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Table 2 Summary of the outcomes of the physical activity domain

From: Usability and utility of eHealth for physical activity counselling in primary health care: a scoping review

Authors, year of publication MMAT score Counselling domain eHealth used Usabilitya Utilitya
Patients Providers Patients Providers
Prochaska et al. [44], 2000 4/5 PA and nutrition PC and internet (web-based programme) +   + +
Calfas et al. [45], 2002 4/5 PA and nutrition Computer programme   + + +
Pinto et al. [35], 2002 3/5 PA TLC used computer technology +   +  
Anhøj et al. [36], 2004 3/5 PA and diet Internet based programme
Sciamanna et al. [33], 2004 11/15b PA and smoking Computer-tailored health communication   
Carlfjord et al. [46], 2009 4/5 PA and alcohol Computer-based lifestyle intervention +   +  
Carlfjord et al. [47], 2010 4/5 PA and alcohol Computer-based lifestyle intervention   ±   +
Carroll et al. [37], 2010 3/5 PA Computerised tailored report    ±  
Becker et al. [18], 2011 10/15b PA Computer-based counselling system ±   ±  
Christian et al. [29], 2011 5/5 PA and diet Computer support programme    +  
Leijon et al. [48], 2011 4/5 PA and alcohol Electronic screening and brief intervention    +  
De Coker et al. [38], 2012 3/5 PA Computer-tailored website +   
Parekh et al. [49], 2012 4/5 PA, smoking, alcohol, and diet Personalised computer-tailored feedback    
Casey et al. [28], 2014 5/5 PA Smartphone app ±   +  
Glynn et al. [21], 2014 4/5 PA Smartphone app    +  
Parekh et al. [50], 2014 4/5 PA, smoking, alcohol, and diet Personalised computer-tailored feedback    
Verwey et al. [39], 2014 3/5 PA Iterative user-centered mobile technology (smartphone, internet app, pedometer) + ± + +
van der Weegen et al. [31], 2015 5/5 PA Three-dimensional activity monitor,
mobile phone app, and web app
   +  
Choo et al. [51], 2016 4/5 PA and weight reduction Mobile app linked with an accelerometer ±   +  
Diaz et al. [52], 2016 4/5 PA, nutrition, weight, smoking, and alcohol Tablet-based risk assessment programme +   
Mann et al. [53], 2016 4/5 PA and diet Shared goal-setting tool embedded in EMR    +  
Recio-Rodriguez et al. [40], 2016 3/5 PA and diet Mobile phone app    ±  
Verwey et al. [34], 2016 10/15b PA Iterative user-centered mobile technology (smartphone, internet app, pedometer) + +   
Walters et al. [41], 2017 3/5 Health and social risks (included PA) Tailored computer-aided health and social risk appraisal system     ±
Degroote et al. [20], 2018 3/5 PA and nutrition Website    +  
Garcia-Ortiz et al. [42], 2018 3/5 PA and diet Smartphone app    
Glynn et al. [30], 2018 5/5 PA Smartphone app ± ± + +
Poppe et al. [32], 2018 13/15b PA and nutrition Online programme   ± ±
Abu-Saad et al. [54], 2019 4/5 PA and diet Computer software +   
Gill et al. [43], 2019 3/5 PA and diet Customised health technology tools    +  
  1. App application, EMR electronic medical record, MMAT Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool, PA physical activity, PC personal computer, TLC telephone linked communication
  2. a+ = effective outcomes were noticeably addressed (or most aspects were rated ≥66.66%). ± = controversial or neutral outcomes were addressed (or most aspects were rated between 33.33 and 66.66%). - = ineffective outcomes were noticeably addressed (or most aspects were rated ≤33.33%). The blanks refer to no outcome available
  3. bmixed methods study