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Table 4 Patient self-reported prevalence of health assessments performed by their GP in the last 12 months and engagement in lifestyle changes, stratified according to the presence of self-reported clinical condition. Individuals ≥35 years, South Australia, 2017 (N = 2384)

From: Patient-reported GP health assessments rather than individual cardiovascular risk burden are associated with the engagement in lifestyle changes: population-based survey in South Australia

  Prevalence of clinical condition1 
 Overall
%
None
(40.7%)
Cardiometabolic risk factora
(49.1%)
Cardiovascular diseaseb
(10.2%)
p-value*
  %%% 
Lifestyle change
 Increasing fruit and vegetable intake33.632.434.335.90.361
 Increasing physical activity level40.940.640.345.60.353†
 Reducing alcohol consumptionc31.128.332.934.60.070
 Tried to quit smokingd34.036.032.139.90.573
Assessments performed by the GPe
 Measured weight and/or waist46.935.851.364.7< 0.001
 Checked blood pressure87.981.892.695.5< 0.001
 Tested glycaemia62.450.968.774.6< 0.001
 Tested lipid levels66.354.472.979.7< 0.001
 Assessed diet29.517.035.446.6< 0.001
 Assessed physical activity32.823.536.745.7< 0.001
 Assessed smoking status18.518.517.125.80.017†
 Assessed alcohol intake20.418.620.825.60.070
 Assessed mental health status27.925.928.036.00.025
 Assessed sleeping problems/snoring23.020.123.629.50.011
 No. of assessments – Median [IQR]24[2–6]3.2[1.7–4.8]4.3[2.8–6.1]5.0[3.3–6.7]< 0.001
  1. * Test for trend; † Test for heterogeneity; IQR interquartile range
  2. 1 Results adjusted for sociodemographic variables (sex, age, area of residence, marital status, education level, dwelling, socioeconomic position, working status), lifestyle variables (portions of fruit/vegetable per day, days of physical activity, doses of alcohol/day, and cigarettes smoked/day), mental health, number of visits to the GP, hospitalisations, and visits to the emergency room. Maximum likelihood estimates (pseudolikelihood log) values for the full models: increasing fruit and vegetable intake = − 1220.6; increasing physical activity level = − 1271.6; reducing alcohol consumption = − 946.0; tried to quit smoking = −203.6
  3. 2 Unadjusted results
  4. a Including individuals with body mass index ≥30 kg/m2, hypertension, diabetes and/or dyslipidaemia, but without cardiovascular diseases
  5. b Including heart attack, angina, heart failure, and/or stroke (with or without metabolic risk factors)
  6. c Analyses restricted to individuals that consumed alcohol in the last 12 months (n = 1881)
  7. d Analyses restricted to individuals that smoked in the last 12 months (n = 409)
  8. e Analyses restricted to the 2267 individuals that visited the GP in the last 12 months (93.7% of the sample)