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Knowledge, attitudes, behaviors, education, and communication

This section covers, though is not limited to, health literacy, professional boundaries, eHealth and medical record systems, patient-reported outcome measures and quality indicators, and patient-physician relations, within the context of primary care.

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  1. General practitioners (GPs) increasingly manage patients with multimorbidity but report challenges in doing so. Patients describe poor experiences with health care systems that treat each of their health condi...

    Authors: Raechel A. Damarell, Deidre D. Morgan and Jennifer J. Tieman

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:131

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Due to the perennial shortage of diabetes specialists, primary care physicians (PCPs) constitute the largest diabetes care manpower in Nigeria. However, the competence of the PCPs to undertake this task is not...

    Authors: Ejiofor Ugwu, Ekenechukwu Young and Marcellinus Nkpozi

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:128

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Mental health problems is frequent among children and psychopathology in early childhood seems to predict mental disorders in adulthood. All Danish children are offered seven free well-child visits at their Ge...

    Authors: Julie Ravneberg Stokholm and Kirsten Lykke

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:126

    Content type: Research article

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  4. General Practitioners (GPs) are increasingly affected by stress-related complaints and burnout. Although many studies have addressed this issue, little is known about the stress burden and burnout rates of pos...

    Authors: Till J. Bugaj, Katja Krug, Annalena Rentschler, Christoph Nikendei, Joachim Szecsenyi and Simon Schwill

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:123

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Very Brief Advice on smoking (VBA) is an evidence-based intervention designed to increase quit attempts among patients who smoke. VBA has been widely disseminated in general practice settings in the United Kin...

    Authors: Sophia Papadakis, Marilena Anastasaki, Maria Papadakaki, Μaria Antonopoulou, Constantine Chliveros, Chrissi Daskalaki, Dionisis Varthalis, Sofia Triantafyllou, Irene Vasilaki, Andy McEwen and Christos Lionis

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:121

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Although antibiotics have little or no benefit for most upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs), they continue to be prescribed frequently in primary care. Physicians perceive that patients’ expectations in...

    Authors: Sameh Mortazhejri, Andrea M. Patey, Dawn Stacey, R. Sacha Bhatia, Alykhan Abdulla and Jeremy M. Grimshaw

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:119

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Domestic violence and abuse (DVA) is common and damaging to health. UK national guidance advocates a multi-agency response to DVA, and domestic homicide reviews consistently recommend improved information-shar...

    Authors: Katherine Pitt, Sandi Dheensa, Gene Feder, Emma Johnson, Mei-See Man, Jessica Roy, Emma Williamson and Eszter Szilassy

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:117

    Content type: Research article

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  8. China’s standardized training for residents of General Practitioners (GPs) is aimed at providing the postgraduate training for family doctors who will serve the primary health care institutions. The aim of thi...

    Authors: Hongjing Wang, Jin He, Dongzhi Zhang, Yue Wu, Peidong Wang and Hui Cai

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:112

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Although primary care settings provide a large-scale and high-reach opportunity for weight management and obesity prevention, the proportion of adults in the United Kingdom (UK) who report receiving weight man...

    Authors: Nathan Critchlow, Gillian Rosenberg, Harriet Rumgay, Robert Petty and Jyotsna Vohra

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:111

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Dementia is under-diagnosed in primary care. Timely diagnosis and care management improve outcomes for patients and caregivers. This research evaluated the effectiveness of a nationwide Continuing Medical Educ...

    Authors: Anne-Nicole Casey, M. Mofizul Islam, Heike Schütze, Anne Parkinson, Laurann Yen, Allan Shell, Margaret Winbolt and Henry Brodaty

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:104

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The organized colorectal cancer (CRC) screening program in the canton of Vaud, Switzerland offers citizens the choice of the faecal immunochemical test (FIT) or colonoscopy via a visit with a family physician ...

    Authors: Camille Poroes, Jacques Cornuz, Alexandre Gouveia, Cyril Ducros and Kevin Selby

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:103

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Hypertension is the most common chronic disease and is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Its screening, diagnosis, and management depend heavily on accurate blood pressure (BP) measurement. It is r...

