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Table 1 Characteristics of caregivers and patients

From: Developing a scale to measure family dynamics related to long-term care, and testing that scale in a multicenter cross-sectional study

Variables   n (%) or mean ± SD
Family   
Number of family members 2 81 (40.7)
  3 or more 118 (59.3)
Caregiver   
Sex Female 157 (78.9)
  Male 42 (21.1)
Age   63.2 ± 11.9
Kin relationship* Spouse 53 (26.8)
  Child 76 (38.4)
  Daughter-in-law 29 (14.6)
  Son-in-law 1 (0.5)
  Sibling 5 (2.5)
  Grandchild 2 (1.0)
  Parent 32 (16.2)
Employed   67 (33.5)
Raising a child   21 (10.6)
Raising a grandchild   42 (21.1)
Assistant caregiver living together   86 (43.2)
Going to clinic regularly   127 (63.8)
Stress tolerance (self-reported) Strong 19 (9.5)
  Somewhat strong 81 (40.7)
  Not very strong 74 (37.2)
  Not strong at all 25 (12.6)
Subjective economic condition Comfortable, not worrisome 19 (9.5)
  Not very comfortable, but not worrisome 125 (62.8)
  Not comfortable, slightly worrisome 48 (24.1)
  Difficult to live, very worrisome 7 (3.5)
Years of caregiving   5.16 ± 4.73
Hours of caregiving per week   32.3 ± 39.1
Caregiver’s understanding of patient’s (medical) condition. Understand it very well 78 (39.2)
  Understand it to some extent 115 (57.8)
  Don’t understand it well 6 (3.0)
  Don’t understand it at all 0 (0.0)
Patient   
Functional Independence Measure   33.9 ± 12.5
Functional Assessment Staging Test   3.59 ± 1.8
Services used Home visit 75 (37.7)
  Day care 69 (34.7)
  All 117 (58.8)
  1. *The total is 198 rather than 199, because of one missing datum.