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Epidemiology and research methodology in primary care

This section covers, though is not limited to, all aspects of epidemiological research and research methodology within the context of primary care.

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  1. Although end-of-life care has become an issue of great clinical and public health concern in Europe and beyond, we lack population-based nationwide data that monitor and compare the circumstances of dying and ...

    Authors: Lieve Van den Block, Bregje Onwuteaka-Philipsen, Koen Meeussen, Gé Donker, Francesco Giusti, Guido Miccinesi, Viviane Van Casteren, Tomas Vega Alonso, Oscar Zurriaga and Luc Deliens

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2013 14:73

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Diabetes mellitus is a highly prevalent condition in Malaysia, increasing from 11.6% in 2006 to 15.2% in 2011 among individuals 18 years and above. Co-morbid depression in diabetics is associated with hypergly...

    Authors: Gurpreet Kaur, Guat Hiong Tee, Suthahar Ariaratnam, Ambigga S Krishnapillai and Karuthan China

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2013 14:69

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a progressive, debilitating disease associated with significant clinical burden and is estimated to affect 15 million individuals in the US. Although a large num...

    Authors: Donna R Parker, Charles B Eaton, David K Ahern, Mary B Roberts, Caitlin Rafferty, Roberta E Goldman, F Dennis McCool and Joseph Wroblewski

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2013 14:56

    Content type: Study protocol

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  4. Streptococcus pneumoniae is the bacterial agent which most frequently causes pneumonia. In some Scandinavian countries, this infection is treated with penicillin V since the resistances of pneumococci to this an...

    Authors: Carl Llor, Javier Arranz, Rosa Morros, Anna García-Sangenís, Helena Pera, Joan Llobera, Mireia Guillén-Solà, Eugenia Carandell, Jesús Ortega, Silvia Hernández and Marc Miravitlles

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2013 14:50

    Content type: Study protocol

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  5. Many patients with chronic disease do not reach goals for management of their conditions. Self-management support provided by medical assistant health coaches within the clinical setting may help to improve cl...

    Authors: Rachel Willard-Grace, Denise DeVore, Ellen H Chen, Danielle Hessler, Thomas Bodenheimer and David H Thom

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2013 14:27

    Content type: Study protocol

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  6. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are one of the most common infections treated in ambulatory care settings, however the epidemiology differs by age and sex. The incidence of UTI is far greater in females than m...

    Authors: Jessina C McGregor, Miriam R Elman, David T Bearden and David H Smith

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2013 14:25

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Calculation of individual risk is the cornerstone of effective cardiovascular prevention. arriba is a software to estimate the individual risk to suffer a cardiovascular event in 10 years. Prognosis and the absol...

    Authors: Annette Diener, Salomé Celemín-Heinrich, Karl Wegscheider, Kai Kolpatzik, Katrin Tomaschko, Attila Altiner, Norbert Donner-Banzhoff and Jörg Haasenritter

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2013 14:13

    Content type: Study protocol

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  8. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is frequent and often coexists with other diseases. The aim of this study was to quantify the prevalence of COPD and related chronic comorbidity among patients aged...

    Authors: Luis García-Olmos, Ángel Alberquilla, Victoria Ayala, Pilar García-Sagredo, Leticia Morales, Montserrat Carmona, María José de Tena-Dávila, Mario Pascual, Adolfo Muñoz, Carlos H Salvador and Jose L Monteagudo

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2013 14:11

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Though general antibiotic consumption data is available, information on the actual patterns of prescribing antibiotics locally is difficult to obtain. An easy to use methodology was designed to assess ambulato...

    Authors: Uga Dumpis, Elīna Dimiņa, Mārtiņš Akermanis, Edgars Tirāns and Sarmīte Veide

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2013 14:9

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Inappropriate use of antidepressants (AD), defined as either continuation in the absence of a proper indication or continuation despite the lack of therapeutic efficacy, applies to approximately half of all lo...

    Authors: Esther Muskens, Rhona Eveleigh, Peter Lucassen, Chris van Weel, Jan Spijker, Peter Verhaak, Anne Speckens and Richard Oude Voshaar

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2013 14:6

    Content type: Study protocol

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  11. General practitioners often care for patients with several concurrent chronic medical conditions (multimorbidity). Recent data suggest that multimorbidity might be observed more often than isolated diseases in...

    Authors: Alessandro Rizza, Vladimir Kaplan, Oliver Senn, Thomas Rosemann, Heinz Bhend and Ryan Tandjung

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2012 13:113

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Lifestyle is one of the main determinants of people’s health. It is essential to find the most effective prevention strategies to be used to encourage behavioral changes in their patients. Many theories are av...

    Authors: Luis Á Pérula, Manuel Campiñez, Josep M Bosch, Nieves Barragán Brun, Juan C Arboniés, Julia Bóveda Fontán, Remedios Martín Alvarez, Jose A Prados, Enrique Martín-Rioboó, Josep Massons, Margarita Criado, José Á Fernández, Juan M Parras, Roger Ruiz-Moral and Jesús Manuel Novo

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2012 13:112

    Content type: Study protocol

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  13. In an attempt to control chronic benzodiazepine use and its costs in the Netherlands, health care insurance reimbursement of this medication was stopped on January 1st 2009. This study investigates whether benzod...

    Authors: Boudewijn J Kollen, Willem Jan van der Veen, Feikje Groenhof, Gé A Donker and Klaas van der Meer

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2012 13:111

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Individuals with only a subjective experience of cancer may conceal severe psychological distress and act like patients with verified disease. The purpose of the study was to establish whether some typical psy...

