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Table 3 Associations between GP-reported well-being and job satisfaction and gender, age and type of practice. Odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals adjusted for GP gender, age and type of practice

From: Mental well-being and job satisfaction among general practitioners: a nationwide cross-sectional survey in Denmark

  Male 46–59 years ≥ 60 years Group practice
  (female as ref.) (≤ 45 years as ref.) (solo practice as ref.)
Negative aspects
 EE high 1.00 (0.81–1.24) 1.15 (0.90–1.46) 0.70 (0.51–0.94) 0.84 (0.65–1.07)
 DP high 1.56 (1.23–1.99) 0.96 (0.73–1.26) 0.50 (0.35–0.71) 0.92 (0.70–1.22)
 PA low 1.11 (0.91–1.37) 1.15 (0.91–1.46) 0.96 (0.72–1.28) 0.85 (0.68–1.07)
 Job satisfaction lowa 1.55 (1.23–1.95) 1.44 (1.10–1.90) 1.32 (0.96–1.86) 0.93 (0.72–1.20)
 Perceived stress high 0.83 (0.65–1.08) 1.06 (0.81–1.40) 0.49 (0.34–0.71) 0.88 (0.66–1.17)
 General well-being poor 1.08 (0.84–1.40) 1.03 (0.77–1.40) 0.46 (0.31–0.68) 0.77 (0.58–1.03)
 Self-rated health poor or fair 1.00 (0.69–1.45) 1.55 (1.00–2.40) 1.06 (0.62–1.82) 0.81 (0.54–1.21)
 Work-life balance poor 0.87 (0.66–1.15) 0.91 (0.68–1.23) 0.52 (0.35–0.77) 0.72 (0.53–0.97)
 Strains in private life (some/a lot) 0.87 (0.67–1.13) 1.17 (0.87–1.58) 0.85 (0.59–1.24) 0.94 (0.70–1.26)
Combinations of measures
 Complete burnout syndrome (EE high, DP high and PA low) (Fig. 2) 1.50 (1.08–2.07) 1.45 (1.01–2.08) 0.66 (0.40–1.09) 0.91 (0.64–1.30)
 Poor overall mental health (≥ 2 burnout symptoms, high perceived stress and poor general well-being) (Fig. 3a) 1.65 (1.16–2.36) 1.24 (0.83–1.83) 0.39 (0.22–0.70) 0.80 (0.53–1.20)
Positive aspects
 EE low 1.23 (1.01–1.51) 0.95 (0.75–1.20) 1.56 (1.19–2.06) 0.89 (0.76–1.12)
 DP low 0.73 (0.60–0.89) 1.02 (0.81–1.29) 1.77 (1.35–2.34) 0.87 (0.69–1.09)
 PA high 0.92 (0.70–1.21) 1.09 (0.80–1.50) 1.29 (0.90–1.88) 0.89 (0.66–1.20)
 Job satisfaction highb 0.77 (0.61–0.98) 0.65 (0.50–0.84) 0.87 (0.64–1.19) 0.88 (0.67–1.15)
 General well-being high 1.15 (0.94–1.41) 1.47 (1.16–1.85) 2.57 (1.93–3.40) 1.09 (0.87–1.37)
 Work-life balance good 1.31 (1.07–1.62) 1.23 (0.97–1.57) 2.11 (1.58–2.79) 1.23 (0.97–1.56)
Combinations of measures
 Engagement (EE low, DP low and PA high) 1.01 (0.72–1.43) 1.26 (0.83–1.91) 1.70 (1.07–2.70) 0.92 (0.64–1.34)
 No burnout symptoms, high general well-being and high overall job satisfaction (Fig. 3b) 0.96 (0.76–1.21) 0.93 (0.70–1.21) 1.28 (0.94–1.74) 0.86 (0.67–1.12)
  1. aLow: 1st quartile (WCW-JSS score ≤ 41)
  2. bHigh: 4th quartile (WCW-JSS score ≥ 59)
  3. EE Emotional exhaustion, DP Depersonalisation, PA Personal accomplishment
  4. Bold indicates statistically significant results (p ≤ 0.05)