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Knowledge, attitudes, behaviors, education, and communication

Section edited by Carolyn Chew-Graham and Chris Burton

This section covers, though is not limited to, education in general practice, health literacy and communication skills, eHealth and medical record systems, patient reported outcomes and quality indicators, and patient-physician relations, within the context of primary care.

Page 1 of 8

  1. Content type: Research article

    Patient gender as well as doctor gender are known to affect doctor-patient interaction during a medical consultation. It is however not known whether an interaction of gender influences antibiotic prescribing....

    Authors: D. Eggermont, M. A. M. Smit, G. A. Kwestroo, R. A. Verheij, K. Hek and A. E. Kunst

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:175

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Older people can struggle with revealing their depression to GPs and verbalising preferences regarding its management. This contributes to problems for GPs in both detecting and managing depression in primary ...

    Authors: Isabel Gordon, Jonathan Ling, Louise Robinson, Catherine Hayes and Ann Crosland

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:173

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  3. Content type: Research article

    The implementation of multiple health behaviour change interventions for cardiovascular risk reduction in primary care is suboptimal. This study aimed to identify barriers and facilitators to implementing mult...

    Authors: Samah Alageel, Martin C. Gulliford, Lisa McDermott and Alison J. Wright

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:171

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Pain in people with dementia is underdiagnosed and undertreated. General practitioners (GPs) play a pivotal role in dementia care but their perspectives on pain in people with dementia remains under-researched...

    Authors: Aisling A Jennings, Maura Linehan and Tony Foley

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:166

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The characteristics of patients with on-going myocardial infarction (MI) contacting the primary healthcare (PHC) centre before hospitalisation are not well known. Prompt diagnosis is crucial in patients with M...

    Authors: Per O. Andersson, Sofia Sederholm Lawesson, Jan-Erik Karlsson, Staffan Nilsson and Ingela Thylén

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:167

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Little research has examined whether shared decision making (SDM) occurs in consultations for acute respiratory infections (ARIs), including what, and how, antibiotic benefits and harms are discussed. We aimed...

    Authors: Mina Bakhit, Chris Del Mar, Elizabeth Gibson and Tammy Hoffmann

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:165

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Patient self-management support is recognised as a key component of chronic care. Education and training for health professionals has been shown in the literature to be associated with better uptake, implement...

    Authors: Andree Rochfort, Sinead Beirne, Gillian Doran, Patricia Patton, Jochen Gensichen, Ilkka Kunnamo, Susan Smith, Tina Eriksson and Claire Collins

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:163

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Patient-centeredness and therapeutic relationship are widely explored as a means to address the challenge of chronic disease and multi-morbidity management, however research focusing on the perspective of doct...

    Authors: Olivia Braillard, Anbreen Slama-Chaudhry, Catherine Joly, Nicolas Perone and David Beran

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:159

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The Central Australian Remote Practitioners Association Standard Treatment Manual (CARPA) contains protocols for primary health care in remote Central Australia. This context stands in stark contrast to the ma...

    Authors: Jeremy A. Jones and Carole A. Reeve

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:157

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The UK Government document 5 year forward view describes the need to move chronic disease management from secondary to primary care, which will require a significant increase in the numbers of General Practice Nu...

    Authors: Robin Lewis and Shona Kelly

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:156

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  11. Content type: Research article

    In primary health care, patient safety failures can arise in service access, doctor-patient relationships, communication between care providers, relational and management continuity, or technical procedures. T...

    Authors: Gavin Daker-White, Rebecca Hays, Thomas Blakeman, Sarah Croke, Benjamin Brown, Aneez Esmail and Peter Bower

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:155

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Vaccination is an important element of health maintenance in family medicine. The 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV23) is highly recommended for the elderly, but its uptake is low in Japan. P...

