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Table 4 Aetiology of dizziness (only studies with low risk of bias)

From: Prevalence, aetiologies and prognosis of the symptom dizziness in primary care – a systematic review

  Maarsingh 2010 Lawson 1999
Peripheral vestibular 14.4% [11.2; 18.2] 34.0% [21.6; 48.9]
BPPV   8.0% [2.6; 20.1]
Vestibular neuritis   24.0% [13.5; 38.5]
Morbus Meniere 2.0% [0.1-12.0]
Cardiovascular 56.8% [51.9; 61.6]a 48.0% [33.9; 62.4]
Neurological central 2.9% [1.6; 5.1]b 10.0% [3.7; 22.6]
Cerebrovascular 4.0% [0.7; 14.9]
Psychogenic 9.8% [7.2; 13.2]
Musculosceletal 3.6% [2.1; 6.0] 4.0% [0.7; 14.9]
Other internistic diseases 0.7% [0.2; 2.3]
Drug effects 2.4% [1.2; 4.5]
Other 1.2% [0.4; 2.9]
No specific diagnosis 8.2% [5.8; 11.3] 22.0% [12.0; 36.3]
  1. aincl. Cerebrovascular; bexcl. cerebrovascular
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