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Table 1 Characteristics* of the study population by the status of palliative care service use

From: Primary care service use by end-of-life cancer patients: a nationwide population-based cohort study in the United Kingdom

VariableValueAllNo PCPC
N (row%)68,523 (100.0)37,330 (54.5)31,193 (45.5)
Age at deathMedian (min, max)77 (6, 111)78 (6110)74 (18, 111)
< 502010 (2.9)873 (2.3)1137 (3.6)
50–595287 (7.7)2253 (6.0)3034 (9.7)
60–6912,702(18.5)5906 (15.8)6796 (21.8)
70–7921,282 (31.1)11,258 (30.2)10,024 (32.1)
80–8921,206(30.9)12,844 (34.4)8362 (26.8)
90+6036 (8.8)4196 (11.2)1840 (5.9)
GenderFemale31,138(45.4)16,805 (45.0)14,333 (45.9)
Male37,385 (54.6)20,525 (55.0)16,860 (54.1)
Cancer siteLung25,154 (36.7)11,983 (32.1)13,171 (42.2)
Colorectal16,560 (24.2)8740 (23.4)7820 (25.1)
Breast13,682 (20.0)8254 (22.1)5428 (17.4)
Prostate13,127 (19.2)8353 (22.4)4774 (15.3)
No. of comorbid conditions017,028 (24.9)9486 (25.4)7542 (24.2)
122,774 (33.2)12,094 (32.4)10,680 (34.2)
215,338 (22.4)8286 (22.2)7052 (22.6)
37903 (11.5)4335 (11.6)3568 (11.4)
4+5480 (8.0)3129 (8.4)2351 (7.5)
Time between diagnosis and death (months)Median (min, max)15 (0, 292)15 (0, 292)15 (0, 273)
< 620,172 (29.4)11,809 (31.6)8363 (26.8)
6–1211,245 (16.4)5334 (14.3)5911 (18.9)
13–3617,679 (25.8)8674 (23.2)9005 (28.9)
37–607802 (11.4)4283 (11.5)3519 (11.3)
61–1208657 (12.6)5279 (14.1)3378 (10.8)
121+2968 (4.3)1951 (5.2)1017 (3.3)
Year of death2000–200416,884 (24.6)12,264 (32.9)4620 (14.8)
2005–200926,892 (39.2)14,346 (38.4)12,546 (40.2)
2010–201424,747 (36.1)10,720 (28.7)14,027 (45.0)
IMD quintile**1 (Least deprived)8956 (13.1)4678 (12.5)4278 (13.7)
210,019 (14.6)5295 (14.2)4724 (15.1)
38766 (12.8)4763 (12.8)4003 (12.8)
48076 (11.8)4422 (11.8)3654 (11.7)
5 (Most deprived)6953 (10.1)3843 (10.3)3110 (10.0)
Not available25,753 (37.6)14,329 (38.4)11,424 (36.6)
RegionEngland53,377 (77.9)29,214 (78.3)24,163 (77.5)
Wales5921 (8.6)3285 (8.8)2636 (8.5)
Scotland7044 (10.3)3668 (9.8)3376 (10.8)
Northern Ireland2181 (3.2)1163 (3.1)1018 (3.3)
  1. * expressed as N (column %) unless stated otherwise. The comparisons of the two groups were all statistically significant (P < 0.05)
  2. ** for England only