    Authors: Mariko Higuchi, Keiichiro Narumoto, Takahiro Goto and Machiko Inoue

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:153

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  13. Content type: Research article

    People use a variety of means to find health information, including searching the Internet, seeking print sources, and talking to healthcare providers, family members, and friends. Doctors are considered the m...

    Authors: Christine M. Swoboda, Joseph M. Van Hulle, Ann Scheck McAlearney and Timothy R. Huerta

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:146

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Adolescents with chronic health conditions and/or disabilities (CHC/D’s) often face challenges when transitioning to adult care, which leads to a higher risk of morbidity and mortality. Although it is recommen...

    Authors: Angela Xiao Han, Sandy Rosalie Whitehouse, Steve Tsai, Sandy Hwang and Sally Thorne

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:140

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Adherence to osteoporosis treatment is crucial for good treatment effects. However, adherence has been shown to be poor and a substantial part of the patients don’t even initiate treatment. This study aimed to...

    Authors: Karin M. A. Swart, Myrthe van Vilsteren, Wesley van Hout, Esther Draak, Babette C. van der Zwaard, Henriette E. van der Horst, Jacqueline G. Hugtenburg and Petra J. M. Elders

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:141

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Evidence-based practice for healthy lifestyle promotion in primary health care is supported internationally by national policies and guidelines but implementation in routine primary health care has been slow. ...

    Authors: Anne H. Berman, Karoline Kolaas, Elisabeth Petersén, Preben Bendtsen, Erik Hedman, Catharina Linderoth, Ulrika Müssener, Kristina Sinadinovic, Fredrik Spak, Ida Gremyr and Anna Thurang

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:139

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Colorectal cancer (CRC) survivors experience difficulty navigating complex care pathways. Sharing care between GPs and specialist services has been proposed to improve health outcomes in cancer survivors follo...

    Authors: Lawrence Tan, Gisselle Gallego, Thi Thao Cam Nguyen, Les Bokey and Jennifer Reath

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:134

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Despite the risks, concussion symptoms often go underreported by athletes, leading to delayed or forgone treatment and increased potential for concussion recurrence. One of the most serious long-term consequen...

    Authors: Elizabeth A. Beverly, Todd R. Fredricks, Andrew Leubitz, Benjamin R. Oldach, Daniel Kana, Michael D. Grant, Jonathon Whipps and Emily H. Guseman

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:128

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Discharge summary with medication report effectively counteracts drug-related problems due to insufficient information transfer in care transitions. The benefits of the discharge summary may be lost if it is n...

    Authors: Gabriella Caleres, Eva Lena Strandberg, Åsa Bondesson, Patrik Midlöv and Sara Modig

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:127

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  20. Content type: Research article

    The majority of patients who seek help for insomnia do so in primary health care. Nurse-led group treatment in primary care based on cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) can lead to improvements i...

    Authors: Christina Sandlund, Kimberly Kane, Mirjam Ekstedt and Jeanette Westman

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:111

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Bowel cancer is the third most common cause of cancer death worldwide. Bowel screening has been shown to reduce mortality and primary care interventions have been successful in increasing uptake of screening. ...

    Authors: Debbie Cavers, Natalia Calanzani, Sheina Orbell, Gabriele Vojt, Robert J. C. Steele, Linda Brownlee, Steve Smith, Julietta Patnick, David Weller and Christine Campbell

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:105

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Although the recovery of patients suffering from low back pain is highly context dependent, patient preferences about treatment options are seldom incorporated into the therapeutic plan. Shared decision-making...

    Authors: Ariëtte R. J. Sanders, Jozien M. Bensing, Tessa Magnée, Peter Verhaak and Niek J. de Wit

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:102

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Inappropriate prescribing of antibiotics poses an urgent public health threat. Limited research has examined factors associated with antibiotic prescribing practices in outpatient settings. The goals of this s...

