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Table 1 Description of study population grouped by migrant background (%)

From: Use of acute care services by adults with a migrant background: a secondary analysis of a EurOOHnet survey

Factors Categories Native born (Nmax = 2,733)a Non-western migrants (Nmax = 175)b Western migrants (Nmax = 547)c
Age Mean (SD) 46.0 (10.2) 39.2 (9.1) 44.4 (9.9)
Median (IQR) 51.0 (36–55) 36 (32–50) 40 (35–53.5)
Sex Male 47.5 49.1 40.8
Female 52.5 50.9 59.2
Education level Low 12.5 13.1 8.1
Middle 52.6 40.6 52.0
High 34.9 46.3 39.9
Medical education None 89.6 93.1 91.4
Some/nurse/doctor 10.4 6.9 8.6
Employment Unemployed 19.1 29.2 22.3
Employed 80.9 70.8 77.7
Living status Living alone 16.8 11.4 19.0
Living with another adult 83.2 88.6 81.0
Social support Lacking social support 24.0 36.2 29.7
Receiving social support 75.9 63.2 70.3
Health literacy – navigating the system Low/middle ability 28.4 28.0 35.1
High ability 71.6 72.0 64.9
Health literacy – sufficient information Low ability 9.5 8.8 15.5
High ability 90.5 91.2 84.5
Self-efficacy Low 50.6 56.6 40.1
High 49.4 43.4 59.9
Anxiety No anxiety 88.8 80.8 85.7
Anxiety 11.2 19.2 14.3
Attitude towards use OOH-PC Low barrier 36.8 52.4 52.5
High barrier 63.2 47.6 47.5
Degree of severity before contacting OOH-PC Mean (SD) 8.1 (1.5) 7.8 (1.6) 8.2 (1.7)
Median (IQR) 8 (7–9) 8 (7–9) 8 (7–10)
Travel time  < 15 min 45.7 51.4 56.1
 ≥ 15 min 54.3 48.6 43.9
Problems in contacting GP due to own work or private appointments No/few problems 84.0 75.6 84.1
Some/many problems 16.0 24.4 15.9
Problems in contacting GP due to accessibility own GP No/few problems 78.4 71.4 84.7
Some/many problems 21.6 28.6 15.3
Problems in contacting GP due to availability own GP No/few problems 84.8 80.7 86.4
Some/many problems 15.2 19.3 13.6
Self-assessed health Poor 13.7 13.7 13.5
Good 86.3 86.3 86.5
  1. a Percentage of missing values factors ranged from 0% (age) to 4.9% (travel time)
  2. b Percentage of missing values factors ranged from 0% (age, sex, education, medical education, living status, self-assessed health) to 6.3% (travel time)
  3. c Percentage of missing values factors ranged from 0% (age, sex, employment, living status, health literacy: sufficient information, anxiety, self-assessed health) to 5.7% (attitudes towards use OOH-PC)