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Epidemiology and research methodology in primary care

Section edited by Christos Lionis

This section covers, though is not limited to, all aspects of epidemiological research and research methodology within the context of primary care.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Little information is available about whether the use of self-assessment instruments in primary care affects depression course and outcome. The purpose was to evaluate whether using a depression self-rating sc...

    Authors: C. Wikberg, J. Westman, E-L. Petersson, M. E. H. Larsson, M. André, R. Eggertsen, J. Thorn, H. Ågren and C. Björkelund

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2017 18:6

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Cardiovascular diseases are highly represented in multimorbidity patterns. Nevertheless, few studies have analysed the burden of these diseases in the population with multimorbidity. The objective of this stud...

    Authors: Concepción Violán, Néker Bejarano-Rivera, Quintí Foguet-Boreu, Albert Roso Llorach, Mariona Pons-Vigués, Miguel Martin Mateo and Enriqueta Pujol-Ribera

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2016 17:150

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  3. Content type: Research article

    We aimed to determine the degree to which control targets of glycaemia and cardiovascular risk factors were achieved among patients with type 2 diabetes and to investigate sex- and age-related differences in t...

    Authors: K. Cambra, A. Galbete, L. Forga, O. Lecea, M. J. Ariz, C. Moreno-Iribas, F. Aizpuru and B. Ibañez

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2016 17:144

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME) is a complex condition. Causal factors are not established, although underlying psychological or immunological susceptibility has been proposed. We s...

    Authors: Inger J. Bakken, Kari Tveito, Kari M. Aaberg, Sara Ghaderi, Nina Gunnes, Lill Trogstad, Per Magnus, Camilla Stoltenberg and Siri E. Håberg

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2016 17:128

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Macrocytic anaemia (MCV ≥ 100 fL) is a relatively common finding in general practice. However, literature on the prevalence of the different causes in this population is limited. The prevalence of macrocytic a...

    Authors: Karlijn Stouten, Jurgen A. Riedl, Jolanda Droogendijk, Rob Castel, Joost van Rosmalen, Ron J. van Houten, Paul Berendes, Pieter Sonneveld and Mark-David Levin

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2016 17:113

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Cramps are involuntary painful muscle contractions that mainly affect older people. Cramps may cause severe pain and sleep disturbance. Little information exists on the prevalence and the main features of cram...

    Authors: Hubert Maisonneuve, Juliette Chambe, Chloé Delacour, Joris Muller, Fabien Rougerie, Dagmar M. Haller and Michel Leveque

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2016 17:111

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Many instruments have been developed to identify frail older adults in primary care. A direct comparison of the accuracy and prevalence of identification methods is rare and most studies ignore the stepped sel...

    Authors: Fleur L. Sutorius, Emiel O. Hoogendijk, Bernard A. H. Prins and Hein P. J. van Hout

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2016 17:102

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  8. Content type: Research article

    The pathological mechanisms of lumbar spinal stenosis are unclear. Family doctors in the primary care setting may perform medical examinations of patients with lumbar spinal stenosis. Our aim was to use the pa...

    Authors: Naoto Takahashi, Osamu Shirado, Kazuki Kobayashi, Ryosuke Mashiko and Shin-ichi Konno

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2016 17:90

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Dizziness-related impairment is a strong predictor for an unfavourable course of dizziness in older people. In this study we explored the experiences of older patients with significant dizziness-related impair...

    Authors: Hanneke Stam, Marjanne Wisse, Bram Mulder, Johannes C. van der Wouden, Otto R. Maarsingh and Henriëtte E. van der Horst

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2016 17:74

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of multimorbidity is increasing worldwide, presumably leading to an increased use of medicines. During the last decades the use of hypnotic and anxiolytic benzodiazepine derivatives and related ...

    Authors: Kristjan Linnet, Larus S. Gudmundsson, Frida G. Birgisdottir, Emil L. Sigurdsson, Magnus Johannsson, Margret O. Tomasdottir and Johann A. Sigurdsson

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2016 17:69

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Multimorbidity is a highly prevalent health problem, which may reduce adherence, produce conflicts in treatment, and is not yet supported by evidence-based clinical recommendations. Many older people suffer fr...

    Authors: Martin Scherer, Heike Hansen, Jochen Gensichen, Karola Mergenthal, Steffi Riedel-Heller, Siegfried Weyerer, Wolfgang Maier, Angela Fuchs, Horst Bickel, Gerhard Schön, Birgitt Wiese, Hans-Helmut König, Hendrik van den Bussche and Ingmar Schäfer

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2016 17:68

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The Four-Dimensional Symptom Questionnaire (4DSQ) is originally a Dutch 50 item questionnaire developed in primary care to assess distress, depression, anxiety and somatization. We aimed to develop and validat...

    Authors: Berend Terluin, Pemra C. Unalan, Nurver Turfaner Sipahioğlu, Seda Arslan Özkul and Harm W. J. van Marwijk

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2016 17:53

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Various definitions of hyperkalaemia have been used in clinical research, and data from routine clinical practice on its incidence are sparse. We aimed to establish the incidence of hyperkalaemia in patients w...

    Authors: Mar Martín-Pérez, Ana Ruigómez, Alexander Michel and Luis A. García Rodríguez

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2016 17:51

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Medically unexplained physical symptoms (MUPS) are highly prevalent and may affect work functioning. In this study we aimed to assess the longitudinal association between MUPS and work functioning over 2 years...

    Authors: Madelon den Boeft, Jos W. R. Twisk, Trynke Hoekstra, Berend Terluin, Brenda W. J. H. Penninx, Johannes C. van der Wouden, Mattijs E. Numans and Henriette E. van der Horst

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2016 17:46

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Poor adherence to medical treatment may have considerable consequences for the patients’ health and for healthcare costs to society. The need to understand the determinants for poor adherence has motivated sev...

    Authors: Benedicte Lind Barfoed, Maja Skov Paulsen, Palle Mark Christensen, Peder Andreas Halvorsen, Trine Kjær, Mogens Lytken Larsen, Pia Veldt Larsen, Jesper Bo Nielsen, Jens Søndergaard and Dorte Ejg Jarbøl

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2016 17:28

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The health status of the young people is an important indicator for future health and health care needs of the next generation. In order to understand the health risk factors of Saudi youth, we analyzed data f...

    Authors: Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Charbel El Bcheraoui, Marwa Tuffaha, Farah Daoud, Mohammad Al Saeedi, Mohammed Basulaiman, Ziad A. Memish, Mohammad A. Al Mazroa, Abdullah A. Al Rabeeah and Ali H. Mokdad

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2016 17:26

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  17. Content type: Research article

    To investigate what a geriatric assessment in general practice adds towards previous findings of prevalence, location, impact and the dyadic doctor-patient perception of pain in this age group.

    Authors: Carsten Kruschinski, Birgitt Wiese, Marie-Luise Dierks, Eva Hummers-Pradier, Nils Schneider and Ulrike Junius-Walker

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2016 17:8

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