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Table 1 Self-reported engagement in lifestyle changes and association1 with sociodemographic variables among individuals ≥35 years in South Australia in 2017 (N = 2384)

From: Patient-reported GP health assessments rather than individual cardiovascular risk burden are associated with the engagement in lifestyle changes: population-based survey in South Australia

 %Increasing fruit and vegetable intakeIncreasing physical activity levelReducing alcohol consumptionaTried to quit smokingb
Overall
(95% CI)
 33.6%
(31.2–36.1)
40.9%
(38.4–43.4)
31.1%
(28.3–33.9)
34.0%
(29.1–39.3)
Sex ** * 
 Male48.129.838.733.938.2
 Female51.937.243.028.030.0
Age group *****  
 35–49 years32.738.042.931.434.0
 50–64 years35.336.844.732.229.3
 65–79 years25.227.438.331.353.5
  ≥ 80 years6.817.618.718.958.4
Marital status
 Married72.733.040.230.437.4
 Unmarried27.435.742.433.131.0
Residence area   *** 
 Urban72.833.540.827.935.9
 Rural27.234.141.140.132.4
Educational level **  
 Bachelor or higher25.431.842.829.122.3
 Trade qualification13.131.535.532.435.9
 Certificate/diploma27.136.145.332.345.2
 Secondary22.337.939.133.027.5
 Less than secondary12.225.635.426.336.5
Working status
 Employed full time32.935.844.434.431.0
 Employed part time18.436.837.029.939.8
 Not working16.629.838.432.843.1
 Retired32.131.140.926.524.6
Dwelling  **  
 Owner76.734.640.530.734.4
 Rented privately15.331.747.430.537.0
 Government/community housing8.028.031.136.731.6
Socioeconomic position
 Highest18.735.436.335.823.5
 High22.033.940.026.737.1
 Middle19.031.743.530.131.1
 Low16.429.038.929.939.9
 Lowest23.937.045.232.934.8
  1. P-value * < 0.05; ** < 0.01; *** < 0.001
  2. 1 Results considering mutual adjustment between all sociodemographic variables and mental health status. Maximum likelihood estimates (pseudolikelihood log) values for the full models: increasing fruit and vegetable intake = − 1257.6; increasing physical activity level = − 1339.7; reducing alcohol consumption = − 983.5; tried to quit smoking = − 223.5
  3. a Results for the 1881 individuals that consumed alcohol in the last 12 months
  4. b Results for the 409 individuals that smoked in the last 12 months