Skip to main content

Table 2 Patient-visit clinical diagnoses or medication use which are contraindications for NSAIDs

From: How do contraindications to non-opioid analgesics and opioids affect the likelihood that patients with back pain diagnoses in the primary care setting receive an opioid prescription? An observational cross-sectional study

  No opioid prescription at office visit
n = 23,541
Opioid prescription at office visit n = 1002 Total
sample
n = 24,543
P-Value
N (%) N (%) N
Kidney Disease
 None 22,307 (96.1) 906 (3.9) 23,213  
 Diagnosed 1234 (92.8) 96 (97.2) 1330 < 0.001
Liver Disease
 None 23,116 (95.9) 983 (4.1) 24,099  
 Diagnosed 425 (95.7) 19 (4.3) 444 0.83
Inflammatory Bowel Disease
 None 23,357 (95.9) 991 (4.1) 24,348  
 Diagnosed 184 (94.4) 11 (5.6) 195 0.27
Cardiovascular or Cerebrovascular Disease
 None 21,233 (96.0) 891 (4.0) 22,124  
 Diagnosed 2308 (95.4) 111 (4.6) 2419 0.19
Gastrointestinal Disorder, including GERD, Peptic Ulcers, or Bleeding
 None 21,021 (95.9) 895 (4.1) 21,916  
 Diagnosed 2520 (195.9) 107 (4.1) 2627 0.98
Chronic Systemic Steroid Use
No 23,445 (95.9) 998 (4.1) 24,443  
 Yes 96 (96.0) 4 (74.5) 100 0.002
Concurrent of Chronic Anticoagulant or Antiplatelet Use
 No 19,662 (96.5) 713 (3.5) 20,375  
 Yes 3879 (93.1) 289 (6.9) 4168 < 0.001
  1. Abbreviations: NSAIDs Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
\