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Table 1 Population description, and statistics for the HbA1c and LDL measurements for patients with type 2 diabetes in North Karelia, Finland during 2012 to 2017

From: Trends in the process and outcome indicators of type 2 diabetes care: a cohort study from Eastern Finland, 2012–2017

  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 P-value
Number of all patients N 11,806 12,794 13,141 13,221 13,943 14,116  
Diagnosed in this year   577 985 860 753 783 751  
Died in this year    514 513 510 579 574  
Diagnosed or dead    1483 1360 1254 1353 1316  
Patients in the whole-year follow-up   11,229 11,311 11,781 11,967 12,590 12,800  
Sex Women, % 47.1 46.9 46.5 46.0 45.8 45.6 < 0.001
Age, years Mean 67.8 68.1 68.3 68.6 68.7 69.0 < 0.001
Women   70.0 70.2 70.5 70.6 70.7 70.9 < 0.001
Men   65.8 66.3 66.5 66.9 67.0 67.4 < 0.001
HbA1c, % (mmol/mol) Measured, % 78.1 76.2 76.1 76.8 75.8 76.1 < 0.001
Mean 6.64 6.62 6.74 6.75 6.72 6.80  
  (49.0) (48.8) (50.1) (50.3) (49.9) (50.8)  
Geom. mean 6.42 6.40 6.54 6.54 6.50 6.59  
  (46.7) (46.4) (47.9) (48.0) (47.5) (48.5) < 0.001
< 7 (53), % 72.7 72.4 69.7 68.5 69.7 67.3 < 0.001
Women Measured, % 80.1 78.6 78.6 79.6 77.0 77.8 < 0.001
Mean 6.60 6.60 6.73 6.73 6.69 6.78  
  (48.6) (48.6) (50.0) (50.0) (49.6) (50.6)  
Geom. mean 6.39 6.38 6.53 6.52 6.48 6.57  
  (46.3) (46.2) (47.9) (47.7) (47.3) (48.3) < 0.001
< 7 (53), % 74.6 73.3 70.5 70.4 71.1 69.2 < 0.001
Men Measured, % 76.2 74.2 74.0 74.5 74.7 74.8 0.012
Mean 6.68 6.64 6.75 6.78 6.74 6.82  
  (49.5) (49.1) (50.3) (50.5) (50.1) (51.0)  
Geom. mean 6.45 6.41 6.54 6.56 6.52 6.61  
  (47.0) (46.6) (48.0) (48.2) (47.7) (48.7) < 0.001
< 7 (53), % 70.9 71.5 69.0 66.8 68.4 65.6 < 0.001
LDL, mmol/l Measured, % 69.1 67.5 67.4 67.6 67.4 68.5 0.003
Mean 2.52 2.50 2.50 2.45 2.45 2.42  
Geom. mean 2.38 2.36 2.36 2.31 2.30 2.27 < 0.001
< 2.5, % 53.4 55.0 55.1 57.4 57.5 59.5 < 0.001
Women Measured, % 69.0 67.4 66.9 68.2 67.0 68.9 0.012
Mean 2.61 2.58 2.59 2.57 2.56 2.53  
Geom. mean 2.47 2.44 2.44 2.42 2.41 2.38 < 0.001
< 2.5, % 50.3 51.6 51.4 52.6 52.8 54.1 0.010
Men Measured, % 69.2 67.5 67.8 67.0 67.8 68.1 0.095
Mean 2.44 2.43 2.42 2.35 2.36 2.32  
Geom. mean 2.31 2.30 2.28 2.22 2.22 2.18 < 0.001
< 2.5, % 56.1 58.0 58.4 61.7 61.4 64.1 < 0.001
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