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Table 3 Baseline characteristics of the patient study sample

From: Using a brief web-based 5A intervention to improve weight management in primary care: results of a cluster-randomized controlled trial

Variable Total (n = 135) IG (n = 65) (95% CI) CG (n = 70) (95% CI)
Age, M (SD) 43.3 (10.7) 43.2 (10.1) (40.7–45.7) 43.3 (11.2) (40.6–46.0)
Gender, n (%)
 Female 84 (62.2) 39 (60.0)   45 (64.3)  
 Male 51 (37.8) 26 (40.0)   25 (35.7)  
Level of Educationa, n (%)
 Low 32 (23.7) 13 (20.0)   19 (27.1)  
 Medium 92 (68.1) 44 (67.7)   48 (68.6)  
 High 11 (8.1) 8 (12.3)   3 (4.3)  
Marital statusb, n (%)
 Married 49 (36.6) 28 (43.8)   21 (30.0)  
 Unmarried 59 (44.0) 25 (39.1)   34 (48.6)  
 Divorced/widowed 26 (19.4) 11 (17.1)   15 (21.4)  
PHQ, subscale panic syndromec
 Panic syndrome, n (%) 15 (11.6) 7 (10.8)   8 (12.5)  
PHQ, subscale other anxietyd
 Anxiety syndrome, n (%) 6 (4.9) 2 (3.2)   4 (6.8)  
BFI-10c, M (SD)
 Extraversion 3.3 (1.1) 3.4 (1.1) (3.2–3.7) 3.3 (1.0) (3.1–3.6)
 Neuroticism 2.9 (1.0) 2.7 (1.0) (2.5–3.0) 3.1 (0.9) (2.9–3.3)
 Openness 3.4 (0.9) 3.3 (0.9) (3.1–3.5) 3.5 (0.9) (3.2–3.7)
 Conscientiousness 3.8 (0.7) 3.8 (0.8) (3.6–4.0) 3.7 (0.7) (3.5–3.9)
 Agreeableness 3.2 (0.8) 3.3 (0.8) (3.1–3.5) 3.1 (0.8) (2.9–3.3)
Counseling Experience
 How often have you seen your GP within the last 12 months?b n (%)
  Less than five times 73 (54.5) 34 (53.1)   39 (55.7)  
  Five times or more 61 (45.6) 30 (46.9)   31 (44.3)  
 Has your weight been discussed?e n (%)
  Yes 106 (79.7) 52 (81.3)   54 (78.3)  
 If yes, who took the initiative?f n (%)
  GP 26 (38.2) 14 (42.4)   12 (34.3)  
  Patient 22 (32.4) 6 (18.2)   16 (45.7)  
  Both (Patient and GP) 20 (29.4) 13 (39.4)   7 (20.0)  
 Which aspects of weight have been discussed? n (%)
  Necessity to lose weight 83 (78.3) 41 (78.8)   42 (77.8)  
  Health risks 56 (52.8) 29 (55.8)   27 (50.0)  
  Secondary diseases 74 (69.8) 37 (71.2)   37 (68.5)  
  Diet 61 (57.5) 32 (61.5)   29 (53.7)  
  Physical exercise 63 (59.4) 32 (61.5)   31 (57.4)  
  Medication 36 (34.0) 15 (28.8)   21 (38.9)  
  1. IG Intervention group, CG Control group, n Number of cases, M Mean, SD Standard deviation, % Percent value, CI Confidence Interval
  2. aLevel of education based on the revised version of the international CASMIN educational classification [71]
  3. bMissing data for n = 1 participant
  4. cMissing data for n = 6 participants
  5. dMissing data for n = 13 participants
  6. eMissing data for n = 2 participants
  7. fMissing data for n = 38 participants