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Knowledge, attitudes, behaviors, education, and communication

Section edited by Carolyn Chew-Graham and Chris Burton

This section covers, though is not limited to, education in general practice, health literacy and communication skills, eHealth and medical record systems, patient reported outcomes and quality indicators, and patient-physician relations, within the context of primary care.

Page 1 of 8

  1. Content type: Research article

    Colorectal cancer (CRC) survivors experience difficulty navigating complex care pathways. Sharing care between GPs and specialist services has been proposed to improve health outcomes in cancer survivors follo...

    Authors: Lawrence Tan, Gisselle Gallego, Thi Thao Cam Nguyen, Les Bokey and Jennifer Reath

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:134

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Despite the risks, concussion symptoms often go underreported by athletes, leading to delayed or forgone treatment and increased potential for concussion recurrence. One of the most serious long-term consequen...

    Authors: Elizabeth A. Beverly, Todd R. Fredricks, Andrew Leubitz, Benjamin R. Oldach, Daniel Kana, Michael D. Grant, Jonathon Whipps and Emily H. Guseman

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:128

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Discharge summary with medication report effectively counteracts drug-related problems due to insufficient information transfer in care transitions. The benefits of the discharge summary may be lost if it is n...

    Authors: Gabriella Caleres, Eva Lena Strandberg, Åsa Bondesson, Patrik Midlöv and Sara Modig

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:127

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  4. Content type: Research article

    The majority of patients who seek help for insomnia do so in primary health care. Nurse-led group treatment in primary care based on cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) can lead to improvements i...

    Authors: Christina Sandlund, Kimberly Kane, Mirjam Ekstedt and Jeanette Westman

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:111

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Bowel cancer is the third most common cause of cancer death worldwide. Bowel screening has been shown to reduce mortality and primary care interventions have been successful in increasing uptake of screening. ...

    Authors: Debbie Cavers, Natalia Calanzani, Sheina Orbell, Gabriele Vojt, Robert J. C. Steele, Linda Brownlee, Steve Smith, Julietta Patnick, David Weller and Christine Campbell

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:105

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Although the recovery of patients suffering from low back pain is highly context dependent, patient preferences about treatment options are seldom incorporated into the therapeutic plan. Shared decision-making...

    Authors: Ariëtte R. J. Sanders, Jozien M. Bensing, Tessa Magnée, Peter Verhaak and Niek J. de Wit

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:102

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Inappropriate prescribing of antibiotics poses an urgent public health threat. Limited research has examined factors associated with antibiotic prescribing practices in outpatient settings. The goals of this s...

    Authors: Traci D. Yates, Marion E. Davis, Yhenneko J. Taylor, Lisa Davidson, Crystal D. Connor, Katherine Buehler and Melanie D. Spencer

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:96

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Most patients in end-of-life with life-threatening diseases prefer to be cared for and die at home. Nevertheless, the majority die in hospitals. GPs have a pivotal role in providing end-of-life care at patient...

    Authors: Anna Kirstine Winthereik, Mette Asbjoern Neergaard, Anders Bonde Jensen and Peter Vedsted

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:91

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The aim of our study was to determine the association of anxiety and depression symptoms, as well as the main socio-demographic factors, with patients’ satisfaction with primary healthcare services.

    Authors: Rima Kavalnienė, Aušra Deksnyte, Vytautas Kasiulevičius, Virginijus Šapoka, Ramūnas Aranauskas and Lukas Aranauskas

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:90

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Exploring frontline staff perceptions of patient safety is important, because they largely determine how improvement interventions are understood and implemented. However, research evidence in this area is ver...

    Authors: Carl de Wet, Paul Bowie and Catherine O’Donnell

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:83

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  11. Content type: Research article

    This study investigated the effects of three different risk displays used in a cardiovascular risk calculator on patients’ motivation for shared decision-making (SDM). We compared a newly developed time-to-eve...

