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Knowledge, attitudes, behaviors, education, and communication

Section edited by Carolyn Chew-Graham and Chris Burton

This section covers, though is not limited to, education in general practice, health literacy and communication skills, eHealth and medical record systems, patient reported outcomes and quality indicators, and patient-physician relations, within the context of primary care.

Page 1 of 9

  1. Content type: Research article

    Communication between patients and providers about persistent “medically unexplained” physical symptoms (MUS) is characterized by discordance. While the difficulties are well documented, few studies have exami...

    Authors: Nicole Anastasides, Carmelen Chiusano, Christina Gonzalez, Fiona Graff, David R. Litke, Erica McDonald, Jennifer Presnall-Shvorin, Nicole Sullivan, Karen S. Quigley, Wilfred R. Pigeon, Drew A. Helmer, Susan L. Santos and Lisa M. McAndrew

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2019 20:13

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Health workforce turnover remains a global concern, particularly in rural and remote areas. Western rural areas are the least developed in China, where it faces the serious challenge on the rural health worker...

    Authors: Jinlin Liu, Bin Zhu, Jingxian Wu and Ying Mao

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2019 20:9

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  3. Content type: Research article

    The attitude of General Practitioner’s (GP’s) towards dementia and confidence in their clinical abilities impacts on diagnosis rates and management of the condition. The purpose of the present research is to r...

    Authors: Ron Mason, Kathleen Doherty, Claire Eccleston, Michael Annear, Amanda Lo, Laura Tierney, Fran McInerney and Andrew Robinson

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2019 20:6

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  4. Content type: Research article

    The prescribing of psychotropic drugs, i.e. antidepressants, sedatives (anxiolytics, hypnotics), and antipsychotics is considerable and a large proportion is prescribed by general practitioners (GPs). There ar...

    Authors: Staffan A. Svensson, Tove M. Hedenrud and Susanna M. Wallerstedt

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2019 20:4

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Diet is a key component of the management of diabetes. Several studies suggest that patients receive insufficient and inadequate information. As a first step for developing an intervention for improving dietar...

    Authors: Maria Alonso Arana, Jose Maria Valderas and Josie Solomon

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2019 20:1

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Informal caregivers of people with dementia in Beijing are increasingly called upon to provide home-based care for their patients due to the increasing number of dementia patients and the shortage of standardi...

    Authors: Meirong Wang, Shuang Shao, Jing Li, Yingjie Liu, Xiaojingyuan Xu and Juan Du

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:201

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  7. Content type: Research article

    In the general practice setting screening, brief intervention and counselling have been shown to be effective in the reduction of problem alcohol use. This study aimed to explore Irish general practitioners’ (...

    Authors: Claire Collins, Pearse Finegan and Margaret O’Riordan

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:200

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Diabetes mellitus (DM) and periodontitis are very common and they interact with each other bidirectionally. This survey studied public primary care doctors on their awareness of this bidirectional relationship...

    Authors: Sut Yee Tse

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:199

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Nocturnal enuresis (NE) is a common symptom in children worldwide. International Children’s Continence Society (ICCS) defines enuresis as either mono-symptomatic, NE with lower urinary tract symptoms and NE wi...

    Authors: Sameena Shah, Rabab Zehra Jafri, Khalil Mobin, Rabeea Mirza, Kashmira Nanji, Fatima Jahangir, Sufian Jawed Patel, Muzamil Shabana Ejaz, Iman Qaiser, Hira Iftikhar, Komal Aziz, Wajiha Khan, Humza S. Maqbool and Hassaan Ahmed

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:198

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  10. Content type: Research article

    HIV-infected patients often present to primary care several times with HIV-indicator conditions before diagnosis but the opportunity to test by healthcare professionals (HCPs) is frequently missed. Current HIV...

