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Table 2 Association between patient characteristics and receiving general practitioner advice on physical activity (logistic regression model; n = 1,627)

From: General practitioner advice on physical activity: Analyses in a cohort of older primary health care patients (getABI)

  % receiving advice Crude odds ratio
[95% confidence interval]
Adjusted odds ratiob
[95% confidence interval]
Socio-demographic variables    
Sex    
   Female 30.0 1 1
   Male 36.0 1.31 [1.07;1.61]* 1.34 [1.06;1.70]*
Age    
   < 80 years 34.6 1 1
   ≥ 80 years 29.4 0.79 [0.63;0.98]* 0.78 [0.61;1.00]
Birthplace    
   Outside Germany 39.2 1 1
   Germany 32.2 0.74 [0.52;1.04] 0.81 [0.57;1.17]
Education level    
   No qualification or basic secondary school qualification 32.4 1 1
   Higher than basic secondary school qualification 33.4 1.05 [0.85;1.29] 1.11 [0.89;1.39]
Cardio-vascular risk factors    
Currently smoking (baseline)    
   No 33.0 1 1
   Yes 30.9 0.91 [0.60;1.38] 0.92 [0.59;1.43]
Waist circumferencea    
   Women < 88 cm; men < 102 cm 28.9 1 1
   Women ≥ 88 cm; men ≥ 102 cm 35.2 1.34 [1.08;1.66]* 1.19 [0.94;1.51]
Medical conditions and medications    
Hypertension    
   No 28.6 1 1
   Yes 35.2 1.36 [1.09;1.69]* 1.09 [0.86;1.38]
Coronary heart disease and/or myocardial infarction    
   No 29.0 1 1
   Yes 44.1 1.93 [1.53;2.43]* 1.56 [1.21;2.01]*
Chronic heart failure    
   No 31.6 1 1
   Yes 38.0 1.32 [1.02;1.71]* 1.02 [0.77;1.35]
Diabetes mellitus    
   No 28.6 1 1
   Yes 45.6 2.09 [1.66;2.64]* 1.79 [1.39;2.30]*
Peripheral arterial disease    
   No 31.3 1 1
   Yes 44.2 1.74 [1.28;2.36]* 1.31 [0.94;1.83]
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease    
   No 32.0 1 1
   Yes 39.5 1.39 [1.01;1.90]* 1.23 [0.88;1.72]
Arthritis (degenerative or rheumatoid)    
   No 29.0 1 1
   Yes 40.0 1.63 [1.32;2.02]* 1.37 [1.08;1.73]*
Osteoporosis    
   No 32.4 1 1
   Yes 35.9 1.17 [0.86;1.58] 1.07 [0.77;1.50]
Number of medications    
   unmedicated or ≤ 5 24.8 1 1
   > 5 40.2 2.03 [1.64;2.52]* 1.41 [1.11;1.80]*
Number of general practitioner visits (preceding 3 months)    
   0-3 visits 31.0 1 1
   > 3 visits 40.2 1.50 [1.16;1.92]* 1.28 [0.97;1.67]
Need for walking aid    
   No 32.2 1 1
   Yes 36.2 1.20 [0.90;1.59] 0.83 [0.61;1.15]
Falls (preceding 12 months)    
   No 32.6 1 1
   Yes 33.7 1.05 [0.82;1.35] 1.04 [0.80;1.36]
Pain (preceding 3 months)    
   No 26.9 1 1
   Yes 38.1 1.67 [1.36;2.07]* 1.43 [1.13;1.81]*
Sporting activities    
   < 2.5 hours per week 33.0 1 1
   ≥ 2.5 hours per week 32.7 0.99 [0.80;1.23] 0.96 [0.76;1.22]
  1. * 95% Confidence interval not including 1
  2. a Waist circumference at 7-year follow-up was used for analysis. If this value was missing, waist circumference at 5-year follow-up was used.
  3. b Adjusted for all other variables in the table