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Table 3 The proportion of persons diagnosed with one or more STI or HIV indicator condition among HIV cases compared to matched controls

From: The need to scale up HIV indicator condition-guided testing for early case-finding: a case-control study in primary care

  Cases (N = 224) Controls (N = 2,193)  
  N % N % OR 95 % CI P value
Number of STIs per person in one year prior to index date
 None 174 78.1 2,169 98.9     
 At least one 50 21.9 24 1.1 32.2 17.7 to 58.5 <0.0001
Number of STIs per person up to five years prior to index date
 None 142 63.4 2,125 96.9     
 At least one 82 36.6 68 3.1 25.3 16.1 to 39.9 <0.0001
Number of HIV indicator conditions per person one year prior to index date
 None 125 55.8 2,032 92.7     
 At least one 99 44.2 161 7.3 11.7 8.3 to 16.4 <0.0001
Number of HIV indicator conditions per person up to five years prior to index date
 None 88 39.3 1,782 81.3    
 At least one 136 60.7 441 18.7 8.1 5.9 to 11.1 <0.0001
  1. Statistical significance indicated in bold