    Authors: Charlotte F. Davies, Joanna M. Kesten, Mark Gompels, Jeremy Horwood, Megan Crofts, Annette Billing, Charlotte Chick and Margaret T. May

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:195

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Burnout is increasingly prevalent among general practitioners (GPs) in Hungary, which may lead to functional impairment and, subsequently, to poor quality of patient care. However, little is known about potent...

    Authors: Szilvia Adam, Andras Mohos, Laszlo Kalabay and Peter Torzsa

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:193

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Self-management support is widely accepted for the management of chronic conditions. Self-management often requires behaviour change in patients, in which primary care nurses play a pivotal role. To support pa...

    Authors: Heleen Westland, Yvonne Koop, Carin D. Schröder, Marieke J. Schuurmans, P. Slabbers, Jaap C. A. Trappenburg and Sigrid C. J. M. Vervoort

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:194

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Patients should receive follow-up serum creatinine tests after an initial abnormal result to diagnose chronic kidney disease. However, half of the time this fails to occur in primary care. We interviewed prima...

    Authors: Danielle M. Nash, Amit X. Garg, K. Scott Brimble and Maureen Markle-Reid

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:192

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  14. Content type: Research article

    The Texas Childhood Obesity Research Demonstration study was an integrated, systems-oriented intervention that incorporated primary and secondary obesity prevention approaches targeting multiple sectors, inclu...

    Authors: Meliha Salahuddin, Sarah E. Barlow, Stephen J. Pont, Nancy F. Butte and Deanna M. Hoelscher

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:191

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  15. Content type: Research article

    By screening and modifying risk factors, stroke incidence can be reduced. Clinical guidelines states that primary prevention of stroke is a responsibility and task of primary health care, but research shows th...

    Authors: Ann-Helen Patomella, Gustav Mickols, Eric Asaba, Gunnar Nilsson, Cecilia Fridén, Anders Kottorp, Bo Christer Bertilson and Kerstin Tham

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:190

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The medical practice of general practitioners/family physicians in urban areas differs from that in rural areas, accounting for the difference in specific competencies. However, variations in competencies in c...

    Authors: Toshichika Mitsuyama, Daisuke Son and Masato Eto

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:186

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Although it is often recommended that general practitioners (GPs) initiate advance care planning (ACP), little is known about their experiences with ACP. This study aimed to identify GP experiences when conduc...

    Authors: Anne B. Wichmann, Hanna van Dam, Bregje Thoonsen, Theo A. Boer, Yvonne Engels and A. Stef Groenewoud

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:184

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  18. Content type: Research article

    The Chinese government offered various types of training programs for strengthening the role of doctors working in community health service institutions (CHSIs). The study intended to investigate the current t...

    Authors: Shuang Shao, Tao Wu, Aimin Guo, Guanghui Jin, Rui Chen, Yali Zhao, Juan Du and Xiaoqin Lu

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:182

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Physicians’ interpersonal performance is critical in medical practice, especially primary care practice. The General Practice Assessment Questionnaire (GPAQ) was developed in the United Kingdom to evaluate the...

    Authors: Tsunetaka Kijima, Kenju Akai, Akira Matsushita, Tsuyoshi Hamano, Keiichi Onoda, Shozo Yano, Toru Nabika, Yutaka Ishibashi and Shunichi Kumakura

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:181

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Depression affects over 400 million people globally. The majority are seen in primary care. Barriers in providing adequate care are not solely related to physicians’ knowledge/skills deficits, but also time co...

    Authors: Bianca Lauria-Horner, Tara Beaulieu, Stephanie Knaak, Rivian Weinerman, Helen Campbell and Scott Patten

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:183

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Patient gender as well as doctor gender are known to affect doctor-patient interaction during a medical consultation. It is however not known whether an interaction of gender influences antibiotic prescribing....

    Authors: D. Eggermont, M. A. M. Smit, G. A. Kwestroo, R. A. Verheij, K. Hek and A. E. Kunst

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:175

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Older people can struggle with revealing their depression to GPs and verbalising preferences regarding its management. This contributes to problems for GPs in both detecting and managing depression in primary ...

