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Table 2 Patient characteristics and antibiotic prescription patterns

From: Treatment of urinary tract infections in Swiss primary care: quality and determinants of antibiotic prescribing

  Total Uncomplicated UTI Complicated UTI P
Patient characteristics
 N 1352 1210 129  
Sex
 M 69 (5.1) 0 (0) 69 (53.5) < 0.001
 F 1283 (94.9) 1210 (100) 60 (46.5)  
Age (mean, (sd)) 53.75 (20.83) 53.16 (20.88) 58.75 (19.90) 0.004
Antibiotic therapy
 No AB 103 (7.6) 88 (7.3) 10 (7.8)  
 One AB 1241 (91.8) 1116 (92.2) 118 (91.5) 0.921
 Two AB 7 (0.5) 5 (0.4) 1 (0.8)  
  > 2 AB 1 (0.1) 1 (0.1) 0 (0.0)  
Antibiotic prescription patterns - Recommended first line antibiotics
 Nitrofurantoin 180 (14.4) 163 (14.5) 16 (13.4) 0.855
 Fosfomycin 519 (41.6) 501 (44.7) 17 (14.3) < 0.001
 TMP / SMX 311 (24.9) 289 (25.8) 18 (15.1) 0.015
Antibiotic prescription patterns - Quinolone antibiotics
 Ciprofloxacin 121 (9.7) 67 (6.0) 53 (44.5) < 0.001
 Levofloxacin 2 (0.2) 2 (0.2) 0 (0.0)
 Moxifloxacin 3 (0.2) 3 (0.3) 0 (0.0)
 Norfloxacin 93 (7.4) 84 (7.5) 8 (6.7) 0.906
Antibiotic prescription patterns - others
 Amoxicillin 14 (1.1) 11 (1.0) 3 (2.5) 0.291
 Amoxicillin/Clav 5 (0.4) 4 (0.4) 1 (0.8) 0.975
 Cefuroxim 3 (0.2) 2 (0.2) 1 (0.8) 0.677
 Other* 6 (0.5) 3 (0.3) 3 (2.5) 0.007
  1. N number of patients; M male; f female; sd standard deviation; AB antimicrobial agent; UTI urinary tract infection; TMP/SMX trimethoprim - sulfamethoxazol; Clav clavulanic acid
  2. *: This group consist of ceftriaxon (1), azythromicin (1), metronidazol (2), fluconazol (1), and unknown (1)
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