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Table 2 Factors associated with homeopathic product use in pre-school children

From: Complementary or alternative? The use of homeopathic products and antibiotics amongst pre-school children

   Unadjusted homeopathic product use Adjusted OR
Factor (survey time-point) Categories Yes No P value  
Maternal education (54 months) CSE or less 29 (1.9%) 1495 (98.1%) p < 0.0001 1.0
  Vocational 18 (2.1%) 842 (97.9%)   1.04 (0.53, 2.03)
  School O level 133 (4%) 3223 (96.0%)   1.65 (1.03, 2.64)
  A level 222 (9.7%) 2070 (90.3%)   3.63 (2.28, 5.78)
  Degree 158 (11.6%) 1209 (88.4%)   3.56 (2.20, 5.76)
Maternal age (54 months) < 19 5 (1.9%) 263 (98.1%) p < 0.0001  
  20–24 48 (3.2%) 1449 (96.8%)   
  25–29 188 (4.9%) 3688 (95.1%)   
  30–34 220 (7.3%) 2803 (92.7%)   
  35+ 118 (11.1%) 943 (88.9%)   
Housing tenure (54 months) Owner/occupied 455 (6.4%) 6612 (93.6%) p < 0.0001 1.0
  Council/Housing 29 (2.7%) 1062 (97.3%)   0.94 (0.61, 1.45)
  Assoc 53 (9.9%) 485 (90.1%)   1.71 (1.21, 2.40)
  other     
Family income per wk (54 months) <£ 100 26 (4.4%) 560 (95.6%) p < 0.0001 *
  £ 100–£ 199 55 (4.6%) 1151 (95.4%)   
  £ 200–£ 299 103 (4.9%) 2004 (95.1%)   
  £ 300–£ 399 115 (6.4%) 1690 (93.6%)   
  £ 400+ 192 (8.4%) 2105 (91.6%)   
Maternal smoking cigarettes per day (47 months) None 427 (6.3%) 6327 (93.7%) p < 0.0001 *
  1–9 52 (9.7%) 482 (90.3%)   
  10+ 50 (3.7%) 1311 (96.3%)   
Maternal anxiety (47 months) Yes 156 (7.4%) 1956 (92.6%) p = 0.004 *
  No 384 (5.7%) 6366 (94.3%)   
Child's fruit/veg consumption score (54 months) 1 22 (4.5%) 472 (95.5%) p = 0.006 *
  2 69 (4.5%) 1450 (95.5%)   
  3 188 (5.9%) 3011 (94.1%)   
  4 284 (6.8%) 3905 (93.2%)   
Hrs spent watching tv daily (54 months) <1 214 (8.9%) 2178 (91.1%) p < 0.0001 *
  1–2 230 (5.9%) 3688 (94.1%)   
  2+ 115 (3.7%) 2958 (96.3%)   
Child had vitamins since 3 years of age (54 months) Yes 364 (10.5%) 3119 (89.5%) p < 0.0001 2.55 (2.09, 3.11)
  No 215 (3.5%) 5993 (96.5%)   
Child's general health (42 months) Very healthy 246 (4.7%) 8143 (95.3%) p < 0.0001 *
  Sometimes ill/never well 290 (7.8%) 272 (92.2%)   
Food allergies (42 months) Yes 83 (12%) 607 (88.0%) p < 0.0001 2.07 (1.55, 2.76)
  No 496 (5.5%) 8539 (94.5%)   
Wheeze (42 months) Yes 111 (8%) 1283 (92.0%) p = 0.001 1.32 (1.03, 1.71)
  No 430 (5.6%) 7212 (94.4%)   
Earache (42 months) Yes 198 (7%) 2620 (93.0%) p = 0.005 *
  No 343 (5.5%) 5875 (94.5%)   
High temperature (42 months) Yes 364 (6.4%) 5349 (93.6%) p = 0.044 *
  No 177 (5.3%) 3146 (94.7%)   
Dry itchy rash in joints (42 months) Yes 154 (7.5%) 1893 (92.5%) p = 0.001 *
  No 382 (5.5%) 6544 (94.5%)   
Mum has no confidence in doctors (54 months) Feels exactly/often feels 57 (8.6%) 606 (91.4%) p < 0.0001 1.54 (1.26, 1.89)
  Sometimes feels 233 (7.8%) 2740 (92.2%)   1.81 (1.30, 2.45)
  Never feels 237 (4.7%) 4781 (95.3%)   1.00
Mum contacts GP when child ill (54 months) Always 48 (3.1%) 1503 (96.9%) p < 0.0001 1.00
  Usually 155 (5.3%) 2785 (94.7%)   1.41 (0.98, 2.04)
  Sometimes 320 (7.7%) 3833 (92.3%)   1.87 (1.32, 2.65)
  Never 12 (8.1%) 136 (91.9%)   1.64 (0.73, 3.69)
Maternal use of homeopathic products (18 weeks antenatal) Yes 82 (16.0%) 430 (84.0%) p < 0.0001 4.72 (3.45, 6.44)
  No 217 (2.4%) 8996 (97.6%)   
  1. * = factor not included in final model as p > 0.05