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Table 6 Comparison of independent predictors for issuing a prescription, giving a sick note and requiring a return visit, for both ILI and ARI, calculated from a logistic regression analysis. For ease of interpretation, only symptom labels with a statistically significant OR are shown

From: How are reasons for encounter associated with influenza-like illness and acute respiratory infection diagnoses and interventions? A cohort study in eight Italian general practice populations

  ILI ARI
Code Label Odds ratio (95% CI) P value Code Label Odds ratio (95% CI) P value
Prescriptions related to respiratory system N01 Headache 2.93 (1.38–6.22) 0.005* R05 Cough 2.49 (1.73–3.67) 0.001*
A01 Pain, general 2.30 (1.57–3.37) 0.001* R21 Throat symptoms 2.40 (1.57–3.68) 0.001*
Sick notes related to the respiratory system (R62) N01 Headache 5.32 (2.47–11.4) 0.001* A3 Fever 2.46 (1.27–4.78) 0.007*
R05 Cough 1.70 (1.03–2.81) 0.03*     
Return visit A03 Fever 127 (40–398) 0.001* R05 Cough 22.1 (8.97–54-8) 0.001*
R05 Cough 3.43 (1.78–6.61) 0.001* A03 Fever 13.6 (6.64–28.1 0.001*
     R21 Throat symptoms 2.36 (1.11–5.03) 0.02*
  1. *Significant at P < 0.05