    Authors: Eric Kam Pui Lee, Ryan Chun Ming Choi, Licheng Liu, Tiffany Gao, Benjamin Hon Kei Yip and Samuel Yeung Shan Wong

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:95

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Although patient-centred care has become increasingly important across all medical specialties, when it comes to end of life care, research has shown that treatments ordered are not often concordant with peopl...

    Authors: Carrie Bernard, Amy Tan, Marissa Slaven, Dawn Elston, Daren K. Heyland and Michelle Howard

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:94

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Increasing the integration of community volunteers into primary health care delivery has the potential to improve person-focused, coordinated care, yet the use of volunteers in primary care is largely unexplor...

    Authors: Jessica Gaber, Doug Oliver, Ruta Valaitis, Laura Cleghorn, Larkin Lamarche, Ernie Avilla, Fiona Parascandalo, David Price and Lisa Dolovich

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:92

    Content type: Research article

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  15. General practitioners (GPs) play a significant role in dementia care. However, the knowledge and attitudes of them towards dementia care are poorly characterized. The present study aimed to investigate GPs’ kn...

    Authors: Meirong Wang, Xiaojingyuan Xu, Yafang Huang, Shuang Shao, Xiaolei Chen, Jing Li and Juan Du

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:89

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Evidence-based medicine (EBM) aims to assist physicians in making medical decisions based on the integration of the current best evidence, clinical expertise, and patients’ values. Extensive research has been ...

    Authors: Danijel Nejašmić, Davorka Vrdoljak, Valerija Bralić Lang, Josip Anđelo Borovac and Ana Marušić

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:88

    Content type: Research article

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  17. For people with hearing loss, the General Practitioner (GP) can play an instrumental role in early detection of hearing loss as well as guiding appropriate and timely choices for addressing hearing concerns. T...

    Authors: Rebecca J. Bennett, Susan Fletcher, Nicole Conway and Caitlin Barr

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:87

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Studies on professional identity and related factors among Chinese general practitioners (GPs) are unavailable. The objective of this study was to investigate the professional identity level of GPs in China an...

    Authors: Liqing Li, Yong Gan, Yudi Yang, Heng Jiang, Kai Lu, Xiaogang Zhou, Zhiqiang Nie, Sampson Opoku, Yanling Zheng, Fang Yu and Zuxun Lu

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:80

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Atrial fibrillation (AF) and other arrhythmias are prevalent and often encountered by general practitioners (GPs). In response to the growing prevalence and to assist practitioners in the diagnosis and managem...

    Authors: Kam Cheong Wong, Cindy Kok, Simone Marschner, Tim Usherwood and Clara K. Chow

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:79

    Content type: Research article

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  20. A proactive person-centred care process is advocated for people with multimorbidity. To that aim, general practitioners may benefit from support in the identification of high-need patients, i.e. patients who a...

    Authors: Mieke Rijken, José Maria Valderas, Marianne Heins, Francois Schellevis and Joke Korevaar

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:75

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Despite evidence supporting the effectiveness of alcohol screening and brief advice to reduce heavy drinking, implementation in primary healthcare remains limited. The challenges that clinicians experience whe...

    Authors: Amy O’Donnell, Barbara Hanratty, Bernd Schulte and Eileen Kaner

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:68

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The National Health Insurance Administration of Taiwan has introduced several pay-for-performance programs to improve the quality of healthcare. This study aimed to provide government with evidence-based resea...

    Authors: Chyi-Feng Jan, Meng-Chih Lee, Ching-Ming Chiu, Cheng-Kuo Huang, Shinn-Jang Hwang, Che-Jui Chang and Tai-Yuan Chiu

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:60

    Content type: Research article

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  23. More and more family physicians (FPs) are using point-of-care ultrasonography (POCUS) in Europe. Still, there is no general consensus about the specific knowledge and skills that a FP should acquire in order t...

    Authors: Vesna Homar, Zala Kumse Gale, Mitja Lainscak and Igor Svab

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:56

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Primary care networks in Germany are formalized regional collaborations of physicians and other healthcare providers. Common goals are optimized healthcare processes and services for patients, enhanced communi...