    Authors: Isabel Gordon, Jonathan Ling, Louise Robinson, Catherine Hayes and Ann Crosland

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:173

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  23. Content type: Research article

    The implementation of multiple health behaviour change interventions for cardiovascular risk reduction in primary care is suboptimal. This study aimed to identify barriers and facilitators to implementing mult...

    Authors: Samah Alageel, Martin C. Gulliford, Lisa McDermott and Alison J. Wright

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:171

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Pain in people with dementia is underdiagnosed and undertreated. General practitioners (GPs) play a pivotal role in dementia care but their perspectives on pain in people with dementia remains under-researched...

    Authors: Aisling A Jennings, Maura Linehan and Tony Foley

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:166

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  25. Content type: Research article

    The characteristics of patients with on-going myocardial infarction (MI) contacting the primary healthcare (PHC) centre before hospitalisation are not well known. Prompt diagnosis is crucial in patients with M...

    Authors: Per O. Andersson, Sofia Sederholm Lawesson, Jan-Erik Karlsson, Staffan Nilsson and Ingela Thylén

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:167

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Little research has examined whether shared decision making (SDM) occurs in consultations for acute respiratory infections (ARIs), including what, and how, antibiotic benefits and harms are discussed. We aimed...

    Authors: Mina Bakhit, Chris Del Mar, Elizabeth Gibson and Tammy Hoffmann

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:165

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Patient self-management support is recognised as a key component of chronic care. Education and training for health professionals has been shown in the literature to be associated with better uptake, implement...

    Authors: Andree Rochfort, Sinead Beirne, Gillian Doran, Patricia Patton, Jochen Gensichen, Ilkka Kunnamo, Susan Smith, Tina Eriksson and Claire Collins

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:163

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Patient-centeredness and therapeutic relationship are widely explored as a means to address the challenge of chronic disease and multi-morbidity management, however research focusing on the perspective of doct...

    Authors: Olivia Braillard, Anbreen Slama-Chaudhry, Catherine Joly, Nicolas Perone and David Beran

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:159

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  29. Content type: Research article

    The Central Australian Remote Practitioners Association Standard Treatment Manual (CARPA) contains protocols for primary health care in remote Central Australia. This context stands in stark contrast to the ma...

    Authors: Jeremy A. Jones and Carole A. Reeve

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:157

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  30. Content type: Research article

    The UK Government document 5 year forward view describes the need to move chronic disease management from secondary to primary care, which will require a significant increase in the numbers of General Practice Nu...

    Authors: Robin Lewis and Shona Kelly

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:156

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  31. Content type: Research article

    In primary health care, patient safety failures can arise in service access, doctor-patient relationships, communication between care providers, relational and management continuity, or technical procedures. T...

    Authors: Gavin Daker-White, Rebecca Hays, Thomas Blakeman, Sarah Croke, Benjamin Brown, Aneez Esmail and Peter Bower

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:155

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Vaccination is an important element of health maintenance in family medicine. The 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV23) is highly recommended for the elderly, but its uptake is low in Japan. P...

    Authors: Mariko Higuchi, Keiichiro Narumoto, Takahiro Goto and Machiko Inoue

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:153

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  33. Content type: Research article

    People use a variety of means to find health information, including searching the Internet, seeking print sources, and talking to healthcare providers, family members, and friends. Doctors are considered the m...

    Authors: Christine M. Swoboda, Joseph M. Van Hulle, Ann Scheck McAlearney and Timothy R. Huerta

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:146

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Adolescents with chronic health conditions and/or disabilities (CHC/D’s) often face challenges when transitioning to adult care, which leads to a higher risk of morbidity and mortality. Although it is recommen...

    Authors: Angela Xiao Han, Sandy Rosalie Whitehouse, Steve Tsai, Sandy Hwang and Sally Thorne

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:140

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Adherence to osteoporosis treatment is crucial for good treatment effects. However, adherence has been shown to be poor and a substantial part of the patients don’t even initiate treatment. This study aimed to...

