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Clinical presentation, diagnosis, and management

Section edited by Attila Altiner and Norbert Donner-Banzhoff

This section covers all aspects of patient diagnosis and treatment for acute and chronic conditions within the context of primary care.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Municipal drinking water contaminated with the parasite Giardia lamblia in Bergen, Norway, in 2004 caused an outbreak of gastrointestinal infection in 2500 people, according to the Norwegian Prescription Database...

    Authors: Eva Stormorken, Leonard A. Jason and Marit Kirkevold

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2017 18:49

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Up to 33% of the general population over 50 years of age are affected by nocturnal leg cramps. Currently there are no generally accepted clinical characteristics, which identify nocturnal leg cramps. This stud...

    Authors: Joannes Hallegraeff, Mathieu de Greef, Wim Krijnen and Cees van der Schans

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2017 18:29

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  3. Content type: Debate

    Many patients consult their GP because they experience bodily symptoms. In a substantial proportion of cases, the clinical picture does not meet the existing diagnostic criteria for diseases or disorders. This...

    Authors: Marianne Rosendal, Tim C Olde Hartman, Aase Aamland, Henriette van der Horst, Peter Lucassen, Anna Budtz-Lilly and Christopher Burton

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2017 18:18

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Point-of-care testing (POCT) in primary care may improve rational antibiotic prescribing. We examined use of POCT in Denmark, including patient- and general practitioner (GP)-related predictors.

    Authors: Steffen Haldrup, Reimar W. Thomsen, Flemming Bro, Robert Skov, Lars Bjerrum and Mette Søgaard

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2017 18:9

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Medication review is often recommended to optimize medication use. In clinical practice it is mostly operationalized as an intervention without co-interventions during a short term intervention period. However...

    Authors: Victor Johan Bernard Huiskes, David Marinus Burger, Cornelia Helena Maria van den Ende and Bartholomeus Johannes Fredericus van den Bemt

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2017 18:5

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  6. Content type: Research article

    European guidelines recommend offering an HIV test to individuals who display HIV indicator conditions (ICs). We aimed to investigate the incidence of ICs in primary care reported in medical records prior to H...

    Authors: Ivo K. Joore, Denise E. Twisk, Ann M. Vanrolleghem, Maria de Ridder, Suzanne E. Geerlings, Jan E. A. M. van Bergen and Ingrid V. van den Broek

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2016 17:161

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Chest pain assumed to be of non-coronary origin (NCCP) may be linked to enhanced mortality due to coronary heart disease (CHD). The aim of this study was to follow NCCP patients, as defined in primary care, wi...

    Authors: Staffan Nilsson and Petter Järemo

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2016 17:159

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Severe illness among parents may interfere with their parenting. Children having ill or substance-abusing parents are at risk of own health problems and psychosocial difficulties. The health care system should...

    Authors: Frøydis Gullbrå, Tone Smith-Sivertsen, Guri Rortveit, Norman Anderssen and Marit Hafting

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2016 17:154

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network and National Institute of Health and Care Excellence guidelines stress the importance of assessing patients with psoriasis for psoriatic arthritis, comorbidities ass...

    Authors: Alan G. Wade, Gordon M. Crawford, David Young, Joyce Leman and Neil Pumford

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2016 17:145

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Even though addressing lifestyle problems is a major recommendation in most guidelines for the treatment of hypertension (HTN), alcohol problems are not routinely addressed in the management of hypertension in...

    Authors: Jürgen Rehm, Jose Angel Arbesu Prieto, Markus Beier, Didier Duhot, Alessandro Rossi, Bernd Schulte, José Zarco, Henri-Jean Aubin, Michael Bachmann, Carsten Grimm, Ludwig Kraus, Jakob Manthey, Emanuele Scafato and Antoni Gual

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2016 17:130

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Cholesterol-lowering therapy with statins is recommended in established cardiovascular disease (CVD) and should be considered for patients at high cardiovascular risk. We surveyed statin treatment before first...

    Authors: Gunnar Nilsson, Eva Samuelsson, Lars Söderström and Thomas Mooe

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2016 17:110

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Personality disorder (PD) is associated with elevated suicide risk, but the level of risk in primary care settings is unknown. We assessed whether PD among primary care patients is linked with a greater elevat...

    Authors: Michael Doyle, David While, Pearl L. H. Mok, Kirsten Windfuhr, Darren M. Ashcroft, Evangelos Kontopantelis, Carolyn A. Chew-Graham, Louis Appleby, Jenny Shaw and Roger T. Webb

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2016 17:106

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Adolescence and young adulthood are important developmental periods. Screening for health compromising behaviours and mental health disorders during routine primary care visits has the potential to assist clin...

    Authors: Marianne J. Webb, Sylvia D. Kauer, Elizabeth M. Ozer, Dagmar M. Haller and Lena A. Sanci

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2016 17:104

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Consultations involving patients with multiple somatic symptoms may be considered as challenging and time-consuming by general practitioners (GPs). Yet, little is known about the possible links between consult...

    Authors: Mette T. Rask, Anders H. Carlsen, Anna Budtz-Lilly and Marianne Rosendal

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2016 17:100

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  15. Content type: Research article

    An increase in a patient’s visits to doctors usually raises concerns and may be a ‘red flag’ for a patient’s deterioration of health. The aim of this study was to analyze whether an increase of patient-physici...

    Authors: Johannes Hauswaldt, Eva Hummers-Pradier and Wolfgang Himmel

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2016 17:94

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Clinical guidelines for single diseases often pose problems in general practice work with multimorbid patients. However, little research focuses on how general practice is affected by the demand to follow multipl...

    Authors: Bjarne Austad, Irene Hetlevik, Bente Prytz Mjølstad and Anne-Sofie Helvik

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2016 17:92

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Multiple diagnostic algorithms for heart failure exist. However, it is unclear whether these algorithms are incorporated in the ‘scripts’ clinicians use in every day practice. Scripts are networks of organised...

    Authors: Klaartje Decaluwe, Jan Degryse and Bert Vaes

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2016 17:86

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  18. Content type: Research article

    The Education Thérapeutique des patients Insuffisants Cardiaques (ETIC; Therapeutic Education for Patients with Cardiac Failure) trial aimed to determine whether a pragmatic education intervention in general prac...

    Authors: Hélène Vaillant-Roussel, Catherine Laporte, Bruno Pereira, Marion De Rosa, Bénédicte Eschalier, Charles Vorilhon, Romain Eschalier, Gilles Clément, Denis Pouchain, Jean-François Chenot, Claude Dubray and Philippe Vorilhon

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2016 17:80

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  19. Content type: Study protocol

    People with cognitive problems, and their families, report distress and uncertainty whilst undergoing evaluation for dementia and perceive that traditional diagnostic evaluation in secondary care is insufficie...

    Authors: Sam T. Creavin, Sarah J. Cullum, Judy Haworth, Lesley Wye, Antony Bayer, Mark Fish, Sarah Purdy and Yoav Ben-Shlomo

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2016 17:79

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Family Practice 2016 17:119

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