    Authors: Nikita Roman A. Jegan, Sarah Anna Kürwitz, Lena Kathrin Kramer, Monika Heinzel-Gutenbrunner, Charles Christian Adarkwah, Uwe Popert and Norbert Donner-Banzhoff

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:84

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Providing relevant information on disease and self-management helps patients to seek timely contact with care providers and become actively involved in their own care process. Therefore, health professionals f...

    Authors: Aniek A. O. M. Claassen, Henk J. Schers, Sander Koëter, Willemijn H. van der Laan, Keetie C. A. L. C. Kremers-van de Hei, Joris Botman, Vincent J. J. F. Busch, Wim H. C. Rijnen and Cornelia H. M. van den Ende

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:82

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Guideline adherence in chronic kidney disease management is low, despite guideline implementation initiatives. Knowing general practitioners’ (GPs’) perspectives of management of early-stage chronic kidney dis...

    Authors: Carola van Dipten, Saskia van Berkel, Wim J. C. de Grauw, Nynke D. Scherpbier-de Haan, Bouke Brongers, Karel van Spaendonck, Jack F. M. Wetzels, Willem J. J. Assendelft and Marianne K. Dees

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:81

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  14. Content type: Research article

    In managing a life with coronary heart disease and the possibility of planning and following a rehabilitation plan, patients’ empowerment and self-efficacy are considered important. However, currently there is...

    Authors: Anita Kärner Köhler, Pia Tingström, Tiny Jaarsma and Staffan Nilsson

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:76

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  15. Content type: Research article

    High turnover among general practitioners (GPs) is a significant challenge in China’s efforts to build a sustainable, effective primary care system, but little data is available to help understand and address ...

    Authors: Yong Gan, Yanhong Gong, Yawen Chen, Shiyi Cao, Liqing Li, Yanfeng Zhou, Chulani Herath, Wenzhen Li, Xingyue Song, Jing Li, Tingting Yang, Xiaoxv Yin and Zuxun Lu

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:74

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Despite the recommended guidelines on addressing diet for the management and prevention of obesity in primary care, the literature highlights that their implementation has been suboptimal. In this paper, we pr...

    Authors: Stephanie Aboueid, Ivy Bourgeault and Isabelle Giroux

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:69

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Primary care is changing rapidly to meet the needs of an ageing and chronically ill population. New ways of working are called for yet the introduction of innovative service interventions is complicated by org...

    Authors: Ian Litchfield, Paramjit Gill, Tony Avery, Stephen Campbell, Katherine Perryman, Kate Marsden and Sheila Greenfield

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:72

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  18. Content type: Research article

    The current reality of primary care (PC) makes it essential to have telemedicine systems available to facilitate communication between care levels. Communities of practice have great potential in terms of care...

    Authors: David Lacasta Tintorer, Josep Maria Manresa Domínguez, Enriqueta Pujol-Rivera, Souhel Flayeh Beneyto, Xavier Mundet Tuduri and Francesc Saigí-Rubió

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:56

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Evidence-based preventive care recommendations have been well established, but studies have persistently reported gaps between these recommendations and general practitioners’ practices in providing preventive...

    Authors: Denise Y. S. Tam, Yvonne Y. C. Lo and Wendy Tsui

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:58

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with poor glycaemic control can represent a challenge from the perspective of the general practitioner (GP). Apart from patient-sided factors, the understanding of...

    Authors: Anja Wollny, Michael Pentzek, Oliver Rudolf Herber, Heinz-Harald Abholz, Jürgen in der Schmitten, Andrea Icks, Stefan Wilm and Elisabeth Gummersbach

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:49

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Encouraging early child development and the early identification of developmental difficulties is a priority. The Ministry of Health in the Australian State of New South Wales (NSW), has recommended a program ...

    Authors: Pankaj Garg, My Trinh Ha, John Eastwood, Susan Harvey, Sue Woolfenden, Elisabeth Murphy, Cheryl Dissanayake, Katrina Williams, Bin Jalaludin, Anne McKenzie, Stewart Einfeld, Natalie Silove, Kate Short and Valsamma Eapen

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:42

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Self-efficacy has been shown to be positively correlated with self-care behaviour and glycaemic control among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, such evidence is lacking in the Malaysian primary ...