    Authors: Traci D. Yates, Marion E. Davis, Yhenneko J. Taylor, Lisa Davidson, Crystal D. Connor, Katherine Buehler and Melanie D. Spencer

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:96

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Most patients in end-of-life with life-threatening diseases prefer to be cared for and die at home. Nevertheless, the majority die in hospitals. GPs have a pivotal role in providing end-of-life care at patient...

    Authors: Anna Kirstine Winthereik, Mette Asbjoern Neergaard, Anders Bonde Jensen and Peter Vedsted

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:91

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  25. Content type: Research article

    The aim of our study was to determine the association of anxiety and depression symptoms, as well as the main socio-demographic factors, with patients’ satisfaction with primary healthcare services.

    Authors: Rima Kavalnienė, Aušra Deksnyte, Vytautas Kasiulevičius, Virginijus Šapoka, Ramūnas Aranauskas and Lukas Aranauskas

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:90

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Exploring frontline staff perceptions of patient safety is important, because they largely determine how improvement interventions are understood and implemented. However, research evidence in this area is ver...

    Authors: Carl de Wet, Paul Bowie and Catherine O’Donnell

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:83

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  27. Content type: Research article

    This study investigated the effects of three different risk displays used in a cardiovascular risk calculator on patients’ motivation for shared decision-making (SDM). We compared a newly developed time-to-eve...

    Authors: Nikita Roman A. Jegan, Sarah Anna Kürwitz, Lena Kathrin Kramer, Monika Heinzel-Gutenbrunner, Charles Christian Adarkwah, Uwe Popert and Norbert Donner-Banzhoff

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:84

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Providing relevant information on disease and self-management helps patients to seek timely contact with care providers and become actively involved in their own care process. Therefore, health professionals f...

    Authors: Aniek A. O. M. Claassen, Henk J. Schers, Sander Koëter, Willemijn H. van der Laan, Keetie C. A. L. C. Kremers-van de Hei, Joris Botman, Vincent J. J. F. Busch, Wim H. C. Rijnen and Cornelia H. M. van den Ende

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:82

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Guideline adherence in chronic kidney disease management is low, despite guideline implementation initiatives. Knowing general practitioners’ (GPs’) perspectives of management of early-stage chronic kidney dis...

    Authors: Carola van Dipten, Saskia van Berkel, Wim J. C. de Grauw, Nynke D. Scherpbier-de Haan, Bouke Brongers, Karel van Spaendonck, Jack F. M. Wetzels, Willem J. J. Assendelft and Marianne K. Dees

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:81

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  30. Content type: Research article

    In managing a life with coronary heart disease and the possibility of planning and following a rehabilitation plan, patients’ empowerment and self-efficacy are considered important. However, currently there is...

    Authors: Anita Kärner Köhler, Pia Tingström, Tiny Jaarsma and Staffan Nilsson

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:76

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  31. Content type: Research article

    High turnover among general practitioners (GPs) is a significant challenge in China’s efforts to build a sustainable, effective primary care system, but little data is available to help understand and address ...

    Authors: Yong Gan, Yanhong Gong, Yawen Chen, Shiyi Cao, Liqing Li, Yanfeng Zhou, Chulani Herath, Wenzhen Li, Xingyue Song, Jing Li, Tingting Yang, Xiaoxv Yin and Zuxun Lu

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:74

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Despite the recommended guidelines on addressing diet for the management and prevention of obesity in primary care, the literature highlights that their implementation has been suboptimal. In this paper, we pr...

    Authors: Stephanie Aboueid, Ivy Bourgeault and Isabelle Giroux

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:69

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Primary care is changing rapidly to meet the needs of an ageing and chronically ill population. New ways of working are called for yet the introduction of innovative service interventions is complicated by org...

    Authors: Ian Litchfield, Paramjit Gill, Tony Avery, Stephen Campbell, Katherine Perryman, Kate Marsden and Sheila Greenfield

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:72

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  34. Content type: Research article

    The current reality of primary care (PC) makes it essential to have telemedicine systems available to facilitate communication between care levels. Communities of practice have great potential in terms of care...

