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Table 2 Social and health related determinants for frequent primary care attendance: Results of binary logistic regression analyses (average marginal effects)

From: Frequent attenders in the German healthcare system: determinants of high utilization of primary care services. Results from the cross-sectional German health interview and examination survey for adults (DEGS)

 IndicatorCategoryModel 1Model 2Model 3Model 4
SociodemographicsSES [Ref high]low0.0900.0580.1210.0750.0460.1050.0690.0420.0970.0440.0170.070
Migrant background [Ref yes]no0.012−0.0110.0360.013− 0.0100.0350.015−0.0070.0380.015−0.0070.038
Marriage/consensual union [Ref yes]no0.007−0.0140.029−0.004−0.0240.016−0.005− 0.0250.014− 0.003−0.0230.016
Psychosocial stressSocial support [Ref moderate/high]low   0.007−0.0180.033−0.009− 0.0320.015− 0.016−0.0390.007
Unemployment [Ref no]yes   0.027−0.0120.0670.013−0.0240.0490.004−0.0310.039
Early retirement [Ref no]yes   0.1980.1100.2860.0990.0170.1810.063−0.0110.137
Stressful life event [Ref no]yes   0.0610.0400.0820.0310.0110.0520.0230.0030.042
Medical needNCDs [continuous]count      0.0280.0230.0340.0190.0130.025
Current depressive symptoms [Ref no]yes      0.0470.0060.0880.017−0.0170.050
Subjective HealthSelf-rated health [Ref (very) good]moderate or worse         0.0840.0560.112
Global activity limitations [Ref no]yes         0.024−0.0070.055
More likely to get sick [Ref no]yes         0.0630.0310.096
  1. Source: DEGS (n = 6730)
  2. AME average marginal effects, CI confidence interval, SES socioeconomic status, NCDs non-communicable diseases. Boldface indicates p < 0.05