    Authors: Regina Poss-Doering, Martina Kamradt, Katharina Glassen, Edith Andres, Petra Kaufmann-Kolle and Michel Wensing

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:51

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Offspring of type 2 diabetes patients have an absolute risk of 20–40% of developing the condition. Type 2 diabetes patients should be encouraged to speak to their offspring regarding diabetes risk and preventi...

    Authors: Siti Fatimah Badlishah-Sham, Anis Safura Ramli, Mohamad Rodi Isa, Nurzakiah Mohd-Zaki and David Leonard Whitford

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:50

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The informal curriculum is a seemingly well-explored concept in the realm of medical education. However, it is a concept with multiple definitions and the term “the hidden curriculum” is often used interchange...

    Authors: Erica Rothlind, Uno Fors, Helena Salminen, Per Wändell and Solvig Ekblad

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:49

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is underdiagnosed in many European countries and the process of accessing care and diagnosis is complex and variable. In many countries, general practitioners (G...

    Authors: B. French, E. Perez Vallejos, K. Sayal and D. Daley

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:45

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Pain-related fear-avoidance (FA) is a common problem affecting many patients with painful medical conditions. As there is great interest in the clinical importance of the relationship between FA and disability...

    Authors: Antonio I. Cuesta-Vargas, Randy Neblett, Robert J. Gatchel and Cristina Roldán-Jiménez

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:44

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Despite proven effectiveness of colorectal cancer (CRC) screening, at least 35% of screen-eligible adults are not current with screening. Decision aids and risk prediction tools may help increase uptake, adher...

    Authors: Marianne S. Matthias and Thomas F. Imperiale

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:43

    Content type: Research article

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  30. In order to combat rising rates of antimicrobial resistant infections, it is vital that antimicrobial stewardship become embedded in primary health care (PHC). Despite the high use of antimicrobials in PHC set...

    Authors: Christine Lee, Maryam Jafari, Regan Brownbridge, Casey Phillips and Jason R. Vanstone

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:42

    Content type: Research article

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  31. NICE guidelines for the management of emotional concerns in primary care emphasise the importance of communication and a trusting relationship, which is difficult to operationalise in practice. Current pressur...

    Authors: Daisy Parker, Richard Byng, Chris Dickens and Rose McCabe

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:35

    Content type: Research article

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  32. ‘Ad hoc’ help-seeking by trainees from their supervisors during trainee consultations is important for patient safety, and trainee professional development. We explored trainee objectives and activities in see...

    Authors: Nancy Sturman, Christine Jorm and Malcolm Parker

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:28

    Content type: Research article

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  33. A well-functioning general practice sector that has a strong research component is recognised as a key foundation of any modern health system. General practitioners (GPs) are more likely to collaborate in rese...

    Authors: Andrew O’Regan, Peter Hayes, Ray O’Connor, Monica Casey, Pat O’Dwyer, Aidan Culhane, Patrick O’Donnell, Gary Stack, John Cuddihy, Billy O’Connell, Jerry O’Flynn, Walter Cullen, Jane O’Doherty, Maurice O’Connell and Liam Glynn

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:25

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Patient information materials and decision aids are essential tools for helping patients make informed decisions and share in decision-making. The aim of this study was to investigate the quality of the writte...

    Authors: Nicole Posch, Karl Horvath, Kerstin Wratschko, Jasper Plath, Richard Brodnig and Andrea Siebenhofer

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:23

    Content type: Research article

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  35. While cigarette smoking has been considered the most relevant tobacco product worldwide, waterpipe tobacco smoking (WTS) has increased in prevalence globally and calls for more considerable attention now. Howe...

    Authors: Maya Romani, Sarah Jawhar, Manar Shalak and Jumana Antoun

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:21

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Patient safety issues in primary health care and in emergency departments have not been as thoroughly explored as patient safety issues in the hospital setting. Knowledge is particularly sparse regarding which...

