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Table 5 Key characteristics of reports with three CQI elements compared to other reports

From: A systematic review of approaches to improve practice, detection and treatment of unhealthy alcohol use in primary health care: a role for continuous quality improvement

CharacteristicNumber of reports
Reports with 3 CQI elements (%), n = 12Other reports (%), n = 44All reports (%), n = 56
Multifaceted12 (100)30 (68.2)42 (75.0)
Randomized3 (30.0)21 (45.7)24 (42.9)
Alcohol-specific5 (41.7)30 (68.1)35 (62.5)
Studied patient outcome1 (8.3)4 (9.1)5 (8.9)
Included patient as target level0 (0.0)4 (9.1)4 (7.1)
Health-system + practice + clinician as target level4 (33.3)5 (11.4)9 (16.1)
Implementation duration (weeks)a:(n = 11)(n = 39)(n = 50)
 Median52.021.728.2
 Interquartile range3935.740
Implementation to end of data collection (weeks)a,b(n = 11)(n = 42)(n = 53)
 Median104.038.352.0
 Interquartile range6564.384
  1. aSome data were missing due to lack of detail in reports
  2. bthis duration was defined as beginning of implementation until the last data collection event