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Table 3 Sociodemographic variables associated with believing that antibiotics cure respiratory infection faster and incorrect responses to key knowledge questions

From: Knowledge, attitudes and practices towards antibiotic use in upper respiratory tract infections among patients seeking primary health care in Singapore

Sociodemographic strata Believe that antibiotics cure respiratory infection faster Incorrect response to:
“Respiratory infection resolves on its own” “Antibiotics are effective against viruses” “Bacteria that normally live on the skin and in the gut are good for health” “If I use too much antibiotics, it can result in them losing effectiveness in the long-term”
No. (%) p-value No. (%) p-value No. (%) p-value No. (%) p-value No. (%) p-value
Age in years 21–34 288 (65.9) 0.804† 203 (46.3) 0.042† 348 (79.5) 0.493† 58 (13.2) <0.001† 91 (20.8) 0.318†
35–49 200 (64.9)   150 (48.7)   226 (73.4)   47 (15.3)   55 (17.9)  
50–64 73 (60.3)   65 (53.7)   101 (83.5)   18 (14.9)   26 (21.5)  
≥65 33 (71.7)   28 (59.6)   40 (85.1)   22 (46.8)   15 (31.9)  
Gender Male 285 (64.5) 0.728* 200 (45.1) 0.034* 359 (81.0) 0.054* 84 (19.0) 0.014* 96 (21.7) 0.412*
Female 309 (65.7)   246 (52.2)   356 (75.6)   61 (13.0)   91 (19.3)  
Ethnicity Chinese 388 (61.6) 0.006* 297 (47.1) 0.157* 486 (77.1) 0.002* 94 (14.9) 0.065* 118 (18.7) 0.073*
Malay 89 (76.7)   65 (56.0)   105 (90.5)   24 (20.7)   33 (28.4)  
Indian 69 (71.1)   54 (54.5)   77 (77.8)   21 (21.2)   24 (24.2)  
Other 48 (69.6)   30 (43.5)   47 (68.1)   6 (8.7)   12 (17.4)  
Highest qualification attained Pri. or less 35 (74.5) 0.028† 28 (59.6) <0.001† 45 (95.7) <0.001 24 (51.1) <0.001† 20 (42.6) <0.001†
Sec. 131 (70.1)   112 (59.9)   163 (87.2)   55 (29.4)   62 (33.2)  
Post-sec. 428 (63.2)   305 (44.9)   506 (74.5)   66 (9.7)   105 (15.5)  
  1. p-value for Chi-Square test for trend
  2. * p-value for Chi-Square test