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Table 2 Distribution of cardiovascular risk factors by multimorbidity and non-multimorbidity groups (1,749,710 adult patients, Catalonia, 2010)

From: The burden of cardiovascular morbidity in a European Mediterranean population with multimorbidity: a cross-sectional study

  Multimorbidity group Non-multimorbidity group Total
Cardiovascular morbidity Non-cardiovascular morbidity
  (n = 442,816) (n = 375,355) (n = 931,539) (N = 1,749,710)
Major modifiable cardiovascular risk factors
 Smoking (n = 1,329,331) 15.1 33.3 39.0 29.9
 Hypertension (n = 1,749,710) 75.9 0.0 1.8 20.2
 Hypercholesterolemia (n = 1,749,710) 47.7 31.8 3.2 20.6
 Diabetes (n = 1,749,710) 22.8 7.1 0.5 7.6
Other factors
 Hypertriglyceridemia (n = 190,159) 27.8 24.9 18.2 24.9
 Obesity (n = 1,749,710) 24.5 15.5 1.8 10.5
 Alcoholism (n = 577,213) 28.2 29.8 32.4 29.9
 Sum of major factors (median, [IQR]) (n = 1,329,331) 2 [1;2] 1 [0;1] 0 [0;1] 1 [0;1]
 Cardiovascular risk score (REGICOR) (median, [IQR]) (n = 264,773)a 4 [3;7] 3 [2;5] 2 [1;4] 4 [2;6]
Cardiovascular risk score (REGICOR) (n = 264,773)a
 Low 60.6 74.6 84.5 67.4
 Moderate 30.1 20.5 13.4 25.4
 High 6.9 3.8 1.7 5.4
 Very high 2.4 1.1 0.4 1.8
  1. p-values overall between multimorbidity and non-multimorbidity groups were significant for all variables (p < 0.001)
  2. aOnly individuals aged 35 to 74 years were included because REGICOR score is only applicable to these age range