    Authors: Rita Fernholm, Martin J. Holzmann, Caroline Wachtler, Robert Szulkin, Axel C. Carlsson and Karin Pukk Härenstam

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:20

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Overweight in children is a rising problem leading to serious consequences later in life. The Dutch guideline ‘Obesity’ for general practitioners recommends discussing obesity in children regardless of the rea...

    Authors: Joline C. van der Maas, Ronald J. Corbee, Floor M. Kroese, Denise T. D. de Ridder, Rimke C. Vos, Mirjam Nielen and Evelyn Monninkhof

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:18

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Numerous instruments have been developed to assess patient reported outcomes; most approaches however focus on a single condition. With the increasing prevalence of multimorbidity, this might no longer be appr...

    Authors: Esther A. Boudewijns, Danny Claessens, Onno C. P. van Schayck, Lotte C. E. M. Keijsers, Philippe L. Salomé, Johannes C. C. M. in ‘t Veen, Henk J. G. Bilo and Annerika H. M. Gidding-Slok

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:11

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Over the last two decades, ultrasonography (US) has been shown to be an accurate tool for the diagnosis of suspected bone fractures; however, the integration of this application of US into routine care and out...

    Authors: Gordian Lukas Schmid, Beatrice Kühnast, Marcus Heise, Tobias Deutsch and Thomas Frese

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:9

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Evidence-based medicine (EBM) in general practice involves applying a complex combination of best-available evidence, the patient’s preferences and the general practitioner’s (GP) clinical expertise in decisio...

    Authors: Lisanne S. Welink, Kaatje Van Roy, Roger A. M. J. Damoiseaux, Hilde A. Suijker, Peter Pype, Esther de Groot and Marie-Louise E. L. Bartelink

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:5

    Content type: Research article

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  41. This study has two aims: first, to identify variables associated with interprofessional collaboration (IPC) among a total of 315 Quebec mental health (MH) professionals working in MH primary care teams (PCTs, N =...

    Authors: Nicolas Ndibu Muntu Keba Kebe, François Chiocchio, Jean-Marie Bamvita and Marie-Josée Fleury

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:4

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Insomnia is a common sleep complaint, with 10% of adults in the general population experiencing insomnia disorder, defined as lasting longer than three months in DSM-5. Up to 50% of patients attending family p...

    Authors: Rowan P. Ogeil, Samantha P. Chakraborty, Alan C. Young and Dan I. Lubman

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2020 21:1

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Many general practitioners (GPs) struggle with the communication with patients with medically unexplained symptoms (MUS). This study aims to identify GPs’ difficulties in communication during MUS consultations.

    Authors: Juul Houwen, Peter L. B. J. Lucassen, Anna Verwiel, Hugo W. Stappers, Willem J. J. Assendelft, Tim C. olde Hartman and Sandra van Dulmen

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2019 20:180

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Physicians who receive a request for euthanasia or assisted suicide may experience a conflict of duties: the duty to preserve life on the one hand and the duty to relieve suffering on the other hand. Little is...

    Authors: Kirsten Evenblij, H. Roeline W. Pasman, Johannes J. M. van Delden, Agnes van der Heide, Suzanne van de Vathorst, Dick L. Willems and Bregje D. Onwuteaka-Philipsen

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2019 20:177

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Transient ischaemic attack (TIA) and minor stroke are often considered transient events; however, many patients experience residual problems and reduced quality of life. Current follow-up healthcare focuses on...

    Authors: Grace M. Turner, Christel McMullan, Lou Atkins, Robbie Foy, Jonathan Mant and Melanie Calvert

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2019 20:176

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Little is known about whether a more comprehensive health assessment, performed by a general practitioner (GP) during a clinical encounter, could influence patients’ lifestyle. We aimed to investigate whether ...

    Authors: David Alejandro Gonzalez-Chica, Jacqueline Bowden, Caroline Miller, Marie Longo, Mark Nelson, Christopher Reid and Nigel Stocks

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2019 20:173

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is high on the UK public health policy agenda, and poses challenges to patient safety and the provision of health services. Widespread prescribing of antibiotics is thought to in...

    Authors: Marieke M. van der Zande, Melanie Dembinsky, Giovanni Aresi and Tjeerd P. van Staa

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2019 20:172

    Content type: Research article

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