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Table 2 Self-reported prevalence of cardiovascular diseases or their cardiometabolic risk factors and association with the inadequacy of lifestyle recommendations among individuals ≥35 years in South Australia in 2017 (N = 2384)

From: Patient-reported GP health assessments rather than individual cardiovascular risk burden are associated with the engagement in lifestyle changes: population-based survey in South Australia

 %Visited GP
(%)a
Inadequacy of lifestyle recommendations1
 Low fruit/ vegetable intake
(%)b
Low physical activity level
(%)b
High alcohol consumption
(%)b
Current smoker
(%)
Overall
(95%CI)
 93.7 (92.4–94.8)64.8 (62.5–67.0)67.1 (64.7;69.4)28.6 (26.4–30.9)16.1 (14.2–18.3)
Cardiometabolic risk factors
 Obesityc26.197.6**66.775.3***30.713.1
 Hypertension35.898.7***67.570.028.914.6
 Dyslipidaemia30.298.3***61.270.9*28.516.7
 Diabetes mellitus14.999.3**61.774.1*25.416.2
Cardiovascular disease
 Myocardial infarction or angina9.799.1*61.175.6**28.616.8
 Heart failure2.7100.0**56.577.113.025.0
 Stroke2.096.964.369.017.18.5
  1. P-value * < 0.05; ** < 0.01; *** < 0.001
  2. 1 Results adjusted for sociodemographic variables (sex, age, area of residence, marital status, education level, dwelling, socioeconomic position, working status) and mental health status
  3. a Visited a GP in the last 12 months for any reason
  4. b Low fruit and vegetable intake < 5 portions of fruit and/or vegetables/day; low physical activity level < 150 min/week of moderate/vigorous physical activity; high alcohol consumption > 2 standard doses of alcohol/day
  5. c Body mass index ≥30.0 kg/m2 based on self-reported information for weight and height