    Authors: Sonja Korpimäki, Markku Sumanen, Sakari Suominen and Kari Mattila

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2012 13:107

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The Provisional Diagnostic Instrument (PDI-4) is a brief, adult self-report instrument for 4 common psychiatric diagnoses in primary care patients: major depressive episode (MDE), generalized anxiety disorder ...

    Authors: Douglas E Faries, John P Houston, Ellen M Sulcs and Ralph W Swindle

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2012 13:104

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at increased risk for inappropriate or potentially harmful prescribing. The aim of this study was to examine whether a multifaceted intervention including the use...

    Authors: Antje Erler, Martin Beyer, Juliana J Petersen, Kristina Saal, Thomas Rath, Justine Rochon, Walter E Haefeli and Ferdinand M Gerlach

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2012 13:91

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The STRATIFY score is a clinical prediction rule (CPR) derived to assist clinicians to identify patients at risk of falling. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to determine the overall ...

    Authors: Jennifer Billington, Tom Fahey and Rose Galvin

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2012 13:76

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Research has indicated that general practitioners (GPs) have good clinical judgment in regards to diagnosing and managing herpes zoster (HZ) within clinical practice in a country with limited resources for pri...

    Authors: Christos D Lionis, Constantine I Vardavas, Emmanouil K Symvoulakis, Maria G Papadakaki, Foteini S Anastasiou, Maria D Antonopoulou, Charalampos M Apostolakis, Stelios A Dimitrakopoulos, George I Fountakis, Ilias A Grammatikopoulos, John D Komninos, Dimitris K Kounalakis, Eva S Ladoukaki, Kornilia V Makri, Chrysa S Petraki, Nikos G Ploumis…

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2011 12:136

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Reasons for poor guideline adherence in acute gastroenteritis (AGE) in children in high-income countries are unclear, but may be due to inconsistency between guideline recommendations, lack of evidence, and la...

    Authors: José van den Berg and Marjolein Y Berger

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2011 12:134

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Psychotic conditions and especially schizophrenia, have been associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Many studies are performed in specialized settings with a strong focus on schizophrenia. Somatic ...

    Authors: Carla Truyers, Frank Buntinx, Jan De Lepeleire, Marc De Hert, Ruud Van Winkel, Bert Aertgeerts, Stefaan Bartholomeeusen and Emmanuel Lesaffre

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2011 12:132

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Over 75% of mental health problems begin in adolescence and primary care has been identified as the target setting for mental health intervention by the World Health Organisation. The mobiletype program is a ment...

    Authors: Sophie C Reid, Sylvia D Kauer, Stephen JC Hearps, Alexander HD Crooke, Angela S Khor, Lena A Sanci and George C Patton

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2011 12:131

    Content type: Research article

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  22. In Finland, a national programme for COPD prevention and treatment was developed in 1998. The main goals of the programme were to diagnose COPD as early as possible and to encourage people to quit smoking. The...

    Authors: Tuula Vasankari, Anne Pietinalho, Kalle Lertola, Seppo YT Junnila and Kari Liippo

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2011 12:97

    Content type: Research article

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  23. In January 2010, the American Diabetes Association recommended the use of hemoglobin A1c (Hgb A1c) to screen and diagnose diabetes. This study explored the prevalence and clinical context of Hgb A1c tests done...

    Authors: Michelle Greiver, Babak Aliarzadeh, Rahim Moineddin, Christopher Meaney and Noah Ivers

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2011 12:91

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Although sickle cell disease is an important public health problem in Brazil, there is a gap in the literature on the level of knowledge of primary health care professionals about the treatment and management ...

    Authors: Ludmila MX Gomes, Magda M Vieira, Tatiana C Reis, Thiago LA Barbosa and Antônio P Caldeira

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2011 12:89

    Content type: Research article

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  25. To study the influence of a nationwide albuminuria self-test program on the number of GP contacts for urinary complaints and/or kidney diseases and the number of newly diagnosed patients with kidney diseases b...

    Authors: Julia de Borst, Markus MJ Nielen, Robert A Verheij and François G Schellevis

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2011 12:81

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Chlamydia is the most common curable sexually transmitted infection (STI) in the Netherlands. The majority of chlamydia diagnoses are made by general practitioners (GPs). Baseline data from primary care will f...

    Authors: Anita WM Suijkerbuijk, Ingrid VF van den Broek, Henk J Brouwer, Ann M Vanrolleghem, Johanna HK Joosten, Robert A Verheij, Marianne AB van der Sande and Mirjam EE Kretzschmar

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2011 12:72

    Content type: Research article

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  27. In prognostic research, prediction rules are generally statistically derived. However the composition and performance of these statistical models may strongly depend on the characteristics of the derivation sa...

    Authors: David Vergouw, Martijn W Heymans, Henrica CW de Vet, Daniëlle AWM van der Windt and Henriëtte E van der Horst

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2011 12:63

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Excessive use of antibiotics is worldwide the most important reason for development of antimicrobial resistance. As antibiotic resistance may spread across borders, high prevalence countries may serve as a sou...

    Authors: Lars Bjerrum, Anders Munck, Bente Gahrn-Hansen, Malene Plejdrup Hansen, Dorte Ejg Jarbol, Gloria Cordoba, Carl Llor, Josep Maria Cots, Silvia Hernández, Beatriz González López-Valcárcel, Antonia Pérez, Lidia Caballero, Walter von der Heyde, Ruta Radzeviciene, Arnoldas Jurgutis, Anatoliy Reutskiy…

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2011 12:52

    Content type: Research article

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