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Table 3 Multivariate logistic regressions. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) of the effect of the intervention on the likelihood of an improvement in each domain of self-management, adjusted only for age and gender (Model 1), and adjusted for age, gender, family income, education, and self-perceived financial status (Model 2)

From: A multidisciplinary self-management intervention among patients with multimorbidity and the impact of socioeconomic factors on results

heiQ domain Model 1: OR (95% CI) p Model 2: OR (95% CI) p
Health-directed behavior 2.03 (1.16–3.55) 0.013 1.98 (1.07–3.66) 0.029
Positive and active engagement in life a
Emotional well-being 1.94 (1.03–3.66) 0.040 1.93 (0.95–3.95) 0.070
Self-monitoring and insight 2.40 (1.03–5.57) 0.042 2.14 (0.84–5.42) 0.110
Constructive attitudes and approaches 2.97 (1.47–6.02) 0.002 3.92 (1.73–8.89) 0.001
Skill and technique acquisition 1.97 (1.13–3.41) 0.016 2.48 (1.32–4.65) 0.005
Social integration and support a
Health service navigation 2.51 (1.21–5.21) 0.013 2.73 (1.20–6.22) 0.017
  1. aThe likelihood of an improvement in the domains Positive and active engagement in life and Social integration and support was not significantly associated with the intervention in the univariate logistic regression analysis, and therefore these domains were not tested in the multivariate analysis