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Table 3 Prevalence ratiosa and 95 % CI of socio-demographic characteristics and the five symptom attributions

From: Symptom attributions in patients with colorectal cancer

  Cancer Benign somatic causes Psychological causes Lifestyle-related causes Causes beyond individual control
  Unadjusted Adjusted Unadjusted Adjusted Unadjusted Adjusted Unadjusted Adjusted Unadjusted Adjusted
Gender          
Male 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.)
Female 0.79 (0.59–1.07) 0.79 (0.80–1.51) 1.02 (0.87–1.19) 1.03 (0.79–1.33) 1.41 (1.09–1.81) 1.34 (0.95–1.84) 0.88 (0.67–1.17) 0.79 (0.56–1.13) 1.07 (0.91–1.26) 1.07 (0.82–1.39)
Age          
≤64 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.)
65+ 1.11 (0.81–1.50) 1.10 (0.80–1.51) 0.78 (0.68–0.91) 0.82 (0.63–1.06) 0.77 (0.60–1.00) 0.70 (0.50–0.98) 0.73 (0.55–0.95) 0.67 (0.47–0.95) 1.07 (0.90–1.28) 1.04 (0.79–1.37)
Marital status          
Married/cohabiting 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.)
Living alone 1.10 (0.81–1.49) 1.16 (0.84–1.59) 1.02 (0.86–1.21) 1.05 (0.79–1.39) 1.28 (0.99–1.66) 1.17 (0.83–1.65) 1.23 (0.92–1.63) 1.27 (0.88–1.83) 0.95 (0.79–1.14) 0.90 (0.67–1.21)
Education          
Low 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.)
Middle 1.10 (0.79–1.52) 1.09 (0.78–1.52) 1.43 (1.17–1.75) 1.39 (1.03–1.89) 0.78 (0.59–1.02) 0.76 (0.54–1.09) 0.82 (0.60–1.13) 0.77 (0.52–1.13) 0.94 (0.79–1.12) 0.94 (0.70–1.25)
High 1.00 (0.65–1.55) 1.01 (0.65–1.57) 1.36 (1.07–1.73) 1.30 (0.89–1.90) 0.60 (0.40–0.92) 0.57 (0.34–0.96) 1.00 (0.68–1.45) 0.91 (0.56–1.47) 0.78 (0.60–1.02) 0.780 (0.53–1.16)
Cancer site           
Colon 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.) 1 (ref.)
Rectal 1.10 (0.81–1.51) 1.05 (0.76–1.46) 1.41 (1.20–1.65) 1.34 (1.02–1.77) 0.84 (0.63–1.13) 0.83 (0.57–1.21) 0.95 (0.70–1.29) 0.84 (0.58–1.24) 0.91 (0.75–1.10) 0.92 (0.68–1.24)
  1. *Numbers in bold are significant results
  2. aAdjusted for age, gender, marital status and education