Skip to main content

Table 1 Descriptive and clinical characteristics at baseline

From: Deriving and validating a brief measure of treatment burden to assess person-centered healthcare quality in primary care: a multi-method study

  Full sample (N = 400) HCMC sample (N = 200) REP sample (N = 200)
Age: Mean (SD) 57.9 (12.8) 54.2 (9.6) 61.6 (14.5)
Female: N (%) 199 (50%) 99 (50%) 100 (50%)
Race: N (%)
 White / Caucasian 191 (48%) 33 (17%) 158 (79%)
 Black / AA 147 (37%) 131 (66%) 16 (8%)
 Mixed race 18 (5%) 12 (6%) 6 (3%)
 Native American 16 (4%) 15 (8%) 1 (< 1%)
 Asian 11 (3%) 2 (1%) 9 (5%)
 Other 12 (3%) 7 (4%) 5 (3%)
 Unknown 5 (1%) 0 (0%) 5 (3%)
Hispanic ethnicity: N (%) 14 (4%) 7 (4%) 7 (4%)
Married / living with partner: N (%) 152 (38%) 26 (13%) 126 (63%)
College educated: N (%) 229 (57%) 77 (39%) 152 (76%)
Annual income: N (%)
  < $20,000 203 (51%) 170 (85%) 33 (17%)
 $20,000 - $39,000 60 (15%) 24 (12%) 36 (19%)
 $40,000 - $59,000 35 (9%) 2 (1%) 33 (17%)
 $60,000 - $79,999 30 (8%) 0 (0%) 30 (15%)
 $80,000 - $99,000 19 (5%) 0 (0%) 19 (10%)
 $100,000 or more 39 (10%) 3 (2%) 36 (18%)
 Missing 14 (4%) 1 (< 1%) 13 (7%)
Number of diagnoses: Median (range) 5.0 (2–13) 5.0 (2–13) 5.0 (2–11)
Types of conditions: N (%)
 Hypertension 243 (61%) 127 (64%) 116 (58%)
 Diabetes (Type 1 or 2) 215 (54%) 113 (57%) 102 (51%)
 Low back disordera 208 (52%) 106 (53%) 102 (51%)
 Depression 208 (52%) 124 (62%) 84 (42%)
 Hyperlipidemia 190 (48%) 75 (38%) 115 (58%)
 Arthritis 167 (42%) 68 (34%) 99 (50%)
 Substance abuse 144 (36%) 122 (61%) 22 (11%)
 Anxiety 137 (34%) 86 (43%) 51 (26%)
 Cancer 74 (19%) 22 (11%) 52 (26%)
 Cardiac arrhythmia 74 (19%) 28 (14%) 46 (23%)
 Vision problems 70 (18%) 0 (0%) 70 (35%)
 Coronary artery disease 64 (16%) 22 (11%) 42 (21%)
 Asthma 58 (15%) 58 (29%) 0 (0%)
 Headache 55 (14%) 38 (19%) 17 (9%)
 COPD 49 (12%) 25 (13%) 24 (12%)
 Chronic kidney disease 47 (12%) 23 (12%) 24 (12%)
 Hearing problems 34 (9%) 0 (0%) 34 (17%)
 Hepatitis 26 (7%) 20 (10%) 6 (3%)
 Congestive heart failure 24 (6%) 12 (6%) 12 (6%)
 Osteoporosis 18 (5%) 4 (2%) 14 (7%)
 Crohn’s disease 11 (3%) 0 (0%) 11 (6%)
 Psoriasis 10 (3%) 0 (0%) 10 (5%)
 HIV 2 (< 1%) 2 (1%) 0 (0%)
Weekly medication adherence: N (%)
 Always take all my medications 275 (69%) 120 (60%) 155 (78%)
 Usually take all my medications 95 (24%) 57 (29%) 38 (19%)
 Sometimes take all my medications 22 (6%) 18 (9%) 4 (2%)
 Missing 8 (2%) 5 (3%) 3 (2%)
Number of poor physical health days in past 30 days: Mean (SD)b 10.7 (10.2) 13.3 (10.0) 8.1 (9.7)
Number of poor mental health days in past 30 days: Mean (SD)b 9.6 (10.1) 11.9 (10.2) 7.3 (9.5)
Number of days of limited activity due to poor physical or mental health in past 30 days: Mean (SD)b 8.5 (10.0) 11.6 (10.3) 5.4 (8.6)
  1. aIncludes osteopathic conditions such as disc displacement/degeneration, spondylosis, spinal stenosis, sciatica, and post-laminectomy syndromes. bCenters for Disease Control and Prevention, Healthy Days measure. SD standard deviation, HCMC Hennepin County Medical Center (Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA), REP Rochester Epidemiology Project (Olmsted County, Minnesota, USA)