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Table 2 Mini Mental State Evaluation results and education level for studies with low Mini Mental State Evaluation results in older people aged 90 and over

From: Cognitive, functional, physical, and nutritional status of the oldest old encountered in primary care: a systematic review

Author
(year of study, country)
[references]
Age
(years: n)
[Living in: Home (H) and or Nursing Home (NH)]
Education levelMini Mental State Evaluationa
Mean (SD)
Cimarolli et al.
(2014, USA) [24]
>  95: 119 [H,NH]50% elementary school16.48 (4.03)
Dai et al. (2008, USA) [26]>  98: 244 [H,NH]47% secondary school16.2 (8)
De Rango et al. (2007, Italy) [27]>  90: 400 [H,NH]80% elementary schoolWomen: <  18: 74.6%; 18–23: 21.9%; > 23: 3.5%
Men: <  18: 47.2%; 18–23: 41.7%; > 23: 11.0%
Ji-Rong et al. (2005, China) [35]>  90: 682 [Not specified]72% illiterate15.54 (5.4)
  1. a Mini Mental State Evaluation ranged from 0 to 30 (normal)