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Table 2 Antibiotic use by clinical diagnosis, N (%)

From: Clinical diagnosis and treatment of common respiratory tract infections in relation to microbiological profiles in rural health facilities in China: implications for antibiotic stewardship

  Patients Any antibiotic Number of antibiotics used Category of antibiotics used
1 2 3 +  Quinolones Cephalosporins Penicillins Others
Diagnosis
  -Respiratory tract infection 326 (30.5) 296 (90.8) 179 (54.9) 92 (28.2) 24 (7.4) 112 (34.4) 92 (28.2) 141 (43.3) 22 (6.7)
  -Bronchitis/tracheitis 249 (23.3) 234 (94.0) 109 (43.8) 101 (40.6) 23 (9.2) 106 (42.6) 82 (32.9) 109 (43.8) 7 (2.8)
  -Pharyngitis 119 (11.1) 104 (87.4) 84 (70.6) 15 (12.6) 4 (3.4) 17 (14.3) 20 (16.8) 54 (45.4) 10 (8.4)
  -Common cold 85 (8.0) 69 (81.2) 57 (67.1) 7 (8.2) 5 (5.9) 12 (14.1) 50 (58.8) 11 (12.9) 5 (5.9)
  -Pneumonia/bronchopneumonia 48 (4.5) 44 (91.7) 22 (45.8) 16 (33.3) 6 (12.5) 16 (33.3) 25 (52.1) 17 (35.4) 2 (4.2)
  -Tonsillitis 44 (4.1) 41 (93.2) 19 (43.2) 15 (34.1) 7 (15.9) 18 (40.9) 17 (38.6) 18 (40.9) 1 (2.3)
  -COPD 29 (2.7) 26 (89.7) 4 (13.8) 15 (51.7) 7 (24.1) 20 (69.0) 7 (24.1) 17 (58.6) 0 (0.0)
  -Others 24 (2.2) 15 (62.5) 11 (45.8) 4 (16.7) 0 (0.0) 4 (16.7) 7 (29.2) 5 (20.8) 1 (4.2)
  -Diagnosis not given 144 (13.5) 109 (75.7) 71 (49.3) 31 (21.5) 7 (4.9) 30 (20.8) 59 (41.0) 32 (22.2) 15 (10.4)
P   0.000 0.000 0.000 0.002 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.015
Total 1068 (100) 938 (87.8) 556 (52.1) 296 (27.7) 86 (8.1) 335 (31.4) 359 (33.6) 404 (37.8) 63 (5.9)