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Table 3 Characteristics of health information seekers choosing doctor or healthcare provider first (n = 937) compared to other sources (Total N = 4,370)

From: The National Cancer Institute’s Health Information National Trends Survey [HINTS]: a national cross-sectional analysis of talking to your doctor and other healthcare providers for health information

  Doctor or healthcare provider first N (weighted %) Other sources N (weighted %) Unadjusted OR (95% CI), p-value Adjusted OR (95% CI), p-value
Gender     
Male 385 (14.94) 1,592 (85.06) 1.00 -- 1.00 --
Female 531 (15.93) 2,695 (84.07) 0.93 (0.75 – 1.15), p = .47 1.00 (0.71 – 1.39), p = .98
Age     
18–45 150 (9.41) 1,541 (90.59) 1.00 -- 1.00--
46–64 347 (15.52) 1,880 (84.48) 1.77 (1.30-2.41), p < .0001 1.74 (1.28-2.36), p = .18
65–75 241 (29.23) 601 (70.77) 3.98 (3.01-5.25), p < .0001 3.05 (2.13-4.35), p = .0001
76-99 179 (40.76) 262 (59.24) 6.63 (4.72-9.31), p < .0001 2.88 (1.89-4.38), p = .006
Rurality     
No 916 (15.55) 4,301 (84.45) 1.00 -- 1.00--
Yes 21 (22.38) 69 (77.62) 1.57 (0.86-2.86), p = .15 1.20 (0.46-3.13), p = .71
Cancer history     
No 746 (14.72) 3,816 (85.28) 1.00 -- 1.00--
Yes 186 (25.98) 535 (74.02) 2.03 (1.63-2.53), p < .0001 1.21 (0.91-1.62), p = .19
General health     
Excellent 71 (11.59) 558 (88.41) 1.00 -- 1.00--
Very good 302 (12.85) 1,630 (87.15) 1.13 (0.72-1.75), p < .0001 0.95 (0.59-1.54), p = .08
Good 347 (15.78) 1,526 (84.22) 1.43 (0.94-2.18), p = .02 0.88 (0.53-1.47), p = .03
Fair 141 (21.69) 497 (78.31) 2.11 (1.33-3.36), p = .26 0.98 (0.55-1.73), p = .24
Poor 52 (43.23) 90 (56.77) 5.81 (2.31-14.64), p = .0002 3.99 (0.80-20.02), p = .05
Income     
Less than $20,000 234 (22.57) 692 (77.43) 1.00 -- 1.00 --
$20,000 to $49,999 258 (16.33) 1,149 (83.67) 0.67 (0.47 – 0.96), p = .95 0.89 (0.59 – 1.33), p = .73
$50,000 and above 311 (11.41) 2,116 (88.59) 0.44 (0.33 – 0.60), p < .0001 0.87 (0.55 – 1.36), p = .63
Race     
Non-Hispanic White 532 (13.93) 2,812 (86.07) 1.00 -- 1.00 --
Non-Hispanic Black 143 (15.04) 581 (84.96) 1.09 (0.81 – 1.48), p = .53 1.11 (0.75 – 1.64), p = .69
Hispanic 111 (21.27) 461 (78.73) 1.67 (1.12 – 2.48), p = .04 1.25 (0.79 – 1.97), p = .81
Other 63 (15.35) 271 (84.65) 1.12 (0.65 – 1.93), p = .75 1.45 (0.70-3.02), p = .48
Education     
Less than High School 118 (37.56) 218 (62.44) 1.00 -- 1.00 --
High School Graduate 240 (19.92) 689 (80.08) 0.41 (0.25 – 0.68), p = .29 0.63 (0.33-1.23), p = .51
Some College 292 (13.99) 1,318 (86.01) 0.27 (0.17 – 0.44), p = .002 0.52 (0.26-1.05), p = .35
College Grad. or More 266 (9.11) 2,071 (90.89) 0.17 (0.11 – 0.26), p < .0001 0.35 (0.17-0.75), p = .0009
Health insurance     
No 69 (12.01) 563 (87.99) 1.00 -- 1.00 --
Yes 853 (16.34) 3,767 (83.66) 1.43 (0.96 – 2.13), p = .07 1.72 (1.03-2.88), p = .04
Veteran status     
Non-Veteran 735 (14.43) 3,780 (85.57) 1.00 -- 1.00 --
Veteran 139 (19.48) 459 (80.52) 1.44 (1.06 – 1.94), p = .02 1.04 (0.72-1.49), p = .84
Internet use     
No 386 (42.35) 547 (57.65) 1.00 -- 1.00 --
Yes 550 (11.27) 3,823 (88.73) 0.17 (0.14 – 0.22), p < .0001 0.40 (0.29-0.56), p < .0001
  1. Note: Significant relationships are bolded.
  2. OR = Odds ratio; 95% CI = Confidence Interval.