Skip to main content

Table 2 Patient characteristic of cases and matched controls

From: The need to scale up HIV indicator condition-guided testing for early case-finding: a case-control study in primary care

  Cases Controls
  N % N %
Total study population 224   2,193  
History prior to index date
 Between 1 and 2 years 30 13.4 289 13.2
 Between 2 and 3 years 27 12.1 270 12.3
 Between 3 and 4 years 7 3.1 70 3.2
 Between 4 and 5 years 15 6.7 150 6.8
 More than 5 years 145 64.7 1,414 64.5
Gender
 Male 198 88.4 1,933 88.1
 Female 26 11.6 260 11.9
Age at index date
 18 to 39 years 80 35.7 788 35.9
 40 to 49 years 97 43.3 946 43.1
 50 to 59 years 32 14.3 309 14.1
 60 years and older 15 6.7 150 6.8
Urbanisation level
 very high (>2,500 addresses per km2) 76 33.9 633 28.9
 high (1,500 - 2,500 addresses per km2) 49 21.9 522 23.8
 medium (1,000 - 1,500 addresses per km2) 21 9.4 252 11.5
 low (500 - 1,000 addresses per km2) 9 4.0 113 5.2
 not urban/rural (<500 addresses per km2) 4 1.8 61 2.8
 Missing 65 29.0 612 27.9
Socially deprived area (on 4-digit postal code area) a
 Yes 26 11.6 226 10.3
 No 198 88.4 1,967 89.7
  1. aSocially deprived areas are defined by various socioeconomic indicators determined per 4-digit postal code