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Table 5 Findings on factors associated with frequent attendance among elderly primary care patients

From: Frequent attenders in late life in primary care: a systematic review of European studies

  Bergh and Marklund, 2003 Gilleard et al., 1998 Menchetti et al., 2006 Rennemark et al., 2009 Scherer et al., 2008 Sheehan et al., 2003 Svab and Zaletel-Kragelj, 1993 van den Bussche et al., 2016 Vedsted et al., 2001 Vedsted et al., 2004
No. or severity of somatic diseases +   + + + +   +/−   
presence of mental illness/psychological distress   0 +   + +   +   
medical prescriptions + 0/+         +
low social support or
social anchorage
    0 0 +     
sociodemographic factors:           
older age     + 0 0   +/−   
female gender    0 + + 0     
educational level    0 −/0       
living alone      +      
lower quality of life      +      
No. of superficial contacts        +    
No. of referrals to specialists        0    
frequent attendance out-of-hours          +  
  1. A plus sign indicates a positive association between frequent attendance and the respective factor; a minus sign indicates a negative association between frequent attendance and the respective factor; 0 indicates no association was found; blank cells mean that the factor was not studied; No. = Number