    Authors: Karin M. A. Swart, Myrthe van Vilsteren, Wesley van Hout, Esther Draak, Babette C. van der Zwaard, Henriette E. van der Horst, Jacqueline G. Hugtenburg and Petra J. M. Elders

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:141

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Evidence-based practice for healthy lifestyle promotion in primary health care is supported internationally by national policies and guidelines but implementation in routine primary health care has been slow. ...

    Authors: Anne H. Berman, Karoline Kolaas, Elisabeth Petersén, Preben Bendtsen, Erik Hedman, Catharina Linderoth, Ulrika Müssener, Kristina Sinadinovic, Fredrik Spak, Ida Gremyr and Anna Thurang

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:139

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Colorectal cancer (CRC) survivors experience difficulty navigating complex care pathways. Sharing care between GPs and specialist services has been proposed to improve health outcomes in cancer survivors follo...

    Authors: Lawrence Tan, Gisselle Gallego, Thi Thao Cam Nguyen, Les Bokey and Jennifer Reath

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:134

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Despite the risks, concussion symptoms often go underreported by athletes, leading to delayed or forgone treatment and increased potential for concussion recurrence. One of the most serious long-term consequen...

    Authors: Elizabeth A. Beverly, Todd R. Fredricks, Andrew Leubitz, Benjamin R. Oldach, Daniel Kana, Michael D. Grant, Jonathon Whipps and Emily H. Guseman

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:128

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Discharge summary with medication report effectively counteracts drug-related problems due to insufficient information transfer in care transitions. The benefits of the discharge summary may be lost if it is n...

    Authors: Gabriella Caleres, Eva Lena Strandberg, Åsa Bondesson, Patrik Midlöv and Sara Modig

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:127

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  40. Content type: Research article

    The majority of patients who seek help for insomnia do so in primary health care. Nurse-led group treatment in primary care based on cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) can lead to improvements i...

    Authors: Christina Sandlund, Kimberly Kane, Mirjam Ekstedt and Jeanette Westman

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:111

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Bowel cancer is the third most common cause of cancer death worldwide. Bowel screening has been shown to reduce mortality and primary care interventions have been successful in increasing uptake of screening. ...

    Authors: Debbie Cavers, Natalia Calanzani, Sheina Orbell, Gabriele Vojt, Robert J. C. Steele, Linda Brownlee, Steve Smith, Julietta Patnick, David Weller and Christine Campbell

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:105

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Although the recovery of patients suffering from low back pain is highly context dependent, patient preferences about treatment options are seldom incorporated into the therapeutic plan. Shared decision-making...

    Authors: Ariëtte R. J. Sanders, Jozien M. Bensing, Tessa Magnée, Peter Verhaak and Niek J. de Wit

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:102

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Inappropriate prescribing of antibiotics poses an urgent public health threat. Limited research has examined factors associated with antibiotic prescribing practices in outpatient settings. The goals of this s...

    Authors: Traci D. Yates, Marion E. Davis, Yhenneko J. Taylor, Lisa Davidson, Crystal D. Connor, Katherine Buehler and Melanie D. Spencer

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:96

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Most patients in end-of-life with life-threatening diseases prefer to be cared for and die at home. Nevertheless, the majority die in hospitals. GPs have a pivotal role in providing end-of-life care at patient...

    Authors: Anna Kirstine Winthereik, Mette Asbjoern Neergaard, Anders Bonde Jensen and Peter Vedsted

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:91

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  45. Content type: Research article

    The aim of our study was to determine the association of anxiety and depression symptoms, as well as the main socio-demographic factors, with patients’ satisfaction with primary healthcare services.

    Authors: Rima Kavalnienė, Aušra Deksnyte, Vytautas Kasiulevičius, Virginijus Šapoka, Ramūnas Aranauskas and Lukas Aranauskas

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:90

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