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Table 4 Two most prevalent comorbidity diseases associated with cardiovascular diseases in multimorbid patients with cardiovascular morbidity, by age group and sex (442,816 adult patients, Catalonia, 2010)

From: The burden of cardiovascular morbidity in a European Mediterranean population with multimorbidity: a cross-sectional study

Age Groups (years) Women
n = 248,407
Men
n = 194,409
Index cardiovascular disease Associated
disease 1
Associated disease 2 n % 95 % CI Index cardiovascular disease Associated disease 1 Associated disease 2 n % 95 % CI
19–24
n = 2,152
Postural hypotension Acne Anxiety disorder/anxiety state 14 1.1 (0.6–1.9) Hypertension, uncomplicated Obesity Acne 8 0.9 (0.4–1.9)
Varicose veins of leg Acne Anxiety disorder/anxiety state 13 1.0 (0.6–1.8) Heart disease, other Dermatitis/atopic eczema Asthma 6 0.7 (0.3–1.6)
Hypertension, uncomplicated Endocrine/metabolic/nutritional disorder, other Obesity 9 0.7 (0.3–1.4) Congenital anomaly cardiovascular Asthma Heart valve disease NOS 3 0.3 (0.1–1.1)
Heart valve disease NOS Acne Acne 5 0.4 (0.1–1.0) Cardiac arrhythmia NOS Acne Musculoskeletal disease, other 3 0.3 (0.1–1.1)
Paroxysmal tachycardia Depressive disorder Anxiety disorder/anxiety state 4 0.3 (0.1–0.9) Heart valve disease NOS Asthma Congenital anomaly, cardiovascular 3 0.3 (0.1–1.1)
25–44
n = 37,308
Hypertension, uncomplicated Lipid disorder Obesity 538 2.5 (2.3–2.7) Hypertension, uncomplicated Lipid disorder Obesity 1,076 6.8 (6.4–7.2)
Varicose veins of leg Depressive disorder Anxiety disorder/
anxiety state
491 2.3 (2.1–2.5) Heart disease, other Lipid disorder Hypertension, uncomplicated 138 0.9 (0.7–1.0)
Postural hypotension Depressive disorder Anxiety disorder/anxiety state 102 0.5 (0.4–0.6) Varicose veins of leg Lipid disorder Obesity 105 0.7 (0.5–0.8)
Phlebitis/thrombo-phlebitis Obesity Varicose veins of leg 59 0.3 (0.2–0.4) Hypertension, complicated Lipid disorder Hypertension, uncomplicated 66 0.4 (0.3–0.5
Heart disease, other Depressive disorder Anxiety disorder/anxiety state 46 0.2 (0.2–0–3) Acute myocardial infarction Lipid disorder Hypertension, uncomplicated 60 0.4 (0.3–0.5
45–64
n = 154,049
Hypertension, uncomplicated Lipid disorder Obesity 9,134 11.5 (11.2–11.7) Hypertension, uncomplicated Lipid disorder Diabetes, non-insulin dependent 8,631 11.6 (11.4–11.8)
Varicose veins of leg Lipid disorder Hypertension, uncomplicated 3,761 4.7 (4.6–4.9) Heart disease, other Lipid disorder Hypertension, uncomplicated 2,275 3.1 (2.9–3.2)
Heart disease, other Lipid disorder Hypertension, uncomplicated 1,081 1.4 (1.3–1.4) Ischaemic heart disease w/o angina Lipid disorder Hypertension, uncomplicated 1,744 2.3 (2.2–2.5)
Heart valve disease NOS Lipid disorder Hypertension, uncomplicated 578 0.7 (0.7–0–8) Acute myocardial infarction Lipid disorder Hypertension, uncomplicated 1,361 1.8 (1.7–1.9)
Stroke/cerebrovascular accident Lipid disorder Hypertension, uncomplicated 500 0.6 (0.6–0.7) Atherosclerosis/PVD Lipid disorder Hypertension, uncomplicated 1,275 1.7 (1.6–1.8)
65–79
n = 168,340
Hypertension, uncomplicated Lipid disorder Obesity 15,115 16.2 (15.9–16.4) Hypertension, uncomplicated Lipid disorder Diabetes, non-insulin dependent 11,573 15.4 (15.2–15.7)
Varicose veins of leg Lipid disorder Hypertension, uncomplicated 9,365 10.0 (9.8–10.2) Heart disease, other Lipid disorder Hypertension, uncomplicated 4,389 5.9 (5.7–6.0)
Heart disease, other Lipid disorder Hypertension, uncomplicated 4,298 4.6 (4.5–4.7) Ischaemic heart disease w/o angina Lipid disorder Hypertension, uncomplicated 3,346 4.5 (4.3–4.6)
Heart valve disease NOS Lipid disorder Hypertension, uncomplicated 2,530 2.7 (2.6–2.8) Atherosclerosis/PVD Lipid disorder Hypertension, uncomplicated 2675 3.6 (3.4–3.7)
Atrial fibrillation/flutter Lipid disorder Hypertension, uncomplicated 2,525 2.7 (2.6–2.8) Stroke/cerebrovascular accident Lipid disorder Hypertension, uncomplicated 2,557 3.4 (3.3–3.5)
80+
n = 80,967
Hypertension, uncomplicated Lipid disorder Diabetes, non-insulin dependent 6,769 12.9 (12.6–13.2) Hypertension, uncomplicated Benign prostatic hypertrophy Lipid disorder 3658 12.9 (12.5–13.3)
Varicose veins of leg Lipid disorder Hypertension, uncomplicated 4,445 8.5 (8.2–8.7) Heart disease, other Lipid disorder Hypertension, uncomplicated 1,823 6.4 (6.1–6.7)
Heart disease, other Lipid disorder Hypertension, uncomplicated 3,255 6.2 (6.0–6.4) Atrial fibrillation/flutter Benign prostatic hypertrophy Hypertension, uncomplicated 1,466 5.2 (4.9–5.4)
Atrial fibrillation/flutter Lipid disorder Hypertension, uncomplicated 2,900 5.5 (5.3–5.7) Ischaemic heart disease w/o angina Lipid disorder Hypertension, uncomplicated 1,357 4.8 (4.5–5.0)
Heart failure Lipid disorder Hypertension, uncomplicated 2,776 5.3 (5.1–5.5) Stroke/cerebrovascular accident Lipid disorder Hypertension, uncomplicated 1,153 4.1 (3.8–4.3)