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Table 3 Principal diagnoses 1

From: Visit complexity, diagnostic uncertainty, and antibiotic prescribing for acute cough in primary care: a retrospective study

Diagnoses Total Residents Non-residents Given antibiotics Diagnostic uncertainty
N (%)
Antibiotic-appropriate
 Sinusitis 99 (10) 28 (7) 71 (13) 77 (78) 19 (19)
 Pneumonia 74 (8) 32 (8) 42 (7) 51 (69) 36 (49)
 Streptococcal pharyngitis 69 (7) 26 (7) 43 (8) 27 (39) 49 (71)
 Otitis media 16 (2) 6 (2) 10 (2) 13 (81) 1 (6)
 Bacterial infection2 10 (1) 3 (1) 7 (1) 6 (60) 8 (80)
 Pertussis 9 (1) 4 (1) 5 (1) 6 (67) 6 (67)
Subtotal 277 (29) 99 (25) 178 (32) 180 (65) 119 (43)
Non-antibiotic-appropriate
 Upper respiratory infection 445 (46) 192 (48) 253 (45) 14 (3) 12 (3)
 Acute bronchitis 90 (9) 34 (9) 56 (10) 13 (14) 4 (4)
 Post-nasal drip 33 (3) 15 (4) 18 (3) 1 (3) 3 (9)
 Non-streptococcal pharyngitis 33 (3) 18 (5) 15 (3) 0 (0) 5 (15)
 Allergies 32 (3) 17 (4) 15 (3) 0 (0) 1 (3)
 Reactive airway disease 5 (1) 1 (0) 4 (1) 0 (0) 1 (20)
 Other3 47 (5) 23 (6) 24 (4) 2 (4) 6 (13)
Subtotal 685 (71) 300 (75) 385 (68) 29 (4) 32 (5)
Total 962 (100) 399 (100) 563 (100) 209 (22) 151 (16)
  1. 1 Total, Resident, and Non-resident percentages are column percents. Given antibiotics and Diagnostic uncertainty are row percents. Percentages may not add up because of rounding.
  2. 2 “Bacterial infection” was most often written as “bacterial superinfection”.
  3. 3 “Other” includes diagnoses that were listed 5 times or fewer, or that listed “cough” as a diagnosis. The most common other diagnoses were “cough” (16), influenza (4), and gastroesophageal reflux disease (3).