initiated in 2003. This study investigates the influence of FPICP on the quality of diabetes care.

    Authors: Jerry Che-Jui Chang, Shinn-Jang Hwang, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Tai-Yuan Chiu, Hsiao-Yu Yang, Yu-Chun Chen, Cheng-Kuo Huang and Chyi-Feng Jan

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:209

    Content type: Research article

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  45. To analyse the impact of the COVID-19 epidemic and the lockdown measures on the follow-up and control of chronic diseases in primary care.

    Authors: Ermengol Coma, Núria Mora, Leonardo Méndez, Mència Benítez, Eduardo Hermosilla, Mireia Fàbregas, Francesc Fina, Albert Mercadé, Souhel Flayeh, Carolina Guiriguet, Elisabet Balló, Nuria Martinez Leon, Ariadna Mas, Sílvia Cordomí, Yolanda Lejardi and Manuel Medina

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:208

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Patients continue to suffer from medically unexplained symptoms otherwise referred to as persistent physical symptoms (PPS). General practitioners (GPs) play a key role in the management of PPS and require fur...

    Authors: Meenal Patel, Kirsty James, Rona Moss-Morris, Mark Ashworth, Mujtaba Husain, Matthew Hotopf, Anthony S. David, Paul McCrone, Sabine Landau and Trudie Chalder

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:207

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Family Practice 2020 21:226

  47. New Zealand (NZ) has high rates of colorectal cancer but low rates of early diagnosis. Due to a lack of understanding of the pre-diagnostic experience from the patient’s perspective, it is necessary to investi...

    Authors: Tania Blackmore, Kimberley Norman, Jacquie Kidd, Shemana Cassim, Lynne Chepulis, Rawiri Keenan, Melissa Firth, Christopher Jackson, Tim Stokes, David Weller, Jon Emery and Ross Lawrenson

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:206

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  48. A key component of the 2009 medical reform in China was the change to family doctor (FD) policy practice. However, this led to an increased workload for primary health-care workers (PHCWs) at community health ...

    Authors: Jiaoling Huang, Xin Gong, Qing Gu, Rui Liu, Jianwei Shi, Wenya Yu, Ping Zu, Xiaojun Ma, Jie Lin, Jin Sun, Yonghua Yang and Zhaoxin Wang

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:205

    Content type: Research article

    Published on: