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  1. Singapore’s healthcare system presents an ideal context to learn from diverse public and private operational models and funding systems.

    Authors: Huiling Guo, Zoe Jane-Lara Hildon, Victor Weng Keong Loh, Meena Sundram, Muhamad Alif Bin Ibrahim, Wern Ee Tang and Angela Chow

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:205

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. Timely detection and management of comorbid mental disorders in people with epilepsy is essential to improve outcomes. The objective of this study was to measure the performance of primary health care (PHC) wo...

    Authors: Ruth Tsigebrhan, Abebaw Fekadu, Girmay Medhin, Charles R. Newton, Martin J. Prince and Charlotte Hanlon

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:204

    Content type: Research

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  3. Rural residents with chronic conditions have a stronger need for health services, which should make using family doctor contract services a priority. This study aimed to evaluate the rate of willingness among ...

    Authors: Jie Li, Jie Li, Peipei Fu, Yan Chen, Xue Tang, Zhixian Li, Shijun Yang, Chen Yan, Wenjuan Li, Zhen Gui and Chengchao Zhou

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:203

    Content type: Research

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  4. The implementation of care concepts fitting the needs of patients with chronic heart failure (HF) remains challenging. In this context, psycho-emotional well-being is not routinely assessed, and under-research...

    Authors: Sigrid Boczor, Marion Eisele, Anja Rakebrandt, Agata Menzel, Eva Blozik, Jens-Martin Träder, Stefan Störk, Christoph Herrmann-Lingen and Martin Scherer

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:202

    Content type: Research

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  5. Shoulder pain is a highly prevalent condition and a significant cause of morbidity and functional disability. Current data suggests that many patients presenting with shoulder pain at the primary care level ar...

    Authors: Breda H. F. Eubank, Sebastian W. Lackey, Mel Slomp, Jason R. Werle, Colleen Kuntze and David M. Sheps

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:201

    Content type: Research

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  6. Adherence to guidelines for back pain continues to be a challenge, prompting strategies focused on improving education around biopsychosocial frameworks.

    Authors: Daniel I. Rhon, Rachel J. Mayhew, Tina A. Greenlee and Julie M. Fritz

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:200

    Content type: Research

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  7. Detecting, treating and monitoring anaemia has a functional, social and economic impact on patients’ quality of life and the health system, since inadequate monitoring can lead to more accident & emergency vis...

    Authors: Boris Trenado Luengo, Rosa García-Sierra, Maria Asunción Wilke Trinxant, Esther Díaz Mondelo, Ramon Miralles Baseda, Maria Magdalena Lladó Blanch, Maria del Pilar Montero Alia and Pere Toran-Monserrat

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:199

    Content type: Study protocol

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  8. The patient-oriented and need-based care of multi-morbid patients with healthcare services and assistive products can be a highly complex task for the general practitioners (GPs). An algorithm-based digital recom...

    Authors: Peggy Borchers, Steve Piller, Mandy Böhme, Karen Voigt and Antje Bergmann

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:198

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Osteopathy is a type of complementary medicine based on specific manual techniques. In many countries, including Germany, the profession is not officially regulated, and evidence for the effectiveness of osteo...

    Authors: Gordian L. Schmid, Jeremias Kluge, Tobias Deutsch, Anne-Kathrin Geier, Markus Bleckwenn, Susanne Unverzagt and Thomas Frese

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:197

    Content type: Research

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  10. With increasing interest in direct access to physiotherapy, it is important to consider the physiotherapists (PTs) ability to make correct management decisions, because identification of differential diagnosti...

    Authors: Cecilie Rud Budtz, Helle Rønn-Smidt, Janus Nikolaj Laust Thomsen, Rikke Pilegaard Hansen and David Høyrup Christiansen

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:196

    Content type: Research

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  11. Although general practitioners (GPs) are generally considered as the first point of contact for care, this may be different for persons with complex conditions, such as those with spinal cord injury (SCI). The...

    Authors: Dima Touhami, Mirjam Brach, Stefan Essig, Elias Ronca, Isabelle Debecker, Inge Eriks-Hoogland, Anke Scheel-Sailer, Nadja Münzel and Armin Gemperli

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:195

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Poverty has a significant influence on health. Efforts to optimize income and reduce poverty could make a difference to the lives of patients and their families. Routine screening for poverty in primary care i...

    Authors: Kimberly Wintemute, Meh Noor, Aashka Bhatt, Gary Bloch, Suja Arackal, Sumeet Kalia, Babak Aliarzadeh, Sabrina La Tona, Joyce Lo, Andrew D. Pinto and Michelle Greiver

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:194

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The COVID-19 pandemic has driven primary healthcare (PHC) providers to use telehealth as an alternative to traditional face-to-face consultations. Providing telehealth that meets the needs of patients in a pan...

    Authors: Mylaine Breton, Erin E. Sullivan, Nadia Deville-Stoetzel, Danielle McKinstry, Matthew DePuccio, Abi Sriharan, Véronique Deslauriers, Anson Dong and Ann Scheck McAlearney

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:192

    Content type: Research

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  14. Chinese residents’ practical work experiences are different from those described in Western studies. To explore potential mechanisms underlying the effects of doctor-patient relationships on medical residents’...

    Authors: Guangwei Deng, Wenjun Cai, Monica Yang, Jonathan Lio, Chenpeng Feng, Xiaopeng Ma and Liang Liang

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:191

    Content type: Research

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  15. General practitioners (GPs) can be considered the designated professionals to identify high fall risk and to guide older people to fall preventive care. Currently it is not exactly known how GPs treat this ris...

    Authors: Wytske M. A. Meekes, Chantal J. Leemrijse, Yvette M. Weesie, Ien A. M. van de Goor, Gé A. Donker and Joke C. Korevaar

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:190

    Content type: Research

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  16. To study the competency of general practitioners (GPs) in Shanghai, China on prevention and management of type 2 diabetes, also understand factors that may prohibit it.

    Authors: Yaling Li, Yunyun Yan, Huimin Dai, Yuan Cheng, Qian Huang, Jie Shao, Jianmin Zhou, Haitang Wang, Pingyang Liu, Ao Shen, Yikai Mi and Zhaohui Du

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:189

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Many primary care patients receive both medical and chiropractic care; however, interprofessional relations between physicians and chiropractors are often suboptimal which may adversely affect care of shared p...

    Authors: Jason W. Busse, Sushmitha Pallapothu, Brian Vinh, Vivienne Lee, Lina Abril, Albana Canga, John J. Riva, Daniel Viggiani, Marc Dilauro, Marie-Pierre Harvey, Isabelle Pagé, Avneet K. Bhela, Serena Sandhu, Oluwatoni Makanjuola, Muhammad Taaha Hassan, Ainsley Moore…

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:188

    Content type: Research

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  18. Adequate health literacy (HL) levels contribute to good health outcomes and successful disease self-management in patients with chronic disease. Hence, it is essential that family doctors recognize patients wi...

    Authors: Stephanie Stock, Sibel Altin, Farah Nawabi, Daniele Civello, Arim Shukri, Marcus Redaèlli and Adrienne Alayli

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:187

    Content type: Research

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  19. Persons living with dementia have various health and social care needs and expectations, some which are not fully met by health providers, including primary care clinicians. The Quebec Alzheimer plan, implemen...

    Authors: Vladimir Khanassov, Laura Rojas-Rozo, Rosa Sourial, Xin Qiang Yang and Isabelle Vedel

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:186

    Content type: Research

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  20. More than 90% of antibiotics are prescribed in primary care, but 50% may be unnecessary. Reducing unnecessary antibiotic overuse is needed to limit antimicrobial resistance. We conducted a pragmatic trial of a...

    Authors: Warren McIsaac, Sahana Kukan, Ella Huszti, Leah Szadkowski, Braden O’Neill, Sophia Virani, Noah Ivers, Rosemarie Lall, Navsheer Toor, Mruna Shah, Ruby Alvi, Aashka Bhatt, Yoshiko Nakamachi and Andrew M. Morris

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:185

    Content type: Research

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  21. Access to healthcare has been strongly affected by the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, which has raised concerns about the increased risk of delays in receiving medical care. This study aimed to ...

    Authors: Kojiro Morita, Ryota Inokuchi, Xueying Jin, Masatoshi Ishikawa and Nanako Tamiya

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:184

    Content type: Research

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  22. Patient safety is defined as an activity that minimizes and removes possible errors and injuries to patients. A number of factors have been found to influence patient safety management, including the facilitie...

    Authors: Katarzyna Kosiek, Iwona Staniec, Maciej Godycki-Cwirko, Adam Depta and Anna Kowalczyk

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:183

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Persistent somatic symptoms (PSS) are common in primary care and often accompanied by an increasing disease burden for both the patient and healthcare. In medical practice, PSS is historically considered a dia...

    Authors: Willeke M. Kitselaar, Rosalie van der Vaart, Madelon van Tilborg-den Boeft, Hedwig M. M. Vos, Mattijs E. Numans and Andrea W. M. Evers

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:182

    Content type: Research

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  24. In addition to the threat of the COVID-19 pandemic to physical health, mental health is challenged by the emotional response to the situation and the official measures taken to stop the pandemic. This study ai...

    Authors: Laura Diaz Hernandez, Stéphanie Giezendanner, Roland Fischer and Andreas Zeller

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:181

    Content type: Research

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  25. During the COVID-19 pandemic, the Ministry of Health asked Singapore’s private general practitioners (GPs) to perform swab testing in their clinics, but some GPs had concerns about swabber protection. Our aim ...

    Authors: Boon See Teo, Esther Li, Yi-Lin Khoo, Michelle Evaristo, Yang Fang and Helen E. Smith

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:180

    Content type: Research

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  26. The use of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) to cope with mental distress and pain issues has helped many patients in primary health care in Sweden. However, the effects of CBT to reduce sick leave has not be...

    Authors: Åsa Kadowaki, Anna-Karin Alvunger, Hanna Israelsson Larsen, Anna Persdotter, Marta Stelmach Zak, Peter Johansson and Fredrik H. Nystrom

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:179

    Content type: Research

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  27. Inappropriate imaging and low-value care for low back pain (LBP) are common. A new patient-education booklet was created to overcome identified barriers to the delivery of recommended care, including the use o...

    Authors: Anna S. Simula, Hazel J. Jenkins, Mark J. Hancock, Antti Malmivaara, Neill Booth and Jaro Karppinen

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:178

    Content type: Research

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  28. Evidence on specific interventions to improve diabetes control in primary care is available, but this evidence is not always well-implemented. The concept of “mindlines” has been proposed to explain how clinic...

    Authors: John W. Epling, Michelle S. Rockwell, Allison D. Miller and M. Colette Carver

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:177

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and congestive heart failure (CHF) are at high-risk of readmission after hospital discharge. There is conflicting evidence however on whether timely f...

    Authors: Sarah Griffiths, Gaibrie Stephen, Tara Kiran and Karen Okrainec

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:176

    Content type: Research

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  30. Implementation of a care manager in a collaborative care team in Swedish primary care via a randomized controlled trial showed successful outcome. As four years have elapsed since the implementation of care ma...

    Authors: Irene Svenningsson, Dominique Hange, Camilla Udo, Karin Törnbom, Cecilia Björkelund and Eva-Lisa Petersson

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:175

    Content type: Research

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  31. The coronavirus outbreak (COVID-19) tested health care systems worldwide. This qualitative study aimed to explore and understand the experiences, beliefs and concerns of Primary Care Professionals (PCPs) regar...

    Authors: Emmanouil Smyrnakis, Despoina Symintiridou, Martha Andreou, Michael Dandoulakis, Elias Theodoropoulos, Stamatia Kokkali, Chrysanthi Manolaki, Dimitra Iosifina Papageorgiou, Charis Birtsou, Aristofanis Paganas, Panagiotis Stachteas, Nikolaos Vlachopoulos, Ilias Pagkozidis, Akis Zeimbekis, Violeta Roka, Anastasios Giakoumis…

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:174

    Content type: Research

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  32. A SARS-CoV-2 infection can lead from asymptomatic through to critical disease in a dynamic and unpredictable course within a few days. The challenge in outpatient monitoring the highly contagious COVID-19 dise...

    Authors: Mariell Hoffmann, Sandra Stengel, Johanna Forstner, Annika Baldauf, Gunter Laux, Frank Aluttis, Markus Qreini, Peter Engeser, Joachim Szecsenyi and Frank Peters-Klimm

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:173

    Content type: Study protocol

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  33. Influenza-like illness (ILI) and Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI) are a considerable health problem in Europe. Most diagnoses are made by family physicians (FPs) and based on symptoms and clinical signs rath...

    Authors: Nicola Buono, Michael Harris, Carmine Farinaro, Ferdinando Petrazzuoli, Angelo Cavicchi, Filippo D’Addio, Amedeo Scelsa, Baldassarre Mirra, Enrico Napolitano and Jean K. Soler

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:172

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The “5 + 3” residency training is the main stream general practitioner training program in China. However, a competency model is absent for evaluating the clinical competence attained by general practitioners ...

    Authors: Yun Wei, Feiyue Wang, Zhaolu Pan, Meirong Wang, Guanghui Jin, Yanli Liu and Xiaoqin Lu

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:171

    Content type: Article

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  35. In the Brazilian public health system, primary health care (PHC) is provided by the municipalities and is considered the entry level of the Unified Health System (SUS). Governmental pharmaceutical services (Ph...

    Authors: Nathália Cano Pereira, Vera Lucia Luiza, Mônica Rodrigues Campos and Luisa Arueira Chaves

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:170

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The number of Americans who use tobacco has decreased in the twenty-first century, but electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) have increased the complexity of treating tobacco dependence. The experiences ...