    Authors: David Lacasta Tintorer, Josep Maria Manresa Domínguez, Enriqueta Pujol-Rivera, Souhel Flayeh Beneyto, Xavier Mundet Tuduri and Francesc Saigí-Rubió

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:56

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Evidence-based preventive care recommendations have been well established, but studies have persistently reported gaps between these recommendations and general practitioners’ practices in providing preventive...

    Authors: Denise Y. S. Tam, Yvonne Y. C. Lo and Wendy Tsui

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:58

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with poor glycaemic control can represent a challenge from the perspective of the general practitioner (GP). Apart from patient-sided factors, the understanding of...

    Authors: Anja Wollny, Michael Pentzek, Oliver Rudolf Herber, Heinz-Harald Abholz, Jürgen in der Schmitten, Andrea Icks, Stefan Wilm and Elisabeth Gummersbach

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:49

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Encouraging early child development and the early identification of developmental difficulties is a priority. The Ministry of Health in the Australian State of New South Wales (NSW), has recommended a program ...

    Authors: Pankaj Garg, My Trinh Ha, John Eastwood, Susan Harvey, Sue Woolfenden, Elisabeth Murphy, Cheryl Dissanayake, Katrina Williams, Bin Jalaludin, Anne McKenzie, Stewart Einfeld, Natalie Silove, Kate Short and Valsamma Eapen

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:42

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Self-efficacy has been shown to be positively correlated with self-care behaviour and glycaemic control among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, such evidence is lacking in the Malaysian primary ...

    Authors: Zahirah Tharek, Anis Safura Ramli, David Leonard Whitford, Zaliha Ismail, Maryam Mohd Zulkifli, Siti Khuzaimah Ahmad Sharoni, Asrul Akmal Shafie and Thevaraajan Jayaraman

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:39

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Frequent users of healthcare services are a vulnerable population that deserves attention due to high costs and negative outcomes such as lower quality of life and higher mortality. Healthcare systems should o...

    Authors: Éva Marjorie Couture, Maud-Christine Chouinard, Martin Fortin and Catherine Hudon

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:38

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  40. Content type: Research article

    In the Netherlands, a substantial proportion of newly diagnosed HIV patients present late for care, therefore, we investigated the effectiveness of a blended educational programme for trainers of GPs designed ...

    Authors: Ivo Kim Joore, Jan E. A. M. van Bergen, Gerben ter Riet, A. van der Maat and N. van Dijk

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:36

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Chronically ill patients such as people with type 2 diabetes develop perceptions of their illness, which will influence their coping behaviour. Perceptions are formed once a health threat has been recognised. ...

    Authors: Rimke Cathelijne Vos, Marise Jeannine Kasteleyn, Monique Johanna Heijmans, Elke de Leeuw, François Georges Schellevis, Mieke Rijken and Guy Emile Rutten

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:35

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Public performance reporting (PPR) of hospital data aims to improve quality of care in hospitals and to inform consumer choice. In Australia, general practitioners (GPs) are gatekeepers to secondary care with ...

    Authors: Khic-Houy Prang, Rachel Canaway, Marie Bismark, David Dunt and Margaret Kelaher

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:29

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Professionally-focussed behaviour change intervention (BCI) workshops were utilised in the Management of OsteoArthritis in Consultations (MOSAICS) trial investigating the feasibility of implementing the Nation...

    Authors: Mark Porcheret, Chris Main, Peter Croft and Krysia Dziedzic

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:26

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Illness perception questionnaires for various medical conditions have become more useful in recent years. However, very few have addressed this issue for Type 2 diabetes in Saudi Arabia.

    Authors: Sameer Al-Ghamdi, Gulfam Ahmad, Ali Hassan Ali, Nasraddin Bahakim, Salman Alomran, Waleed Alhowikan, Salman Almutairi, Tariq Basalem and Faisal Aljuaid

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2018 19:21

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