    Authors: Zahirah Tharek, Anis Safura Ramli, David Leonard Whitford, Zaliha Ismail, Maryam Mohd Zulkifli, Siti Khuzaimah Ahmad Sharoni, Asrul Akmal Shafie and Thevaraajan Jayaraman

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:39

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Frequent users of healthcare services are a vulnerable population that deserves attention due to high costs and negative outcomes such as lower quality of life and higher mortality. Healthcare systems should o...

    Authors: Éva Marjorie Couture, Maud-Christine Chouinard, Martin Fortin and Catherine Hudon

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:38

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  24. Content type: Research article

    In the Netherlands, a substantial proportion of newly diagnosed HIV patients present late for care, therefore, we investigated the effectiveness of a blended educational programme for trainers of GPs designed ...

    Authors: Ivo Kim Joore, Jan E. A. M. van Bergen, Gerben ter Riet, A. van der Maat and N. van Dijk

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:36

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Chronically ill patients such as people with type 2 diabetes develop perceptions of their illness, which will influence their coping behaviour. Perceptions are formed once a health threat has been recognised. ...

    Authors: Rimke Cathelijne Vos, Marise Jeannine Kasteleyn, Monique Johanna Heijmans, Elke de Leeuw, François Georges Schellevis, Mieke Rijken and Guy Emile Rutten

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:35

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Public performance reporting (PPR) of hospital data aims to improve quality of care in hospitals and to inform consumer choice. In Australia, general practitioners (GPs) are gatekeepers to secondary care with ...

    Authors: Khic-Houy Prang, Rachel Canaway, Marie Bismark, David Dunt and Margaret Kelaher

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:29

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Professionally-focussed behaviour change intervention (BCI) workshops were utilised in the Management of OsteoArthritis in Consultations (MOSAICS) trial investigating the feasibility of implementing the Nation...

    Authors: Mark Porcheret, Chris Main, Peter Croft and Krysia Dziedzic

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:26

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Illness perception questionnaires for various medical conditions have become more useful in recent years. However, very few have addressed this issue for Type 2 diabetes in Saudi Arabia.

    Authors: Sameer Al-Ghamdi, Gulfam Ahmad, Ali Hassan Ali, Nasraddin Bahakim, Salman Alomran, Waleed Alhowikan, Salman Almutairi, Tariq Basalem and Faisal Aljuaid

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:21

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Psychiatric complaints are common among primary care patients, with depression and anxiety being the most frequent. Diagnosis of anxiety and depression can be difficult, potentially leading to over- as well as...

    Authors: Agneta Pettersson, Sonja Modin, Rolf Wahlström, Sandra af Winklerfelt Hammarberg and Ingvar Krakau

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:19

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Providing sickness certification is a decision that primary care physicians make on a daily basis. The majority of sickness certification studies in the literature involve a general assessment of physician or ...

    Authors: Yogarabindranath Swarna Nantha, Lei Hum Wee and Caryn Mei-Hsien Chan

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:18

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Although many studies have documented patient-, clinician-, and organizational barriers/facilitators of primary care among people with mental illnesses, few have examined whether these factors predict actual r...

    Authors: Bobbi Jo H. Yarborough, Scott P. Stumbo, Nancy A. Perrin, Ginger C. Hanson, John Muench and Carla A. Green

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:16

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Given both the increase of nursing home residents forecast and challenges of current interprofessional interactions, we developed and tested measures to improve collaboration and communication between nurses a...

    Authors: Christiane A. Müller, Nina Fleischmann, Christoph Cavazzini, Susanne Heim, Svenja Seide, Christina Geister, Britta Tetzlaff, Andreas Hoell, Jochen Werle, Siegfried Weyerer, Martin Scherer and Eva Hummers

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:14

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  33. Content type: Research article

    The accuracy of blood pressure measurement is variable in office-based settings. Even when staff training programs are effective, knowledge and skills decay over time, supporting the need for ongoing staff tra...

