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Table 2 PACIC scores

From: Patient-experienced effect of an active implementation of a disease management programme for COPD – a randomised trial

N = 744 Intervention Control External control
  N = 207 N = 236 N = 301
PACIC dimension 1 – Patient activation     (203)     (230)   (298)
Baseline 2.39 [2.25;2.54] 2.31 [2.15;2.46] 2.27 [2.15;2.41]
Follow-up 2.48 [2.33;2.64] 2.22 [2.07;2.37] 2.11 [1.99;2.23]
Difference 0.09 [-0.06;0.23] -0.07 [-0.22;0.08] -0.16 [-0.28;-0.03]
Difference compared with Control 0.16 [0.05;0.37] p = 0.142 - -
Difference compared with External control 0.25 [0.05;0.44] p = 0.013 0.09 [-0.10;0.28] p = 0.363 -
PACIC dimension 2 – Delivery system design/decision support     (206)     (233)   (299)
Baseline 2.78 [2.65;2.92] 2.76 [2.63;2.90] 2.67 [2.55;2.78]
Follow-up 2.86 [2.73;3.00] 2.63 [2.49;2.77] 2.53 [2.42;2.64]
Difference 0.07 [-0.05;0.19] -0.12 [-0.25;0.02] -0.13 [-0.24;-0.02]
Difference compared with Control 0.19 [0.00;0.37] p = 0.044 - -
Difference compared with External control 0.20 [0.04;0.37] p = 0.018 0.01 [-0.16;0.19] p = 0.868 -
PACIC dimension 3 – Goal setting     (204)     (234)   (299)
Baseline 1.74 [1.62;1.89] 1.80 [1.69;1.92] 1.65 [1.55;1.75]
Follow-up 1.88 [1.76;2.00] 1.71 [1.60;1.81] 1.64 [1.55;1.73]
Difference 0.12 [0.01;0.23] -0.08 [-0.19;0.02] -0.01 [-0.09;0.08]
Difference compared with Control 0.20 [0.05;0.35] p = 0.009 - -
Difference compared with External control 0.12 [-0.01;0.26] p = 0.071 -0.08 [-0.21;0.07] p = 0.260 -
PACIC dimension 4 – Problem-solving/Contextual Counseling     (204)     (231)   (296)
Baseline 2.26 [2.12;2.40] 2.22 [2.08;2.37] 2.05 [1.93;2.17]
Follow-up 2.33 [2.18;2.48] 2.13 [2.00;2.27] 2.00 [1.89;2.12]
Difference 0.06 [-0.07;0.18] -0.05 [-0.18;0.08] -0.06 [-0.16;0.05]
Difference compared with Control 0.11 [-0.08;0.29] p = 0.258 - -
Difference compared with External control 0.11 [-0.05;0.28] p = 0.172 0.01 [-0.16;0.17] p = 0.929 -
PACIC dimension 5 – Follow-up/Coordination     (200)     (223)   (288)
Baseline 1.56 [1.45;1.66] 1.48 [1.40;1.56] 1.44 [1.36;1.51]
Follow-up 1.58 [1.48;1.67] 1.51 [1.42;1.60] 1.42 [1.35;1.49]
Difference 0.01[-0.08;0.11] 0.03 [-0.05;0.12] -0.05 [0.12;0.03]
Difference compared with Control -0.02 [-0.15;-0.11] p = 0.760 - -
Difference compared with External control 0.06 [-0.06;0.18] p = 0.343 0.08 [-0.04;0.20] p = 0.179 -
PACIC Total – The overall score     (207)     (236)   (301)
Baseline 2.05 [1.95;2.15] 2.02 [1.92;2.13] 1.92 [1.83;2.01]
Follow-up 2.14 [2.03;2.24] 1.97 [1.86;2.07] 1.87 [1.78;1.95]
Difference 0.08 [0.00;0.16] -0.05 [-0.14;0.04] -0.06 [-0.13;0.01]
Difference compared with Control 0.12 [0.00;0.25] p = 0.048 - -
Difference compared with External control 0.14 [0.03;0.25] p = 0.014 0.01 [-0.10;0.13] p = 0.827 -
  1. The mean PACIC scores for each dimension and the total score for each group recorded at baseline and at follow-up. The change in difference of means scores when comparing the control and external control group, respectively, with the intervention group is shown together with a comparison of change in mean scores between the control and external control groups.
  2. The number of patients who have scored 50% of the dimension is shown for each group in brackets ().