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Table 2 Characteristics of included studies in the primary care setting

From: Shared medical appointments and patient-centered experience: a mixed-methods systematic review

Study characteristics N studies (participants)
Diabetes HTN MCC Pregnancy
No. of studies, by medical condition 10 (1881) 2 (1262) 3 (645) 11 (2010)
Country
 United States 4 (426) 1 (58) 2 (616) 6 (926)
 Canada 0 0 1 (29) 2 (21)
 Europe (Italy, Sweden) 6 (1455) 0 0 2 (435)
 Middle East (Iran) 0 0 0 1 (628)
 Asia (China) 0 1 (1204) 0 0
Healthcare system
 Govt (VA, FQHC, NHS, PHD) 3 (362) 2 (1262) 1 (29) 8 (1908)
 Private (HMO, MCO) 1 (120) 0 2 (616) 3 (102)
 University-affiliated clinic 6 (1399) 0 0 0
Healthcare payment model
 Public (Medicaid, Medicare, govt funded) 8 (1575) 2 (1262) 3 (645) 8 (1908)
 Private (fee-for-service, managed care) 0 0 0 3 (102)
 Uninsured /underinsured 2 (306) 0 0 0
Study design
 Randomized controlled trial 9 (1848) 1 (1204) 2 (616) 4 (1591)
 Non-randomized controlled trial 0 0 0 1 (268)
 Observational / interviews / focus groups 1 (33) 1 (58) 1 (29) 5 (122)
 Mixed methods 0 0 0 1 (29)
Sites
 Single 9 (1066) 1 (58) 1 (321) 4 (84)
 Multisite 1 (815) 1 (1204) 2 (324) 7 (1926)
Study duration
  < 6 months 1 (87) 1 (1204) 0 0
 6 months 1 (120) 1 (58) 0 0
 7 to 11 months 0 0 0 11 (2010)
 12 to 18 months 2(219) 0 2 (350) 0
 24 months 3 (1169) 0 1 (295) 0
  > 2 years 3 (286) 0 0 0
  1. Abbreviations: FQHC Federally qualified health center, HMO Health maintenance organization, HTN Hypertension, MCC Multiple chronic conditions, MCO Managed care organization, NHS National health service, PHD Public health district, VA Veterans Administration