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Table 4 Mediation analyses: effect of migrants background on self-reported acute care use (n = 2,962)

From: Use of acute care services by adults with a migrant background: a secondary analysis of a EurOOHnet survey

Potential mediators Direct effect Mediation effect Total effect % Mediated
IRR (95% CI) IRR (95% CI) IRR (95% CI) % (95% CI)
Employment 1.69 (1.20–2.51)* 1.04 (1.00–1.09)* 1.75 (1.24–2.64)* 6.9 (0.6–19.0)*
Social support 1.71 (1.21–2.66)* 1.01 (1.00–1.04) 1.74 (1.22–2.66)* 2.2 (-1.0–10)
Health literacy: sufficient information 1.66 (1.20–2.48)* 1.04 (1.00–1.11) 1.72 (1.23–2.61)* 6.8 (-0.3–20.0)
Anxiety 1.65 (1.21–2.46)* 1.05 (1.01–1.11)* 1.73 (1.24–2.61)* 8.4 (1.6–23,0)*
Attitude towards use OOH-PC 1.59 (1.13–2.34)* 1.07 (1.03–1.14)* 1.70 (1.20–2.53)* 13.4 (4.5–35.0)*
Degree of severity before contacting OOH-PC 1.61 (1.16–2.46)* 1.02 (0.98–1.08) 1.65 (1.18–2.56)* 4.6 (-6.3–18.0)
Travel time 1.72 (1.23–2.69)* 0.99 (0.96–1.00) 1.69 (1.21–2.61)* -2.6 (-11.6–0.0)
Problems in contacting GP due to own work or private appointments 1.67 (1.18–2.56)* 1.03 (1.00–1.07)* 1.72 (1.20–2.69)* 5.8 (0.1–18.0)*
Problems with accessibility own GP 1.68 (1.22–2.56)* 1.02 (1.00–1.06)* 1.72 (1.24–2.59)* 4.2 (0.1–13.0)*
  1. *p < 0.05, in bold; all models are adjusted for age, sex and education level
  2. IRR  Incidence rate ratio, CI Confidence Interval, GP General Practitioner, OOH-PC Out-of-hours primary care