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Table 3 Effects of social support and depression on health-related quality of life estimated using linear regression

From: Depressive mood mediates the influence of social support on health-related quality of life in elderly, multimorbid patients

  EQ VAS (N = 3,189) EQ-5D Index (N = 3,181)
Step 1   Step 2   Step 1   Step 2  
Predictors B [95%-CI] β B [95%-CI] β B [95%-CI] β B [95%-CI] β
Social support 3.858** [2.983;4.733] 0.146** 0.438 [−0.458;1.334] 0.017 0.039** [0.028;0.050] 0.116** −0.013* [−0.024;-0.002] −0.038*
Depressive mood - - −2.383** [−2.632;-2.143] −0.341** - - −0.036** [−0.039;-0.033] −0.409**
Control variables         
  Multimorbidity −1.022** [−1.139;-0.904] −0.288** −0.830** [−0.942;-0.718] −0.234** −0.013** [−0.014;-0.011] −0.281** −0.010** [−0.011;-0.008] −0.216**
  Age −0.149* [−0.267;-0.032] −0.043* −0.096 [−0.207;0.015] −0.027 −0.002* [−0.003;0.000] −0.042* −0.001 [−0.002;0.000] −0.024
  Gender −1.797* [−3.078;-0.516] −0.049* −0.846 [−2.061;0.369] −0.023 −0.077** [−0.093;-0.061] −0.165** −0.063** [−0.078;-0.048] −0.134**
  Educational level 1.218* [0.317;2.120] 0.046* 1.424** [0.572;2.277] 0.054** 0.013* [−0.002;0.025] 0.040* 0.016** [0.006;0.027] 0.049**
  Income 0.002** [0.001;0.003] 0.077** 0.001** [0.000;0.002] 0.044** 0.000 [0.000;0.000] 0.026 0.000 [0.000;0.000] −0.013
  Living with partner −0.170 [−1.491;1.151] −0.005 −0.520 [−1.769;0.729] −0.014 −0.014 [0.030;0.003] −0.028 −0.019* [−0.035;-0.004] −0.040*
R2 (adjusted) 0.137** 0.228** 0.132** 0.264**
  1. **significant at p < 0.01.
  2. *significant at p < 0.05.
  3. EQ-5D data was missing for eight participants and these data were not imputed.
  4. B: unstandardized regression coefficient (95%-CI: 95%-confidence interval).
  5. β: standardized regression coefficient.