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Table 2 Composite scores of process quality dimensions by country by mean and standard deviation

From: Process quality indicators in family medicine: results of an international comparison

Country Continuity of care Coordination of care Community orientation Comprehensiveness of care
Europe
Austria −0.149 (0.465) −0.468 (0.524) 0.066 (0.905) 0.126 (0.589)
Belgium 0.170 (0.427) −0.339 (0.563) −0.017 (0.888) 0.001 (0.402)
Bulgaria −0.401 (0.605) 0.106 (0.637) 0.050 (0.927) −0.237 (0.492)
Cyprus −0.678 (0.669) 0.441 (0.506) −1.284 (1.685) −0.827 (0.464)
Czech Republic 0.282 (0.321) −0.398 (0.453) −0.050 (0.813) −0.766 (0.404)
Denmark 0.288 (0.377) −0.649 (0.387) −0.058 (0.840) 0.423 (0.311)
England 0.513 (0.225) 0.561 (0.475) 0.204 (0.854) 0.692 (0.409)
Estonia −0.158 (0.451) −0.149 (0.480) −1.159 (1.293) −0.184 (0.342)
Finland 0.075 (0.433) 1.034 (0.511) 0.051 (0.706) 0.372 (0.522)
Germany 0.371 (0.316) −0.574 (0.468) −0.364 (0.917) 0.263 (0.391)
Greece −1.085 (0.905) 0.194 (0.542) 0.325 (1.011) 0.045 (0.590)
Hungary 0.066 (0.467) −0.276 (0.437) −0.728 (1.635) −0.440 (0.462)
Iceland −0.139 (0.373) 0.702 (0.532) 0.191 (0.734) 0.093 (0.468)
Ireland 0.197 (0.328) −0.026 (0.453) −0.055 (0.855) 0.476 (0.424)
Italy −0.394 (0.534) −0.617 (0.546) 0.304 (0.819) −0.601 (0.359)
Latvia −0.020 (0.516) 0.175 (0.509) −0.326 (1.105) −0.410 (0.413)
Lithuania −0.073 (0.436) 0.896 (0.650) 0.049 (0.987) 0.021 (0.476)
Luxembourg 0.038 (0.362) −0.537 (0.597) −0.023 (0.966) −0.303 (0.471)
Macedonia −0.221 (0.516) −0.259 (0.516) 0.083 (0.960) −0.362 (0.428)
Malta −0.840 (0.588) −0.101 (0.547) 0.085 (0.935) −0.410 (0.442)
Netherlands 0.305 (0.264) 0.657 (0.502) 0.247 (0.843) 0.574 (0.393)
Norway 0.273 (0.318) −0.019 (0.475) 0.542 (0.814) 0.627 (0.300)
Poland −0.306 (0.509) 0.211 (0.648) 0.053 (1.115) −0.546 (0.396)
Portugal 0.227 (0.433) −0.175 (0.392) −0.306 (0.978) −0.216 (0.386)
Romania −0.065 (0.502) −0.368 (0.548) 0.024 (1.285) −0.532 (0.489)
Spain 0.189 (0.456) 0.170 (0.544) 0.236 (0.761) 0.369 (0.403)
Slovakia −0.576 (0.781) −0.468 (0.485) 0.093 (1.007) −0.770 (0.528)
Slovenia 0.248 (0.323) 0.187 (0.484) 0.087 (0.847) 0.294 (0.431)
Sweden 0.317 (0.319) 0.665 (0.473) −0.258 (0.993) 0.738 (0.296)
Switzerland 0.368 (0.333) −0.367 (0.459) −0.039 (0.843) 0.490 (0.390)
Turkey −1.194 (0.617) −0.447 (0.494) 0.477 (0.868) −0.748 (0.444)
Non-European
Australia 0.363 (0.344) −0.0620 (0.527) −0.146 (0.910) 0.351 (0.418)
Canada 0.239 (0.327) 0.25 (0.659) −0.104 (0.852) 0.131 (0.465)
New Zealand 0.604 (0.199) 0.129 (0.480) 0.122 (0.736) 0.736 (0.372)
  1. Notes: Composite scores of dimensions are calculated as the mean values of standardized indicators. A positive score indicates that the average value is above the mean, and a negative score indicates below the mean. The minimum and maximum values in Table 2 are the lowest and highest scores recorded for each dimension. The range is the measure of the absolute difference between the minimum and maximum values