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Table 2 The prevalence of positive urine cultures according to decision aid criteria and management recommendations

From: External validation study of a clinical decision aid to reduce unnecessary antibiotic prescriptions in women with acute cystitis

  Negative Cultures Positive Cultures Total
1. Number of Cystitis Decision Aid Criteria*
 0 12 (70.6%) 5 (29.4%) 17 (100%)
 1 42 (52.5%) 38 (47.5%) 80 (100%)
 2 76 (36.9%) 130 (63.1%) 206 (100%)
 3 22 (23.4%) 72 (76.6%) 94 (100%)
  Total 152 (38.3%) 245 (61.7%) 397 (100%)
2. Cystitis Decision Management Categories*
 No antibiotic, culture (0,1 criteria) 54 (55.7%) 43 (44.3%) 97 (100%)
 Antibiotic (2,3 criteria) 98 (32.7%) 202 (67.3%) 300 (100%)
  Total 152 (38.3%) 245 (61.7%) 397 (100%)
  1. *p < 0.0002, Pearson chi-square test adjusted for physician clustering
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