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Table 2 Changes in Alcohol and Tobacco Screening and Intervention Rates by Study Phases (%)

From: Impact of vital signs screening & clinician prompting on alcohol and tobacco screening and intervention rates: a pre-post intervention comparison

  Phase I Phase II Phase III p
  (n = 211) (n = 210) (n = 201)  
Alcohol Screening and Intervention Rates     
   Screening by Nurses 9.5 a 38.1 b 32.3 c .018
   Screening by Clinicians 9.5 a 13.4 b 21.9 c <.001
   Any Screening (Nurses or Clinicians) 14.7 a 40.5 b 37.8 c .041
   Clinician Alcohol Interventions 3.8 a 6.7 b 12.4 c <.001
Tobacco Screening Rates     
   Screening by Nurses 20.4 a 44.8 b 41.3 c .081
   Screening by Clinicians 18.5 18.1 26.0 .121
   Any Screening (Nurses or Clinicians) 28.0 a 49.5 b 49.0 b .371
Tobacco Intervention Rates (n = 87) (n = 76) (n = 76)  
   Clinician advice to quit 32.2 a 30.3 b 47.4 c .042
   Specific Tobacco Quit Steps     
Asked what would motivate patient to quit 14.3 17.6 25.0 .021
Gave patient a pamphlet 9.1 9.5 15.4 .017
Discussed lessons learned from past attempts 7.9 6.8 9.2 .421
Discussed setting a date to quit 3.9 8.1 10.8 .029
Discussed nicotine products or other meds 9.2 a 16.2 b 24.2 c <.001
Prescribed bupropion or a nicotine product 3.9 a 5.4 b 12.1 c <.001
Gave info about Tobacco Quit Line 5.3 1.4 6.1 .711
Referred to a smoking cessation program 2.6 2.7 3.0 .052
  1. Values with different superscripts differ from each other at p < .05 on pairwise comparison; p-values listed in the table arefrom test of linear trends across study phases