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Table 2 Odds Ratios for Adolescent Reported Screening or Intervention Received by Medical Providers in Primary Care

From: Influence of mental health and alcohol or other drug use risk on adolescent reported care received in primary care settings

  Screening or Intervention (Dependent Variable)
  Asked about AOD use Suggested cutting down or stopping AOD use Referred for specialty care Counseled for > = 5 min Asked and provided any treatment
Independent Variable OR [95% CI] OR [95% CI] OR [95% CI] OR [95% CI] OR [95% CI]
MHI-5 Score (0–100) 1.01 [1.00–1.01] 1.01 [1.00–1.02] 0.97 [0.96–0.98]*** 0.97 [0.97–0.98]*** 0.98 [0.97–0.99]***
PESQ Risk Flags
 Red (vs. Green) 1.69 [1.19–2.40]** 8.89 [5.59–14.14]*** 2.80 [1.73–4.54]*** 3.48 [2.29–5.30]*** 4.44 [3.11–6.36]***
 Yellow (vs. Green) 1.36 [0.96–1.92] 2.37 [1.37–4.09]** 1.14 [0.61–2.14] 2.15 [1.35–3.42]*** 2.03 [1.37–3.01]***
Age 1.25 [1.17–1.34]*** 0.98 [0.88–1.11] 0.96 [0.85–1.08] 0.88 [0.80–0.97]* 0.93 [0.85–1.01]
Gender
 Female (vs. Male) 1.19 [0.93–1.52] 0.61 [0.41–0.91]* 0.81 [0.53–1.25] 0.93 [0.65–1.33] 0.81 [0.60–1.08]
Race
 Black (vs. White) 0.42 [0.27–0.66]*** 1.03 [0.51–2.08] 1.00 [0.50–1.99] 0.91 [0.50–1.68] 0.80 [0.48–1.33]
 Hispanic (vs. White) 0.40 [0.26–0.64]*** 0.98 [0.49–1.97] 1.17 [0.58–2.33] 1.12 [0.62–2.01] 0.93 [0.57–1.54]
 Multi/Other (vs. White) 0.56 [0.31–0.99]* 1.05 [0.41–2.69] 0.88 [0.32–2.38] 1.46 [0.69–3.10] 1.12 [0.58–2.13]
Mother’s Education
 At least some college (vs. less than college) 1.07 [0.81–1.41] 0.93 [0.59–1.45] 1.10 [0.69–1.76] 1.31 [0.89–1.93] 1.22 [0.88–1.69]
Clinic
 Clinic A (vs. Clinic D) 0.80 [0.52–1.26] 1.53 [0.75–3.12] 1.45 [0.68–3.10] 1.25 [0.67–2.32] 1.36 [0.81–2.30]
 Clinic B (vs. Clinic D) 0.66 [0.43–1.02] 1.08 [0.53–2.20] 1.86 [0.92–3.76] 1.36 [0.76–2.44] 1.26 [0.76–2.08]
 Clinic C (vs. Clinic D) 0.87 [0.54–1.40] 0.98 [0.45–2.15] 1.79 [0.87–3.69] 0.79 [0.41–1.55] 0.98 [0.56–1.70]
  1. 228 cases were imputed for missing data on mother’s education. OR = odds ratio; CI = confidence interval; AOD = alcohol or drug use; PESQ = Personal Experience Screening Questionnaire; Analyses are adjusted for clustering within clinic; *p < .05; **p < .01; ***p < .001