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Table 3 Patients' characteristics, presenting symptoms and expectations, by consumption of antibiotics.

From: Use and feasibility of delayed prescribing for respiratory tract infections: A questionnaire survey

  Total (%) Patients who
took antibiotics
(%)a(n = 141)
Patients who
did not take
antibiotics (%)a
(n = 163)
Pick up
rate
%
P-value b
Grouped age (years) n = 304         
   Less than 16 100 (33) 38 (27) 62 (38) 38 0,04*
   16-59 180 (59) 90 (64) 90 (55) 50 0,13
   60 and over 24 (8) 13 (9) 11 (7) 54 0,43
Gender n = 304        
   Female 204 (67) 95 (67) 109 (67) 47 0,93
   Male 100 (33) 46 (33) 54 (33) 46  
Highest education n = 302 (140/162)        
   Basic education (7-9 years) 34 (11) 15 (11) 19 (12) 44 0,78
   High school (10-12 years) 105 (35) 50 (36) 55 (34) 48 0,75
   College/university (>12 years) 163 (54) 75 (53) 88 (54) 46 0,9
Presenting symptoms n = 303 (141/162)        
   Sore throat 101 (33) 52 (37) 49 (30) 51 0,21
   Earache 94 (31) 40 (28) 54 (33) 43 0,37
   Cough 124 (41) 63 (45) 61 (37) 51 0,2
   Fever 111 (37) 62 (44) 49 (30) 56 0,012*
   Sinus pain 118 (39) 56 (40) 62 (38) 47 0,76
   Muscular aches 32 (11) 17 (12) 15 (9) 53 0,42
   Runny nose 49 (16) 22 (16) 27 (17) 45 0,82
   Nasal congestion 94 (31) 39 (28) 55 (34) 41 0,25
   Malaise 72 (24) 38 (27) 34 (21) 53 0,21
   Wheezing/shortness of breath 61 (20) 31 (22) 30 (18) 51 0,44
   Other symptoms 17 (6) 10 (7) 7 (4) 59 0,29
   Sum symptoms 873   430 (3,05 pr case) 443 (2,73 pr case)   
   1 symptom 87 (29) 30 (21) 57 (35) 34 0,008*
   2-4 symptoms 161 (53) 81 (57) 80 (49) 50 0,15
   More than 4 symptoms 55 (18) 30 (21) 25 (15) 55 0,18
Feeling ill n = 301 (139/162)         
   Very ill 34 (11) 24 (17) 10 (6) 71 0,003*
   Modestly ill 193 (64) 89 (64) 104 (64) 46 0,9
   A bit ill 74 (25) 26 (19) 48 (30) 35 0,026*
Patient expectations n = 303 (141/162)         
   Antibiotic prescription 157 (52) 79 (56) 78 (48) 50 0,16
   Other prescription 44 (15) 20 (14) 24 (15) 45 0,89
   Advice 51 (17) 22 (16) 29 (18) 43 0,61
   Tests 144 (48) 69 (49) 75 (46) 48 0,61
   Referral 9 (3) 3 (2) 6 (4) 33 0,43
   Sicknote 43 (14) 24 (17) 19 (12) 56 0,18
   No expectations 50 (17) 19 (13) 31 (19) 38 0,19
Diagnosis group n = 304         
   Upper respiratory tract symptoms and infections 60 (20) 34 (24) 26 (16) 57 0,075
   Lower respiratory tract infections 41 (14) 21 (15) 20 (12) 51 0,5
   Ear infections 65 (21) 23 (16) 42 (26) 35 0,045*
   Sinusitis 101 (33) 47 (33) 54 (33) 47 0,97
   Acute tonsillitis 24 (8) 11 (8) 13 (8) 46 0,96
   Other respiratory diagnoses 13 (4) 5 (4) 8 (5) 38 0,56
  1. a Percentages within the brackets are those within the patient group.
  2. b Pearson chi-square.