Skip to main content

Table 1 Participant characteristics by baseline pain and insomnia status

From: Musculoskeletal pain and co-morbid insomnia in adults; a population study of the prevalence and impact on restricted social participation

  Overall No pain or insomnia Pain only Insomnia only Pain and insomnia p-value
Group size       p < 0.001
(%) 1181 (100%) 239 (20.2%) 531 (45.0%) 62 (5.2%) 349 (30.0%)
AgeK       p = 0.015
Median (IQR) 49.6 (± 15.2) 49.4 (±15.3) 48.3 (±14.8) 52. 1 (±15.0) 51.4 (±15.8)
GenderC       p = 0.003
Female No. (%) 658 (55.7%) 122 (51.0%) 277 (52.2%) 41 (66.1%) 218 (62.5%)
OccupationC
Manual (%)
      p = 0.903
Delayed sleep onsetC
Restricted No. (%)
122
(10.3%)
- - 18
(29.0%)
104
(29.8%)
Difficulty maintaining sleepC
Restricted No. (%)
298
(25.2%)
- - 48
(77.4)
250
(71.6%)
p = 0.347
Early wakingC
Restricted No. (%)
188
(15.9%)
- - 33
(53.2%)
155
(44.4%)
p = 0.199
Non-restorative sleepC
Restricted No. (%)
215
(18.2%)
- - 26
(41.9%)
189
(54.2%)
p = 0.076
Baseline RSAC
Restricted No. (%)
203
(17.2%)
11
(4.6%)
53
(10.0%)
10
(16.1%)
129 (37.0%) p < 0.001
Baseline SF-12 physical functionA
Median PCS score. (IQR)
48.5
(± 10.5)
54.3
(±4.7)
49.4
(±8.9)
51.2
(±10.0)
42.5
(±12.6)
p < 0.001
Baseline AnxietyC
Possible/probable No. (%)
460
(39.0%)
38
(15.9%)
159
(29.9%)
27
(43.5%)
236
(67.6%)
p < 0.001
Baseline DepressionC
Possible/probable No. (%)
206
(17.4%)
38
(5.4%)
45
(8.5%)
15
(24.2%)
133
(38.1%)
p < 0.001
12 month review RSAC
Restricted No. (%)
200
(16.9%)
12
(5.0%)
62
(11.7%)
17
(27.4%)
109
(31.2%)
p < 0.001
  1. RSA restricted social activity
  2. A One-way ANOVA analysis, K- Kruskal Wallis analysis, C- Chi square analysis