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BMC Family Practice

Epidemiology and research methodology in primary care

Section edited by Christos Lionis

This section covers, though is not limited to, all aspects of epidemiological research and research methodology within the context of primary care.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    The pathological mechanisms of lumbar spinal stenosis are unclear. Family doctors in the primary care setting may perform medical examinations of patients with lumbar spinal stenosis. Our aim was to use the pa...

    Authors: Naoto Takahashi, Osamu Shirado, Kazuki Kobayashi, Ryosuke Mashiko and Shin-ichi Konno

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2016 17:90

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Dizziness-related impairment is a strong predictor for an unfavourable course of dizziness in older people. In this study we explored the experiences of older patients with significant dizziness-related impair...

    Authors: Hanneke Stam, Marjanne Wisse, Bram Mulder, Johannes C. van der Wouden, Otto R. Maarsingh and Henriëtte E. van der Horst

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2016 17:74

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  3. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of multimorbidity is increasing worldwide, presumably leading to an increased use of medicines. During the last decades the use of hypnotic and anxiolytic benzodiazepine derivatives and related ...

    Authors: Kristjan Linnet, Larus S. Gudmundsson, Frida G. Birgisdottir, Emil L. Sigurdsson, Magnus Johannsson, Margret O. Tomasdottir and Johann A. Sigurdsson

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2016 17:69

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Multimorbidity is a highly prevalent health problem, which may reduce adherence, produce conflicts in treatment, and is not yet supported by evidence-based clinical recommendations. Many older people suffer fr...

    Authors: Martin Scherer, Heike Hansen, Jochen Gensichen, Karola Mergenthal, Steffi Riedel-Heller, Siegfried Weyerer, Wolfgang Maier, Angela Fuchs, Horst Bickel, Gerhard Schön, Birgitt Wiese, Hans-Helmut König, Hendrik van den Bussche and Ingmar Schäfer

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2016 17:68

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The Four-Dimensional Symptom Questionnaire (4DSQ) is originally a Dutch 50 item questionnaire developed in primary care to assess distress, depression, anxiety and somatization. We aimed to develop and validat...

    Authors: Berend Terluin, Pemra C. Unalan, Nurver Turfaner Sipahioğlu, Seda Arslan Özkul and Harm W. J. van Marwijk

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2016 17:53

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Various definitions of hyperkalaemia have been used in clinical research, and data from routine clinical practice on its incidence are sparse. We aimed to establish the incidence of hyperkalaemia in patients w...

    Authors: Mar Martín-Pérez, Ana Ruigómez, Alexander Michel and Luis A. García Rodríguez

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2016 17:51

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Medically unexplained physical symptoms (MUPS) are highly prevalent and may affect work functioning. In this study we aimed to assess the longitudinal association between MUPS and work functioning over 2 years...

    Authors: Madelon den Boeft, Jos W. R. Twisk, Trynke Hoekstra, Berend Terluin, Brenda W. J. H. Penninx, Johannes C. van der Wouden, Mattijs E. Numans and Henriette E. van der Horst

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2016 17:46

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Poor adherence to medical treatment may have considerable consequences for the patients’ health and for healthcare costs to society. The need to understand the determinants for poor adherence has motivated sev...

    Authors: Benedicte Lind Barfoed, Maja Skov Paulsen, Palle Mark Christensen, Peder Andreas Halvorsen, Trine Kjær, Mogens Lytken Larsen, Pia Veldt Larsen, Jesper Bo Nielsen, Jens Søndergaard and Dorte Ejg Jarbøl

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2016 17:28

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The health status of the young people is an important indicator for future health and health care needs of the next generation. In order to understand the health risk factors of Saudi youth, we analyzed data f...

    Authors: Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Charbel El Bcheraoui, Marwa Tuffaha, Farah Daoud, Mohammad Al Saeedi, Mohammed Basulaiman, Ziad A. Memish, Mohammad A. Al Mazroa, Abdullah A. Al Rabeeah and Ali H. Mokdad

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2016 17:26

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies addressing determinants of frequent attendance have mainly focused on socio-demographic, psychosocial and medical factors, and few had data on lifestyle and gender-specific factors. This study...

    Authors: Jeanette Therming Jørgensen, John Sahl Andersen, Anne Tjønneland and Zorana Jovanovic Andersen

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2016 17:9

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  11. Content type: Research article

    To investigate what a geriatric assessment in general practice adds towards previous findings of prevalence, location, impact and the dyadic doctor-patient perception of pain in this age group.

    Authors: Carsten Kruschinski, Birgitt Wiese, Marie-Luise Dierks, Eva Hummers-Pradier, Nils Schneider and Ulrike Junius-Walker

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2016 17:8

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  12. Content type: Research article

    No previous study had ever looked at Burnout among medical practitioners involved in after-hours house calls (AHHC) in Australia. The growing popularity of AHHC and the high number of overseas-trained doctors ...

    Authors: Chris O. Ifediora

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2016 17:2

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of self-identified chronic pain in Canadian adults is approximately one in five people. Marginalization and addictions have been shown to complicate chronic pain in vulnerable populations. This ...

    Authors: Caroline Allen, Alka Murphy, Sheri Kiselbach, Stephanie VandenBerg and Ellen Wiebe

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2015 16:182

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  14. Content type: Research article

    The primary care in China can be provided by general practitioners (GPs) and other physicians (non-GPs). However, China’s general practice system has never been really established. Chinese patients tend to con...

    Authors: Yaming Zou, Xiao Zhang, Yuantao Hao, Leiyu Shi and Ruwei Hu

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2015 16:134

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  15. Content type: Study protocol

    Prevention, or slowing the progression, of diabetic nephropathy is one of the important goals in diabetes care. Although the impact of depression is a concern in patients with diabetes, it is unknown whether t...

    Authors: Hiroto Ito, Tosiya Sato, Noriko Satoh-Asahara and Mitsuhiko Noda

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2015 16:124

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Family Practice 2017 18:61

  16. Content type: Research article

    Serious lower respiratory tract infections (SLRTIs), especially Streptococcus pneumoniae (SP)-related pneumonia cause considerable morbidity and mortality. Chest imaging, sputum and blood culture are not routinel...

    Authors: Johan Flamaing, Wilfried De Backer, Yves Van Laethem, Stéphane Heijmans and Annick Mignon

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2015 16:66

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  17. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of depression in the general population is 5 to 10% but can exceed 50% in the most socially vulnerable populations. The perceptions of this disease are widely described in the literature, but no...

    Authors: Claire Rondet, Isabelle Parizot, Jean Sebastien Cadwallader, Jacques Lebas and Pierre Chauvin

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2015 16:57

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) are the cornerstone of asthma therapy. The ICS-to-total-asthma-medication ratios, calculated from claims data, indicate potentially risky disease management in asthma. Our aim was...

    Authors: Laurent Laforest, Idlir Licaj, Gilles Devouassoux, Irene Eriksson, Pascal Caillet, Gérard Chatte, Manon Belhassen and Eric Van Ganse

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2015 16:49

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Family Practice 2016 17:5

  19. Content type: Research article

    The Lapinlahti 2005–2010 study was carried out to explore cardiovascular disease risk factors and changes in lifestyle in Lapinlahti residents in eastern Finland. Our aim was to analyse factors influencing the...

    Authors: Jorma Savolainen, Hannu Kautiainen, Leo Niskanen and Pekka Mäntyselkä

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2015 16:29

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