    Authors: Kevin A. Kovach, Reshana Peterson, Rajani Bharati, Kathryn Istas and Michael Monroe

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:169

    Content type: Research

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  37. To investigate patients’ perspectives on polypharmacy and the use of a digital decision support system to assist general practitioners (GPs) in performing medication reviews.

    Authors: Robin Brünn, Beate S. Müller, Benno Flaig, Petra Kellermann-Mühlhoff, Ute Karbach, Sara Söling, Christiane Muth and Marjan van den Akker

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:168

    Content type: Research

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  38. A prerequisite for general practitioners (GPs) being able to refer patients with gynecological cancer alarm symptoms for further investigations is that individuals present the symptoms to the GP. Not all sympt...

    Authors: Kirubakaran Balasubramaniam, Sanne Rasmussen, Peter Fentz Haastrup, Kaspar Suadicani, Jens Søndergaard and Dorte Ejg Jarbøl

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:167

    Content type: Research

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  39. About 25% of patients experience adverse drug events (ADE) in primary care, but few events are reported by the patients themselves. One solution to improve the detection and management of ADEs in primary care ...

    Authors: Karine Buchet-Poyau, Pauline Occelli, Sandrine Touzet, Carole Langlois-Jacques, Sophie Figon, Jean-Pierre Dubois, Antoine Duclos, Marc Chanelière, Cyrille Colin, Muriel Rabilloud and Maud Keriel-Gascou

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:165

    Content type: Research

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  40. We aim to document the long-term outcomes of ischemic stroke patients and explore the potential risk factors for recurrent cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality in primary care.

    Authors: Jinghao Han, Yue Kwan Choi, Wing Kit Leung, Ming Tung Hui and Maria Kwan Wa Leung

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:164

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Accreditation is a widely employed quality assurance concept in health care and the survey visit is the central method for assessing participating organisations’ compliance with accreditation standards. Despit...

    Authors: Tina Drud Due, Thorkil Thorsen and Marius Brostrøm Kousgaard

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:163

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Primary care physicians have diverse responsibilities. To collaborate with cancer specialists efficiently, they should prioritise roles desired by other collaborators rather than roles based on their own belie...

    Authors: Takashi Chinen, Yusuke Sasabuchi, Kazuhiko Kotani and Hironori Yamaguchi

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:162

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Stratified care involves subgrouping patients based on key characteristics, e.g. prognostic risk, and matching these subgroups to early treatment options. The STarT-MSK programme developed and tested a new str...

    Authors: Joanne Protheroe, Benjamin Saunders, Jonathan C. Hill, Adrian Chudyk, Nadine E. Foster, Bernadette Bartlam, Simon Wathall and Vincent Cooper

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:161

    Content type: Research

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  44. Many survivors of critical illness suffer from long-lasting physical, cognitive, and mental health sequelae. The number of affected patients is expected to markedly increase due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Many ...

    Authors: KFR Schmidt, J. Gensichen, S. Gehrke-Beck, R. P. Kosilek, F. Kühne, C Heintze, L. M. Baldwin and D. M. Needham

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:160

    Content type: Review

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  45. Primary care professionals (PCPs) face mounting pressures associated with their work, which has resulted in high burn-out numbers. Increasing PCPs’ job satisfaction is proposed as a solution in this regard. Po...

    Authors: Caro H. C. Lemmen, Gili Yaron, Rachel Gifford and Marieke D. Spreeuwenberg

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:159

    Content type: Research

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  46. Chronic insomnia is a highly prevalent disorder, with ten to thirty percent of Australian adults reporting chronic difficulties falling asleep and/or staying asleep such that it causes significant daytime impa...

    Authors: Jenny Haycock, Nicole Grivell, Anne Redman, Bandana Saini, Andrew Vakulin, Leon Lack, Nicole Lovato, Alexander Sweetman, Nicholas Zwar, Nigel Stocks, Oliver Frank, Sutapa Mukherjee, Robert Adams, R. Doug McEvoy and Elizabeth Hoon

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:158

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  47. Access to high-quality primary care has been identified as a pressing need for adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). Adults with IDD live with complex physical and mental health condit...

    Authors: Nicole Bobbette, Rosemary Lysaght, Hélène Ouellette-Kuntz, Joan Tranmer and Catherine Donnelly

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:157

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Many cancer patients in the low- and middle-income countries seek care with traditional health practitioners (THPs) and use traditional and complementary medicines (T&CMs) for treatment of cancers. Little is k...

    Authors: Amos Deogratius Mwaka, Jennifer Achan, Winnie Adoch and Henry Wabinga

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2021 22:155

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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