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Table 4 Comparison of main features related to cramps in people aged 60 and older

From: Prevalence of cramps in patients over the age of 60 in primary care : a cross sectional study

Characteristics Occurrence in patients with cramps n = 236 (%) Occurrence in patients without cramps (comparative sample) n = 185 (%) P
Medical condition
 Hypertension 153 (65) 128 (69) 0.35
 Diabetes 46 (19) 31 (17) 0.47
 Venous insufficiency 71 (30) 6 (3) <0.001
 Peripheral arteriopathy 37 (16) 4 (2) <0.001
 Hypothyroidism 24 (10) 12 (6) 0.18
 Restless leg Syndrome 16 (7) 0 (0) <0.001
 Peripheral neuropathy 10 (4) 4 (2) 0.24
 Severe to terminal renal insufficiency 9 (4) 8 (4) 0.79
Current drug treatment
 Anti hypertensive 151 (64) 123 (66) 0.59
Thiazides 67 (28) 53 (29) 0.95
ACE/ARBsa 114 (48) 87 (47) 0.79
Beta-blockers 72 (30) 53 (29) 0.75
Calcium Channel Blockers 59 (25) 40 (22) 0.41
Loop diuretics 22 (9) 9 (5) 0.08
Potassium Spare Diuretics 21 (9) 12 (6) 0.36
Central-acting agents 8 (4) 5 (3) 0.65
 Lipid-lowering 111 (47) 74 (40) 0.14
statin 104 (44) 72 (38) 0.28
fibrates 7 (3) 2 (1) 0,18
 Beta-mimetics 21 (9) 10 (5) 0.17
 Quinine 8 (3) NC  
Localization
 Calves 190 (80) NC NC
 Thigh 72 (30) NC NC
 Feet 36 (15) NC NC
 Others 4 (2) NC NC
  1. aAngiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/Angiotensin receptor blockers