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BMC Family Practice

Clinical presentation, diagnosis, and management

Section edited by Attila Altiner and Norbert Donner-Banzhoff

This section covers all aspects of patient diagnosis and treatment for acute and chronic conditions within the context of primary care.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Empirical prescribing of antibiotics to women with symptoms of acute cystitis prior to culture results is common, but subsequent culture results are often negative. A clinical decision aid for prescribing deci...

    Authors: Warren J. McIsaac, Rahim Moineddin, Ildikó Gágyor and Tony Mazzulli

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2017 18:89

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Family members often play important roles in the lives of depressed older men and frequently attend primary care visits with their loved ones, yet surprisingly little is known about how to most effectively eng...

    Authors: Ladson Hinton, Andrés F. Sciolla, Jürgen Unützer, Edward Elizarraras, Richard L. Kravitz and Ester Carolina Apesoa-Varano

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2017 18:88

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  3. Content type: Research article

    The primary care out-of-hours (OOH) services in Norway are characterized by high contact rates by telephone. The telephone contacts are handled by local emergency medical communication centres (LEMCs), mainly ...

    Authors: Vivian Midtbø, Guttorm Raknes and Steinar Hunskaar

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2017 18:84

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Anal disorders are largely underestimated in general practice. Studies have shown patients conceal anal symptoms leading to late diagnosis and treatment. Management by general practitioners is poorly described...

    Authors: Géraldine Tournu, Laurent Abramowitz, Camille Couffignal, Frédéric Juguet, Agnès Sénéjoux, Stéphane Berger, Anne-Laure Wiart, Marc Bernard, Françoise Provost, Hélène Pillant-Le Moult, Dominique Bouchard and Jean-Pierre Aubert

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2017 18:78

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Antidepressant prescribing continues to increase, with 5-16% of adults receiving antidepressants annually. Total prescribing growth is due in part to increased long-term use, greater selective serotonin re-upt...

    Authors: Chris F. Johnson, Brian Williams, Stephen A. MacGillivray, Nadine J. Dougall and Margaret Maxwell

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2017 18:72

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Lyme disease (LD), a multisystem infection caused by the spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto (B. burgdorferi), is the most reported vector-borne disease in North America, and by 2020, 80% of the populat...

    Authors: Salima Gasmi, Nicholas H. Ogden, Patrick A. Leighton, Ariane Adam-Poupart, François Milord, L. Robbin Lindsay, Sapha Barkati and Karine Thivierge

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2017 18:65

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Depression is a common health condition affecting up to a third of patients attending primary care, where most of the care for people with depression is provided. Adequate recognition of depression is the crit...

    Authors: Abebaw Fekadu, Girmay Medhin, Medhin Selamu, Tedla W. Giorgis, Crick Lund, Atalay Alem, Martin Prince and Charlotte Hanlon

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2017 18:56

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Municipal drinking water contaminated with the parasite Giardia lamblia in Bergen, Norway, in 2004 caused an outbreak of gastrointestinal infection in 2500 people, according to the Norwegian Prescription Database...

    Authors: Eva Stormorken, Leonard A. Jason and Marit Kirkevold

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2017 18:49

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Up to 33% of the general population over 50 years of age are affected by nocturnal leg cramps. Currently there are no generally accepted clinical characteristics, which identify nocturnal leg cramps. This stud...

    Authors: Joannes Hallegraeff, Mathieu de Greef, Wim Krijnen and Cees van der Schans

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2017 18:29

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  10. Content type: Debate

    Many patients consult their GP because they experience bodily symptoms. In a substantial proportion of cases, the clinical picture does not meet the existing diagnostic criteria for diseases or disorders. This...

    Authors: Marianne Rosendal, Tim C Olde Hartman, Aase Aamland, Henriette van der Horst, Peter Lucassen, Anna Budtz-Lilly and Christopher Burton

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2017 18:18

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Point-of-care testing (POCT) in primary care may improve rational antibiotic prescribing. We examined use of POCT in Denmark, including patient- and general practitioner (GP)-related predictors.

    Authors: Steffen Haldrup, Reimar W. Thomsen, Flemming Bro, Robert Skov, Lars Bjerrum and Mette Søgaard

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2017 18:9

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Medication review is often recommended to optimize medication use. In clinical practice it is mostly operationalized as an intervention without co-interventions during a short term intervention period. However...

    Authors: Victor Johan Bernard Huiskes, David Marinus Burger, Cornelia Helena Maria van den Ende and Bartholomeus Johannes Fredericus van den Bemt

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2017 18:5

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  13. Content type: Research article

    European guidelines recommend offering an HIV test to individuals who display HIV indicator conditions (ICs). We aimed to investigate the incidence of ICs in primary care reported in medical records prior to H...

    Authors: Ivo K. Joore, Denise E. Twisk, Ann M. Vanrolleghem, Maria de Ridder, Suzanne E. Geerlings, Jan E. A. M. van Bergen and Ingrid V. van den Broek

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2016 17:161

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Chest pain assumed to be of non-coronary origin (NCCP) may be linked to enhanced mortality due to coronary heart disease (CHD). The aim of this study was to follow NCCP patients, as defined in primary care, wi...

    Authors: Staffan Nilsson and Petter Järemo

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2016 17:159

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Severe illness among parents may interfere with their parenting. Children having ill or substance-abusing parents are at risk of own health problems and psychosocial difficulties. The health care system should...

    Authors: Frøydis Gullbrå, Tone Smith-Sivertsen, Guri Rortveit, Norman Anderssen and Marit Hafting

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2016 17:154

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network and National Institute of Health and Care Excellence guidelines stress the importance of assessing patients with psoriasis for psoriatic arthritis, comorbidities ass...

    Authors: Alan G. Wade, Gordon M. Crawford, David Young, Joyce Leman and Neil Pumford

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2016 17:145

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Even though addressing lifestyle problems is a major recommendation in most guidelines for the treatment of hypertension (HTN), alcohol problems are not routinely addressed in the management of hypertension in...

    Authors: Jürgen Rehm, Jose Angel Arbesu Prieto, Markus Beier, Didier Duhot, Alessandro Rossi, Bernd Schulte, José Zarco, Henri-Jean Aubin, Michael Bachmann, Carsten Grimm, Ludwig Kraus, Jakob Manthey, Emanuele Scafato and Antoni Gual

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2016 17:130

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Cholesterol-lowering therapy with statins is recommended in established cardiovascular disease (CVD) and should be considered for patients at high cardiovascular risk. We surveyed statin treatment before first...

    Authors: Gunnar Nilsson, Eva Samuelsson, Lars Söderström and Thomas Mooe

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2016 17:110

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Personality disorder (PD) is associated with elevated suicide risk, but the level of risk in primary care settings is unknown. We assessed whether PD among primary care patients is linked with a greater elevat...

    Authors: Michael Doyle, David While, Pearl L. H. Mok, Kirsten Windfuhr, Darren M. Ashcroft, Evangelos Kontopantelis, Carolyn A. Chew-Graham, Louis Appleby, Jenny Shaw and Roger T. Webb

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2016 17:106

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Adolescence and young adulthood are important developmental periods. Screening for health compromising behaviours and mental health disorders during routine primary care visits has the potential to assist clin...

    Authors: Marianne J. Webb, Sylvia D. Kauer, Elizabeth M. Ozer, Dagmar M. Haller and Lena A. Sanci

    Citation: BMC Family Practice 2016 17:104

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