    Authors: Lauren Block, Sarah J. Flynn, Lisa A. Cooper, Caroline Lentz, Tammie Hull, Katherine B. Dietz and Romsai T. Boonyasai

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:13

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Acute fever is the most common pediatric condition encountered in general practice and a source of parental concern that can result in inappropriate behavior. The main objective of this study was to describe a...

    Authors: Anthony Chapron, Marc Brochard, Chloé Rousseau, Anne-Charlotte Rousseau, Martine Brujean, Laure Fiquet and Virginie Gandemer

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:7

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Shifting care from the secondary to the primary system may present an opportunity to ensure that the increasing number of patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) receive high-quality care while containing co...

    Authors: J. A. Wildeboer, A. R. T. van de Ven and D. de Boer

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:8

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Depression is one of the most common mental disorders in old age and is associated with various negative health consequences for the affected individual. Studies suggest that patients’ views on depression have...

    Authors: Anne Stark, Hanna Kaduszkiewicz, Janine Stein, Wolfgang Maier, Kathrin Heser, Siegfried Weyerer, Jochen Werle, Birgitt Wiese, Silke Mamone, Hans-Helmut König, Jens-Oliver Bock, Steffi G. Riedel-Heller and Martin Scherer

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:2

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Millions of people with substance use disorders (SUDs) need, but do not receive, treatment. Delivering SUD treatment in primary care settings could increase access to treatment because most people visit their ...

    Authors: Allison J. Ober, Katherine E. Watkins, Sarah B. Hunter, Brett Ewing, Karen Lamp, Mimi Lind, Kirsten Becker, Keith Heinzerling, Karen C. Osilla, Allison L. Diamant and Claude M. Setodji

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2017 18:107

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Medical overuse is a topic of growing interest in health care systems and especially in primary care. It comprises both over investigation and overtreatment. Quaternary prevention strategies aim at protecting ...

    Authors: Kathrin Alber, Thomas Kuehlein, Angela Schedlbauer and Susann Schaffer

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2017 18:99

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Despite recent guidelines suggesting that patients with chronic non-malignant pain might not benefit, there has been a significant rise in opioid prescription for chronic non-malignant pain. This topic is impo...

    Authors: Fran Toye, Kate Seers, Stephanie Tierney and Karen Louise Barker

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2017 18:94

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Migrants are more likely to use out-of-hours primary care, especially for nonurgent problems. Their motives and expectations for help-seeking are as yet unknown. The objective of this study is to examine the m...

    Authors: Ellen Keizer, Peter Bakker, Paul Giesen, Michel Wensing, Femke Atsma, Marleen Smits and Maria van den Muijsenbergh

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2017 18:92

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Gout is the most common form of inflammatory arthritis and is associated with considerable co-morbidity. It is usually managed in the primary care setting with a combination of lifestyle modification and pharm...

    Authors: Anthony Dowell, Caroline Morris, Lindsay Macdonald and Maria Stubbe

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2017 18:91

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Effective management of people with knee osteoarthritis (OA) requires development of new models of care, and successful implementation relies on engagement of general practitioners (GPs). This study used a qua...

    Authors: Thorlene Egerton, Rachel Nelligan, Jenny Setchell, Lou Atkins and Kim L. Bennell

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2017 18:85

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Diagnostic uncertainty is one of the largest contributory factors to the occurrence of diagnostic errors across most specialties in medicine and arguably uncertainty is greatest in primary care due to the undi...

    Authors: Rahul Alam, Sudeh Cheraghi-Sohi, Maria Panagioti, Aneez Esmail, Stephen Campbell and Efharis Panagopoulou

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2017 18:79

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Blood transfusion in chronic anemia is not covered by guidelines specific to older adults. When they consider that this treatment is necessary in elderly patients, French general practitioners (GPs) contact a ...

    Authors: Sylvain Le Calvé, Dominique Somme, Joaquim Prud’homm and Aline Corvol

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2017 18:76

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